Labor force participation rate, male (% of male population ages 15+) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 95.95 2018
2 United Arab Emirates 93.08 2018
3 Zimbabwe 92.31 2014
4 Madagascar 89.21 2015
5 Ethiopia 88.39 2013
6 Tanzania 88.12 2014
7 Cambodia 88.07 2016
8 Solomon Islands 87.88 2013
9 Kuwait 87.85 2016
10 Central African Republic 87.12 1988
11 Cuba 87.10 2013
12 Bahrain 86.94 2015
13 Niger 85.98 2014
14 Iceland 85.52 2018
15 San Marino 85.43 2016
16 Guatemala 85.25 2017
17 Cayman Islands 84.62 2015
18 Paraguay 84.43 2018
19 Honduras 84.14 2018
20 Nicaragua 83.34 2014
21 Liberia 82.31 2016
22 Oman 82.30 2018
23 Indonesia 82.27 2018
24 Vietnam 81.52 2018
25 Mali 81.43 2018
26 Nauru 81.34 2013
27 Chad 80.99 1993
28 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 80.77 1991
29 Bangladesh 80.67 2017
30 Colombia 80.49 2018
31 Pakistan 80.35 2018
32 Bolivia 80.30 2018
33 Mozambique 80.09 2015
34 Malaysia 80.06 2017
35 Belize 79.48 2017
36 Ecuador 79.28 2018
37 Saudi Arabia 78.74 2018
38 Peru 78.47 2018
39 Djibouti 78.40 1996
40 Antigua and Barbuda 78.23 2001
41 St. Lucia 78.18 2016
42 Vanuatu 78.18 2009
43 China 78.16 2010
44 Venezuela 78.02 2013
45 Burundi 77.89 2014
46 Cameroon 77.50 2014
47 Kenya 77.50 2016
48 Mexico 77.37 2018
49 Panama 77.34 2018
50 Grenada 77.10 2015
51 Myanmar 77.03 2018
52 Fiji 76.99 2016
53 Uzbekistan 76.90 2017
54 El Salvador 76.84 2018
55 Botswana 76.82 2013
56 Thailand 76.53 2018
57 Dominican Republic 76.37 2017
58 Greenland 76.32 2015
59 Kazakhstan 76.11 2008
60 The Bahamas 76.10 2013
60 Belarus 76.10 2018
62 New Zealand 76.01 2018
63 Macao SAR, China 76.00 2017
64 Singapore 75.65 2018
65 Sweden 75.50 2018
66 Kyrgyz Republic 75.37 2018
67 Sri Lanka 75.03 2016
68 Burkina Faso 74.66 2014
69 India 74.64 2018
70 Benin 74.38 2011
71 Switzerland 74.24 2018
72 Haiti 74.00 2012
73 Lesotho 73.99 2013
74 Costa Rica 73.98 2018
75 Korea 73.82 2018
76 Georgia 73.61 2018
77 Palau 73.27 2014
78 Afghanistan 73.16 2017
79 St. Kitts and Nevis 73.05 2001
80 Mauritius 72.85 2018
81 Timor-Leste 72.61 2016
82 Turkey 72.61 2018
83 Suriname 72.56 2015
84 Brazil 72.53 2018
85 Philippines 72.48 2018
86 Iraq 72.42 2017
87 Uruguay 72.13 2018
88 Iran 71.61 2018
89 Lebanon 71.55 2009
90 Russia 71.32 2018
91 Estonia 71.30 2018
92 Seychelles 71.21 2018
93 Tuvalu 71.20 2016
94 Syrian Arab Republic 71.20 2011
94 Japan 71.20 2018
96 Bhutan 71.18 2015
97 Morocco 71.02 2016
98 Argentina 71.01 2018
99 Australia 70.96 2018
100 Chile 70.75 2018
101 Barbados 70.62 2016
102 Armenia 70.57 2017
103 Jamaica 70.39 2018
104 Dominica 70.21 2001
105 Malta 70.17 2018
106 Sudan 70.06 2011
107 Equatorial Guinea 69.90 1994
108 Dem. Rep. Congo 69.79 2012
109 Azerbaijan 69.70 2018
110 Canada 69.64 2018
111 Netherlands 69.60 2018
112 New Caledonia 69.06 2014
113 United States 69.05 2018
114 Ukraine 69.04 2018
115 Trinidad and Tobago 68.99 2016
116 Brunei 68.89 2017
117 Guyana 68.87 2017
118 Tunisia 68.78 2015
119 Czech Republic 68.72 2018
120 The Gambia 68.63 2012
121 Hong Kong SAR, China 68.60 2016
122 Ireland 68.52 2018
123 Latvia 68.38 2018
124 United Kingdom 68.35 2018
125 Israel 68.25 2018
126 Liechtenstein 68.10 2017
127 Cyprus 67.83 2018
128 Slovak Republic 67.81 2018
129 Mongolia 67.66 2018
130 Lithuania 67.61 2018
131 North Macedonia 67.47 2018
132 Austria 67.11 2018
133 Egypt 66.87 2017
134 Albania 66.82 2017
135 Germany 66.79 2018
136 Denmark 66.64 2018
137 Guinea 66.39 2002
138 Norway 66.36 2018
139 Hungary 65.76 2018
140 Côte d'Ivoire 65.66 2017
141 Yemen 65.41 2014
142 Poland 64.95 2018
143 Romania 64.94 2018
144 Portugal 64.40 2018
145 Congo 64.30 2012
146 Montenegro 64.27 2018
147 Slovenia 63.98 2018
148 Luxembourg 63.94 2018
149 Spain 63.72 2018
150 Finland 63.17 2018
151 Serbia 62.86 2018
152 Mauritania 62.80 2012
153 Namibia 62.70 2018
154 Cabo Verde 62.50 2018
155 South Africa 62.36 2018
156 Bulgaria 61.93 2018
157 Uganda 61.84 2017
158 Rwanda 61.67 2018
159 Angola 61.06 2014
160 Libya 60.98 2012
161 France 60.34 2018
162 Guinea-Bissau 60.14 1988
163 Greece 60.03 2018
164 Algeria 60.01 2017
165 Malawi 59.90 2017
166 Jordan 59.70 2014
167 Italy 59.39 2018
168 Belgium 59.04 2018
169 Ghana 58.84 2017
170 Gabon 58.16 2010
171 Senegal 58.01 2015
172 Sierra Leone 57.65 2014
173 Croatia 57.40 2018
174 Monaco 57.19 2016
175 Comoros 57.01 2014
176 Nigeria 56.36 2016
177 Eswatini 55.85 2016
178 Samoa 54.99 2017
179 Nepal 53.84 2017
180 Kiribati 53.26 2015
181 Tajikistan 52.87 2016
182 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51.11 2019
183 Togo 49.38 2015
184 Puerto Rico 49.17 2015
185 Papua New Guinea 48.98 2010
186 Tonga 46.33 2003
187 Moldova 45.80 2018
188 Zambia 45.24 2017
189 Lao PDR 45.20 2017
190 São Tomé and Principe 41.55 2006

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.