Labor force participation rate, total (% of total population ages 15+) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Zimbabwe 90.76 2014
2 Qatar 88.05 2018
3 Madagascar 86.38 2015
4 Solomon Islands 85.96 2013
5 Tanzania 83.97 2014
6 Cayman Islands 82.78 2015
7 Iceland 81.84 2018
8 Cambodia 81.73 2016
9 Ethiopia 81.24 2013
10 United Arab Emirates 81.01 2018
11 Mozambique 79.05 2015
12 Burundi 78.94 2014
13 Central African Republic 77.72 1988
14 Liberia 76.94 2016
15 Nigeria 76.34 2017
16 Vietnam 76.26 2018
17 San Marino 75.50 2016
18 Kenya 74.41 2016
19 Uzbekistan 74.30 2018
20 Greenland 74.06 2015
21 Kuwait 73.84 2016
22 Niger 73.57 2014
23 Sweden 73.18 2018
24 Cuba 72.90 2013
25 St. Lucia 72.84 2016
26 The Bahamas 72.70 2013
27 Chad 72.30 1993
28 Cameroon 72.10 2014
29 Benin 71.88 2011
30 Paraguay 71.87 2018
31 Bolivia 71.81 2018
32 Antigua and Barbuda 71.75 2001
33 Equatorial Guinea 71.70 1994
34 Bahrain 71.57 2015
35 Grenada 71.20 2015
36 Belarus 70.90 2018
37 China 70.89 2016
38 Macao SAR, China 70.80 2017
39 New Zealand 70.73 2018
40 Kazakhstan 70.07 2017
41 Peru 70.03 2018
42 Botswana 69.58 2013
43 Vanuatu 69.19 2009
44 St. Kitts and Nevis 68.79 2001
45 Nauru 68.69 2013
46 Seychelles 68.68 2018
47 Malaysia 68.67 2018
48 Switzerland 68.48 2018
49 Colombia 68.39 2018
50 Oman 67.90 2018
51 Thailand 67.80 2018
52 Indonesia 67.71 2018
53 Singapore 67.70 2018
54 Mali 67.51 2018
55 Timor-Leste 67.07 2016
56 Ecuador 66.66 2018
57 Honduras 66.49 2018
58 Barbados 66.38 2016
59 Azerbaijan 66.30 2018
60 Dem. Rep. Congo 66.03 2012
61 Australia 65.63 2018
62 Burkina Faso 65.62 2014
63 Canada 65.41 2018
64 Lesotho 65.24 2013
65 Nicaragua 64.97 2014
66 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 64.65 2008
67 Venezuela 64.42 2013
68 Guinea 64.42 2002
69 Palau 64.40 2014
70 Netherlands 64.28 2018
71 Norway 64.12 2018
72 Jamaica 64.04 2018
73 Belize 64.03 2017
74 New Caledonia 64.00 2014
75 Panama 63.95 2018
76 Georgia 63.93 2018
77 Israel 63.93 2018
78 Estonia 63.80 2018
79 Uruguay 63.68 2018
80 Haiti 63.43 2012
81 Korea 63.36 2018
82 Bhutan 63.14 2015
83 United Kingdom 63.08 2018
84 United States 62.87 2018
85 Russia 62.86 2018
86 Brunei 62.73 2017
87 Ukraine 62.58 2018
88 Denmark 62.49 2018
89 Cyprus 62.40 2018
90 Dominican Republic 62.37 2017
91 Brazil 62.25 2018
92 Ireland 62.17 2018
93 Djibouti 62.00 1996
94 Lithuania 61.55 2018
95 Japan 61.50 2018
96 Myanmar 61.50 2018
97 Latvia 61.44 2018
98 Austria 61.37 2018
99 Germany 61.28 2018
100 Hong Kong SAR, China 61.05 2016
101 Guatemala 60.94 2017
102 Armenia 60.82 2017
103 Czech Republic 60.56 2018
104 Liechtenstein 60.40 2017
105 Costa Rica 60.23 2018
106 Malta 60.08 2018
107 Suriname 59.96 2015
108 Luxembourg 59.88 2018
109 Chile 59.84 2018
110 El Salvador 59.82 2018
111 Slovak Republic 59.79 2018
112 Kyrgyz Republic 59.72 2018
113 Argentina 59.60 2018
114 Mexico 59.55 2018
115 Mongolia 59.47 2018
116 Finland 59.44 2018
117 Trinidad and Tobago 59.27 2016
118 Portugal 59.11 2018
119 Philippines 58.98 2018
120 The Gambia 58.96 2012
121 Namibia 58.88 2018
122 Slovenia 58.81 2018
123 Mauritius 58.67 2018
124 Bangladesh 58.33 2017
125 Albania 58.30 2017
126 Spain 57.92 2018
127 Dominica 57.69 2001
128 Fiji 57.58 2016
129 Ghana 56.96 2017
130 Sierra Leone 56.95 2014
131 Hungary 56.73 2018
132 Andorra 56.69 2008
133 Poland 56.34 2018
134 Côte d'Ivoire 56.06 2017
135 Montenegro 56.00 2018
136 Guyana 55.93 2017
137 Saudi Arabia 55.86 2018
138 France 55.79 2018
139 Cabo Verde 55.56 2018
140 Tuvalu 55.43 2016
141 Bulgaria 55.32 2018
142 North Macedonia 55.19 2018
143 South Africa 55.17 2018
144 Romania 54.98 2018
145 Malawi 54.83 2017
146 Togo 54.69 2015
147 Serbia 54.49 2018
148 Belgium 54.19 2018
149 Turkmenistan 53.84 1999
150 Sri Lanka 53.73 2016
151 Turkey 53.16 2018
152 Congo 53.10 2012
153 Uganda 52.99 2017
154 Angola 52.84 2014
155 Rwanda 52.37 2018
156 Greece 51.89 2018
157 Croatia 51.19 2018
158 Eswatini 51.14 2016
159 Pakistan 50.99 2018
160 Italy 49.92 2018
161 Sudan 49.81 2011
162 Gabon 48.74 2010
163 Papua New Guinea 48.34 2010
164 Monaco 48.25 2016
165 India 47.98 2018
166 Libya 47.75 2012
167 Afghanistan 47.31 2017
168 Tunisia 47.07 2015
169 Lebanon 46.11 2009
170 Morocco 45.50 2017
171 Senegal 45.49 2015
172 Egypt 45.01 2017
173 Iran 44.51 2018
174 Comoros 44.47 2014
175 Mauritania 43.55 2012
176 Syrian Arab Republic 43.40 2011
177 Samoa 43.34 2017
178 Moldova 43.27 2018
179 Kiribati 43.00 2015
180 Tajikistan 42.38 2016
181 Iraq 41.89 2017
182 Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.80 2019
183 Lao PDR 40.78 2017
184 Tonga 40.33 2003
185 Puerto Rico 40.02 2015
186 Nepal 38.54 2017
187 Algeria 36.91 2017
188 Jordan 36.40 2014
189 Yemen 36.25 2014
190 Zambia 36.11 2017
191 São Tomé and Principe 35.06 2006
192 Guinea-Bissau 30.00 1988

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.