Ratio of female to male labor force participation rate (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. Ratio of female to male labor force participation rate is calculated by dividing female labor force participation rate by male labor force participation rate and multiplying by 100.

Source: Derived using data from International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 St. Kitts and Nevis 119.27 2001
2 Belarus 108.37 2015
3 Equatorial Guinea 105.15 1994
4 Burundi 102.44 2014
5 Rwanda 100.36 2014
6 Qatar 99.40 2016
7 Mozambique 98.67 2015
8 Solomon Islands 97.95 2009
9 Dem. Rep. Congo 97.89 2005
10 Sierra Leone 97.74 2014
11 Papua New Guinea 97.35 2010
12 Zimbabwe 96.86 2014
13 Lao PDR 96.12 2010
14 Cayman Islands 95.74 2015
15 Togo 95.23 2011
16 Uganda 95.01 2013
17 Guinea 94.58 2002
18 Madagascar 93.72 2015
19 Greenland 93.71 2015
20 Sweden 93.68 2016
20 Benin 93.68 2011
22 Angola 93.63 2011
23 Ghana 93.29 2013
24 Norway 92.83 2016
25 Nepal 91.82 2014
26 The Bahamas 91.72 2013
27 Tanzania 90.92 2014
28 Iceland 90.89 2016
29 Azerbaijan 90.36 2016
30 Zambia 90.09 2010
31 Liberia 89.97 2010
32 Barbados 89.38 2016
33 Seychelles 89.26 2015
34 Moldova 88.33 2016
35 Vietnam 88.25 2016
36 Cambodia 88.17 2014
37 Finland 88.14 2016
38 Nigeria 87.65 2013
39 Kazakhstan 87.65 2008
40 Denmark 87.61 2016
41 Malawi 87.41 2013
42 Canada 87.20 2016
43 Kenya 86.73 2005
44 Macao SAR, China 86.50 2016
45 St. Lucia 86.19 2016
46 Israel 85.96 2016
47 New Zealand 85.66 2016
48 Uzbekistan 85.45 2007
49 New Caledonia 85.24 2014
50 France 85.15 2016
51 Slovenia 84.83 2016
52 Grenada 84.82 2015
53 Cyprus 84.68 2016
54 Antigua and Barbuda 84.65 2001
55 Netherlands 84.34 2016
56 Switzerland 84.30 2016
57 Namibia 84.24 2016
57 Lithuania 84.24 2016
59 Russia 83.97 2015
60 Australia 83.97 2016
61 United Kingdom 83.82 2016
62 Austria 83.68 2016
63 Vanuatu 83.61 2010
64 Germany 83.48 2016
65 Portugal 83.46 2016
66 Luxembourg 83.20 2016
67 Spain 82.43 2016
68 Jamaica 82.30 2016
69 Botswana 82.29 2013
70 United States 82.08 2016
71 Latvia 81.97 2016
72 China 81.46 2010
73 Belgium 81.43 2016
74 Mongolia 81.38 2016
75 Ukraine 81.21 2015
76 Paraguay 80.60 2016
77 Brunei 80.55 2014
78 Bulgaria 80.17 2016
79 Ethiopia 80.11 2016
80 Estonia 80.00 2016
81 Hong Kong SAR, China 79.94 2015
82 Chad 79.88 1993
83 Singapore 79.27 2016
84 Central African Republic 79.22 1988
85 Ireland 78.81 2016
86 Croatia 78.55 2016
87 Bhutan 78.51 2015
88 Thailand 78.43 2015
89 Kiribati 78.29 2010
90 Burkina Faso 78.15 2014
91 Peru 77.92 2016
92 Liechtenstein 77.47 2016
93 Lesotho 77.43 2013
94 San Marino 77.40 2016
95 Slovak Republic 77.24 2016
96 Palau 77.06 2005
97 Montenegro 77.02 2016
98 South Africa 76.57 2016
99 Uruguay 76.53 2016
100 Czech Republic 75.88 2016
101 Niger 75.39 2011
102 Greece 75.25 2016
103 Cameroon 74.85 2014
104 Hungary 74.65 2016
105 Poland 74.54 2016
106 Georgia 74.17 2016
107 Tonga 73.87 2003
108 Armenia 73.53 2016
109 The Gambia 73.47 2012
110 Serbia 73.46 2016
111 Albania 73.41 2015
112 Haiti 73.33 2012
113 Japan 71.45 2016
114 Colombia 71.32 2016
115 Brazil 70.90 2016
116 Korea 70.60 2016
117 Tajikistan 70.54 2004
118 Trinidad and Tobago 70.22 2015
119 Côte d'Ivoire 69.92 2016
120 Romania 69.81 2016
121 Monaco 69.58 2016
122 São Tomé and Principe 69.23 2006
123 Ecuador 69.07 2016
124 Tuvalu 68.82 2005
125 Bolivia 68.67 2015
126 Gabon 68.56 2010
127 Mali 68.26 2016
128 Italy 68.24 2016
129 Malaysia 67.71 2016
130 Chile 67.51 2016
131 Congo 66.87 2012
132 Argentina 65.88 2014
133 Cuba 65.79 2013
134 Suriname 65.56 2015
135 Kuwait 65.22 2016
136 Belize 64.91 2016
137 Panama 64.89 2016
138 Puerto Rico 64.84 2015
139 Myanmar 64.34 2015
140 Dominica 64.25 2001
141 Malta 64.23 2016
142 Swaziland 64.19 1997
143 Comoros 64.10 2004
144 Kyrgyz Republic 64.06 2016
145 Philippines 64.00 2016
146 Venezuela 63.89 2015
147 Dominican Republic 63.78 2016
148 Macedonia 62.57 2016
149 Nauru 62.48 2011
150 Indonesia 62.25 2016
151 Djibouti 62.12 1996
152 Mauritius 61.24 2016
153 Samoa 61.15 2014
154 Costa Rica 61.11 2016
155 El Salvador 60.08 2016
156 Senegal 58.84 2015
157 Nicaragua 57.62 2014
158 Bosnia and Herzegovina 57.17 2016
159 Mexico 55.86 2016
160 Honduras 55.46 2016
161 Libya 55.41 2012
162 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.83 1991
163 Fiji 54.41 2014
164 Timor-Leste 53.79 2013
165 United Arab Emirates 52.90 2016
166 Bahrain 50.06 2015
167 Cabo Verde 48.30 1990
168 Guatemala 48.03 2016
169 Sri Lanka 47.80 2016
170 Mauritania 45.07 2012
171 Turkey 45.00 2016
172 Guyana 43.44 2002
173 Bangladesh 41.81 2016
174 Somalia 40.41 1975
175 Oman 40.37 2016
176 Tunisia 37.88 2015
177 Morocco 34.71 2014
178 Egypt 33.05 2016
179 Sudan 31.51 2009
180 Lebanon 31.28 2009
181 Pakistan 30.36 2015
182 India 29.58 2012
183 Saudi Arabia 28.35 2016
184 Algeria 25.60 2016
185 Iran 23.15 2016
186 Jordan 21.11 2014
187 Syrian Arab Republic 20.79 2011
188 Iraq 20.03 2009
189 Yemen 9.17 2014
190 Afghanistan 7.02 1979
191 Guinea-Bissau 3.16 1988

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Development Relevance: Estimates of women in the labor force and employment are generally lower than those of men and are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic. In many low-income countries women often work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay, and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. In many high-income economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in employment and unemployment patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on the labor force are compiled by the ILO from labor force surveys, censuses, and establishment censuses and surveys. For some countries a combination of these sources is used. Labor force surveys are the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable labor force data. They can cover all non-institutionalized civilians, all branches and sectors of the economy, and all categories of workers, including people holding multiple jobs. By contrast, labor force data from population censuses are often based on a limited number of questions on the economic characteristics of individuals, with little scope to probe. The resulting data often differ from labor force survey data and vary considerably by country, depending on the census scope and coverage. Establishment censuses and surveys provide data only on the employed population, not unemployed workers, workers in small establishments, or workers in the informal sector. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. In countries, where the household is the basic unit of production and all members contribute to output, but some at low intensity or irregularly, the estimated labor force may be much smaller than the numbers actually working. Differing definitions of employment age also affect comparability. For most countries the working age is 15 and older, but in some countries children younger than 15 work full- or part-time and are included in the estimates. Similarly, some countries have an upper age limit. As a result, calculations may systematically over- or underestimate actual rates.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The labor force is the supply of labor available for producing goods and services in an economy. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.