Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Early release of the 2017 ILO Labour Force Estimates and Projections, retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 94.58 2017
2 United Arab Emirates 91.97 2017
3 Niger 90.66 2017
4 Madagascar 89.41 2017
5 Zimbabwe 89.11 2017
6 Cambodia 88.68 2017
7 Ethiopia 87.82 2017
8 Eritrea 87.39 2017
9 Tanzania 87.38 2017
10 Oman 87.31 2017
11 Bahrain 86.95 2017
12 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 86.95 2017
13 Afghanistan 86.71 2017
14 Rwanda 86.28 2017
15 Nepal 85.86 2017
16 Honduras 85.76 2017
17 Guatemala 84.99 2017
18 Peru 84.45 2017
19 Kuwait 84.07 2017
20 Nicaragua 83.96 2017
21 Paraguay 83.90 2017
22 Vietnam 83.47 2017
23 Pakistan 82.70 2017
24 Colombia 82.59 2017
25 Mali 82.54 2017
26 The Bahamas 82.00 2017
27 Malawi 81.86 2017
28 Indonesia 81.80 2017
29 Iceland 81.79 2017
30 Ecuador 81.32 2017
31 Belize 81.25 2017
32 Cameroon 81.24 2017
33 Panama 81.19 2017
34 Solomon Islands 80.33 2017
35 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 80.30 2017
36 Angola 80.09 2017
37 Central African Republic 79.96 2017
38 Myanmar 79.86 2017
39 Bolivia 79.85 2017
40 Bangladesh 79.81 2017
41 Lao PDR 79.71 2017
42 Zambia 79.66 2017
43 Vanuatu 79.59 2017
44 Saudi Arabia 79.49 2017
45 Dominican Republic 79.46 2017
46 Togo 79.35 2017
47 Ghana 79.17 2017
48 Libya 79.04 2017
49 Mexico 78.98 2017
50 India 78.84 2017
51 Georgia 78.81 2017
52 El Salvador 78.75 2017
53 Botswana 78.42 2017
54 Turkmenistan 78.24 2017
55 Guinea-Bissau 78.05 2017
56 Uzbekistan 77.88 2017
57 Chad 77.58 2017
58 Burundi 77.45 2017
59 Venezuela 77.44 2017
60 Jamaica 77.43 2017
61 Malaysia 77.29 2017
62 Kazakhstan 77.28 2017
63 Thailand 77.25 2017
64 Singapore 76.75 2017
65 China 76.08 2017
66 Macao SAR, China 76.05 2017
67 St. Lucia 75.93 2017
68 Kyrgyz Republic 75.74 2017
69 Fiji 75.40 2017
70 São Tomé and Principe 75.38 2017
71 Burkina Faso 75.16 2017
72 Philippines 75.13 2017
73 Uganda 74.91 2017
74 New Zealand 74.86 2017
75 Brazil 74.74 2017
76 Brunei 74.68 2017
77 Mozambique 74.59 2017
78 Guyana 74.58 2017
79 Uruguay 74.43 2017
80 Chile 74.42 2017
81 Lesotho 74.38 2017
82 Somalia 74.28 2017
83 Bhutan 74.28 2017
84 Tonga 74.16 2017
85 Switzerland 74.14 2017
86 Morocco 74.14 2017
87 Sri Lanka 74.13 2017
88 Iraq 74.13 2017
89 Costa Rica 73.92 2017
90 Egypt 73.72 2017
91 Trinidad and Tobago 73.66 2017
92 Dem. Rep. Congo 73.50 2017
93 Tajikistan 73.27 2017
94 Argentina 73.24 2017
95 Korea 73.15 2017
96 Benin 73.14 2017
97 Mauritius 72.73 2017
98 Haiti 72.63 2017
99 Congo 71.96 2017
100 Turkey 71.94 2017
101 Russia 71.80 2017
102 Cabo Verde 71.44 2017
103 Iran 71.37 2017
104 Lebanon 71.05 2017
105 Papua New Guinea 70.85 2017
106 Belarus 70.67 2017
107 Tunisia 70.59 2017
108 Armenia 70.58 2017
109 Japan 70.55 2017
110 Australia 70.52 2017
111 Estonia 70.26 2017
112 Syrian Arab Republic 70.15 2017
113 Barbados 70.03 2017
114 Sudan 69.89 2017
115 Senegal 69.85 2017
116 Canada 69.83 2017
117 Yemen 69.63 2017
118 Azerbaijan 69.48 2017
119 Netherlands 69.19 2017
120 Israel 69.15 2017
121 Djibouti 68.53 2017
122 Kenya 68.47 2017
123 Czech Republic 68.31 2017
124 United States 68.27 2017
125 United Kingdom 68.11 2017
126 Hong Kong SAR, China 68.06 2017
127 New Caledonia 67.99 2017
128 The Gambia 67.74 2017
129 Mauritania 67.74 2017
130 Slovak Republic 67.70 2017
131 Norway 67.60 2017
132 Macedonia 67.60 2017
133 Cyprus 67.54 2017
134 Sweden 67.35 2017
135 Cuba 67.34 2017
136 Algeria 67.34 2017
137 Ireland 67.25 2017
138 Latvia 67.25 2017
139 Swaziland 67.22 2017
140 Denmark 67.18 2017
141 Malta 66.62 2017
142 Mongolia 66.22 2017
143 Lithuania 66.18 2017
144 Germany 66.17 2017
145 Côte d'Ivoire 66.16 2017
146 Austria 66.01 2017
147 Guinea 65.43 2017
148 Suriname 65.26 2017
149 Namibia 65.19 2017
150 Poland 65.11 2017
151 Albania 64.86 2017
152 Hungary 64.22 2017
153 Spain 63.78 2017
154 Portugal 63.77 2017
155 Jordan 63.68 2017
156 Luxembourg 63.49 2017
157 Romania 63.13 2017
158 Ukraine 62.99 2017
159 South Africa 62.02 2017
160 Finland 61.89 2017
161 Equatorial Guinea 61.80 2017
162 Serbia 61.66 2017
163 Slovenia 60.90 2017
164 Greece 60.58 2017
165 France 60.12 2017
166 Nigeria 59.80 2017
167 Bulgaria 59.55 2017
168 Gabon 59.40 2017
169 Belgium 58.74 2017
170 Sierra Leone 58.70 2017
171 Bosnia and Herzegovina 58.64 2017
172 Italy 58.34 2017
173 Croatia 57.69 2017
174 Liberia 57.41 2017
175 Montenegro 55.03 2017
176 Timor-Leste 52.33 2017
177 Puerto Rico 51.03 2017
178 Comoros 50.20 2017
179 Moldova 45.79 2017
180 Samoa 38.87 2017

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections. National estimates are also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.