Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Palau 100.00 2006
2 Qatar 99.90 2016
3 Afghanistan 96.80 1979
4 Somalia 92.80 1975
5 Zimbabwe 92.30 2014
6 Niger 90.60 2011
7 United Arab Emirates 89.80 2016
8 Madagascar 89.20 2015
9 Uganda 88.20 2013
10 Tanzania 88.10 2014
11 Cambodia 87.90 2014
12 Iceland 87.80 2016
13 Kuwait 87.40 2016
14 Cuba 87.10 2013
14 Central African Republic 87.10 1988
16 Bahrain 86.90 2015
17 Nepal 86.80 2014
18 San Marino 85.40 2016
19 Cabo Verde 85.10 1990
20 Cayman Islands 84.60 2015
21 Guatemala 83.90 2016
22 Rwanda 83.40 2014
22 Malawi 83.40 2013
24 Nicaragua 83.30 2014
25 Mozambique 82.80 2015
26 Vietnam 81.70 2016
27 Indonesia 81.60 2016
27 Mali 81.60 2016
29 Honduras 81.50 2016
30 Chad 81.00 1993
31 Colombia 80.90 2016
32 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 80.80 1991
33 Oman 80.50 2016
33 Ecuador 80.50 2016
35 Myanmar 80.20 2015
35 Malaysia 80.20 2016
37 Angola 80.00 2011
38 Lao PDR 79.80 2010
38 Belize 79.80 2016
38 Bolivia 79.80 2015
41 Pakistan 79.70 2015
41 Peru 79.70 2016
43 Togo 79.60 2011
44 Bangladesh 79.40 2016
45 India 79.10 2012
46 Ghana 79.00 2013
47 Nauru 78.90 2011
47 Belarus 78.90 2015
49 Panama 78.60 2016
50 Guyana 78.50 2002
51 Djibouti 78.40 1996
52 Saudi Arabia 78.30 2016
53 Georgia 78.20 2016
53 St. Lucia 78.20 2016
53 Antigua and Barbuda 78.20 2001
53 China 78.20 2010
57 Venezuela 78.10 2015
58 Burundi 78.00 2014
59 Thailand 77.90 2015
60 Macao SAR, China 77.80 2016
61 Mexico 77.70 2016
62 El Salvador 77.40 2016
63 Grenada 77.10 2015
64 Botswana 76.80 2013
65 Greenland 76.30 2015
66 Singapore 76.20 2016
67 Kazakhstan 76.10 2008
67 The Bahamas 76.10 2013
69 Fiji 75.90 2014
70 Russia 75.50 2015
71 Kyrgyz Republic 75.40 2016
71 Seychelles 75.40 2015
73 New Zealand 75.30 2016
74 Sri Lanka 75.10 2016
75 Philippines 75.00 2016
76 Burkina Faso 74.60 2014
77 Switzerland 74.50 2016
78 Sweden 74.40 2016
78 Benin 74.40 2011
80 Mauritius 74.30 2016
81 Tajikistan 74.00 2004
81 Lesotho 74.00 2013
81 Dominican Republic 74.00 2016
84 Korea 73.80 2016
85 Uruguay 73.70 2016
85 Paraguay 73.70 2016
87 Brazil 73.20 2016
88 Sudan 73.00 2009
89 Morocco 72.60 2014
89 Suriname 72.60 2015
91 Brunei 72.50 2014
92 Argentina 72.40 2014
93 Costa Rica 72.00 2016
93 Turkey 72.00 2016
95 Lebanon 71.60 2009
96 Armenia 71.40 2016
96 Chile 71.40 2016
98 Syrian Arab Republic 71.20 2011
98 Jamaica 71.20 2016
98 Trinidad and Tobago 71.20 2015
98 Bhutan 71.20 2015
102 Ethiopia 70.90 2016
103 Côte d'Ivoire 70.80 2016
104 Barbados 70.60 2016
105 Australia 70.50 2016
105 Estonia 70.50 2016
107 Japan 70.40 2016
107 Iran 70.40 2016
109 Canada 70.30 2016
110 Dominica 70.20 2001
111 Equatorial Guinea 69.90 1994
112 Egypt 69.60 2016
112 Tuvalu 69.60 2005
112 Netherlands 69.60 2016
115 Azerbaijan 69.50 2016
116 United States 69.20 2016
116 Ukraine 69.20 2015
118 Israel 69.10 2016
118 New Caledonia 69.10 2014
120 Tunisia 68.90 2015
120 Iraq 68.90 2009
122 Hong Kong SAR, China 68.80 2015
122 Liechtenstein 68.80 2016
124 The Gambia 68.60 2012
124 Kenya 68.60 2005
124 United Kingdom 68.60 2016
127 Czech Republic 68.40 2016
128 Slovak Republic 68.10 2016
129 Denmark 67.80 2016
130 Cameroon 67.60 2014
130 Macedonia 67.60 2016
132 Ireland 67.50 2016
133 Latvia 67.10 2016
133 Malta 67.10 2016
135 Norway 66.90 2016
136 Kiribati 66.80 2010
136 Austria 66.80 2016
138 Cyprus 66.60 2016
138 Germany 66.60 2016
140 Guinea 66.40 2002
140 Algeria 66.40 2016
142 Namibia 66.00 2016
142 Haiti 66.00 2012
142 Lithuania 66.00 2016
145 Zambia 65.60 2010
146 Yemen 65.40 2014
147 Mongolia 65.00 2016
148 Poland 64.80 2016
149 Albania 64.30 2015
149 Congo 64.30 2012
149 Luxembourg 64.30 2016
149 Hungary 64.30 2016
149 Spain 64.30 2016
154 Portugal 64.10 2016
155 Mauritania 63.90 2012
156 Romania 63.60 2016
157 Solomon Islands 63.50 2009
158 St. Kitts and Nevis 62.80 2001
159 Finland 62.40 2016
160 South Africa 62.30 2016
161 Serbia 61.80 2016
161 Montenegro 61.80 2016
163 Dem. Rep. Congo 61.60 2005
164 Slovenia 61.30 2016
165 Libya 61.00 2012
165 Vanuatu 61.00 2010
167 Liberia 60.80 2010
168 France 60.60 2016
169 Guinea-Bissau 60.10 1988
170 Greece 59.80 2016
171 Jordan 59.70 2014
172 Bulgaria 59.50 2016
173 Italy 59.20 2016
174 Nigeria 59.10 2013
175 Belgium 58.70 2016
176 Gabon 58.20 2010
177 Croatia 57.80 2016
178 Sierra Leone 57.60 2014
179 Monaco 57.20 2016
180 Senegal 57.10 2015
181 Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.70 2016
182 Comoros 50.70 2004
183 Swaziland 49.70 1997
184 Puerto Rico 49.20 2015
185 Papua New Guinea 49.00 2010
186 Tonga 46.30 2003
187 Moldova 45.40 2016
188 Uzbekistan 44.00 2007
189 São Tomé and Principe 41.60 2006
190 Samoa 39.90 2014
191 Timor-Leste 39.60 2013

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.