Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 99.90 2016
2 Zimbabwe 90.80 2014
3 Madagascar 86.40 2015
4 Uganda 85.80 2013
5 Tanzania 84.00 2014
6 Iceland 83.80 2016
7 Rwanda 83.60 2014
8 Cayman Islands 82.80 2015
9 Cambodia 82.60 2014
10 Mozambique 82.20 2015
11 Belarus 82.10 2015
12 Nepal 81.10 2013
13 Burundi 79.00 2014
14 Niger 78.80 2011
15 Lao PDR 78.20 2010
16 Malawi 77.70 2013
16 Central African Republic 77.70 1988
18 Togo 77.60 2011
19 Angola 77.30 2011
20 Iraq 77.00 2011
21 United Arab Emirates 76.80 2016
21 Kuwait 76.80 2016
21 Vietnam 76.80 2016
24 Ghana 76.10 2013
25 San Marino 75.50 2016
26 Zambia 74.60 2012
26 Nigeria 74.60 2016
28 Greenland 74.10 2015
29 Cuba 72.90 2013
30 St. Lucia 72.80 2016
31 The Bahamas 72.70 2013
32 Chad 72.30 1993
32 Macao SAR, China 72.30 2016
34 Sweden 72.10 2016
35 Benin 71.90 2011
36 Antigua and Barbuda 71.80 2001
37 Equatorial Guinea 71.70 1994
38 Bahrain 71.60 2015
39 Grenada 71.20 2015
40 Seychelles 71.10 2015
41 China 70.90 2016
42 Peru 70.60 2016
43 Kazakhstan 70.20 2016
44 New Zealand 69.80 2016
45 Botswana 69.60 2013
46 Thailand 69.20 2015
47 Russia 69.10 2015
48 Colombia 68.90 2016
49 St. Kitts and Nevis 68.80 2001
50 Switzerland 68.60 2016
51 Singapore 68.00 2016
52 Mali 67.80 2016
53 Malaysia 67.70 2016
53 Ecuador 67.70 2016
55 Palau 67.50 2005
55 Georgia 67.50 2016
57 Bolivia 67.00 2015
58 Barbados 66.40 2016
59 Paraguay 66.30 2016
60 Indonesia 66.20 2016
61 Azerbaijan 66.00 2016
62 Oman 65.80 2016
63 Belize 65.70 2016
63 Canada 65.70 2016
63 Burkina Faso 65.70 2014
66 Brunei 65.60 2014
67 Lesotho 65.20 2013
68 Nicaragua 65.00 2014
69 Australia 64.80 2016
69 Jamaica 64.80 2016
71 Myanmar 64.70 2015
72 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 64.60 2008
72 Uruguay 64.60 2016
72 Somalia 64.60 1975
75 Norway 64.50 2016
76 Panama 64.40 2016
76 Guinea 64.40 2002
78 Netherlands 64.10 2016
78 Israel 64.10 2016
80 Nauru 64.00 2011
80 New Caledonia 64.00 2014
82 Venezuela 63.90 2015
82 Kenya 63.90 2005
84 Denmark 63.60 2016
85 Ethiopia 63.30 2016
86 Bhutan 63.10 2015
87 United Kingdom 62.90 2016
87 Estonia 62.90 2016
87 Solomon Islands 62.90 2009
90 Korea 62.80 2016
90 United States 62.80 2016
92 Ukraine 62.20 2016
93 Brazil 62.10 2016
94 Djibouti 62.00 1996
94 Honduras 62.00 2016
96 Philippines 61.50 2016
96 Kyrgyz Republic 61.50 2016
98 Cyprus 61.30 2016
99 Austria 61.20 2016
99 Hong Kong SAR, China 61.20 2015
101 Armenia 61.00 2016
101 Germany 61.00 2016
103 Dem. Rep. Congo 60.90 2005
103 Liechtenstein 60.90 2016
105 Guatemala 60.80 2016
106 Trinidad and Tobago 60.60 2015
106 El Salvador 60.60 2016
108 Namibia 60.40 2016
108 Latvia 60.40 2016
110 Dominican Republic 60.30 2016
110 Lithuania 60.30 2016
110 Côte d'Ivoire 60.30 2016
113 Ireland 60.20 2016
114 Suriname 60.00 2015
114 Japan 60.00 2016
114 Slovak Republic 60.00 2016
117 Czech Republic 59.90 2016
118 Mexico 59.70 2016
119 Chile 59.60 2016
119 Mauritius 59.60 2016
121 Argentina 59.40 2014
122 Kiribati 59.30 2010
123 Cabo Verde 59.10 2010
124 The Gambia 59.00 2012
125 Luxembourg 58.90 2016
125 Fiji 58.90 2014
127 Cameroon 58.70 2014
127 Mongolia 58.70 2016
129 Finland 58.60 2016
130 Spain 58.50 2016
131 Portugal 58.40 2016
132 Tuvalu 58.20 2005
133 Costa Rica 58.00 2016
134 Dominica 57.70 2001
135 Liberia 57.60 2010
136 Albania 57.50 2016
137 Sierra Leone 57.00 2014
138 Haiti 56.90 2012
139 Andorra 56.70 2008
140 Slovenia 56.60 2016
141 Guyana 56.20 2002
141 Poland 56.20 2016
143 Bangladesh 56.10 2016
144 Vanuatu 56.00 2010
145 France 55.90 2016
146 Hungary 55.70 2016
147 Malta 55.10 2016
148 Saudi Arabia 55.00 2016
149 Macedonia 54.90 2016
150 South Africa 54.70 2016
151 Montenegro 54.50 2016
152 Sri Lanka 53.80 2016
152 Turkmenistan 53.80 1999
154 Romania 53.70 2016
155 Serbia 53.30 2016
155 Bulgaria 53.30 2016
157 Belgium 53.10 2016
157 Congo 53.10 2012
159 Greece 52.20 2016
160 Turkey 52.00 2016
160 Pakistan 52.00 2015
162 India 51.60 2012
163 Croatia 51.30 2016
164 Afghanistan 49.90 1979
165 Italy 49.50 2016
166 Gabon 48.70 2010
167 Papua New Guinea 48.30 2010
168 Monaco 48.20 2016
169 Sudan 48.00 2009
170 Libya 47.80 2012
171 Tunisia 47.20 2015
172 Egypt 46.70 2016
173 Morocco 46.40 2016
174 Lebanon 46.10 2009
175 Senegal 44.60 2015
176 Mauritania 44.30 2012
177 Syrian Arab Republic 43.40 2011
178 Iran 43.20 2016
179 Moldova 42.60 2016
180 Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.20 2016
181 Algeria 41.90 2016
182 Comoros 41.40 2004
183 Uzbekistan 40.80 2007
184 Tonga 40.30 2003
185 Swaziland 40.10 1997
186 Puerto Rico 40.00 2015
187 Jordan 36.40 2014
188 Yemen 36.20 2014
189 São Tomé and Principe 35.10 2006
190 Samoa 33.30 2014
191 Timor-Leste 30.60 2013
192 Tajikistan 30.10 2008
193 Guinea-Bissau 30.00 1988

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.