Children in employment, total (% of children ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Guinea-Bissau 63.92 2014
2 Cameroon 62.00 2011
3 Sierra Leone 59.20 2013
4 Chad 55.90 2015
5 Burkina Faso 50.30 2010
6 Malawi 48.90 2015
7 Niger 48.50 2012
8 Nicaragua 47.75 2012
9 Somalia 43.50 2006
10 Nepal 42.83 2014
11 Dem. Rep. Congo 41.39 2014
12 Kyrgyz Republic 41.08 2014
13 Guinea 38.10 2012
14 Haiti 37.80 2012
15 Central African Republic 37.20 2010
16 Uganda 36.70 2012
17 Côte d'Ivoire 36.50 2012
18 Togo 35.23 2014
19 Nigeria 35.06 2011
20 Tanzania 34.73 2014
21 Kenya 34.44 2009
22 Zambia 34.40 2008
23 Burundi 31.90 2010
24 Georgia 31.80 2006
25 Congo 31.50 2012
26 Sudan 30.56 2014
27 Angola 30.10 2001
28 Mali 29.70 2013
29 Moldova 29.00 2009
30 Ghana 28.76 2012
31 South Africa 27.70 1999
32 Mozambique 27.40 2008
33 Ethiopia 26.10 2011
34 Madagascar 26.00 2007
35 Senegal 25.14 2015
36 Benin 24.10 2012
37 Gabon 24.00 2012
38 The Gambia 23.75 2015
39 Peru 22.57 2015
40 Timor-Leste 19.90 2007
41 North Macedonia 19.80 2011
42 Liberia 18.40 2010
43 Serbia 17.94 2014
44 Yemen 16.10 2010
45 Namibia 15.44 1999
46 Thailand 15.10 2006
47 Mongolia 14.70 2013
48 Mauritania 14.53 2011
49 Zimbabwe 14.30 1999
50 Bolivia 13.92 2015
51 Eswatini 13.30 2010
52 Dominican Republic 13.20 2014
53 Pakistan 13.00 2011
54 Cambodia 11.50 2012
55 Vietnam 10.90 2012
56 Sri Lanka 10.70 2009
57 Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.60 2006
58 Honduras 10.50 2014
59 Paraguay 10.42 2014
60 Armenia 9.90 2010
61 Afghanistan 9.30 2011
62 Philippines 9.00 2011
63 Tajikistan 8.90 2005
64 Lao PDR 8.60 2010
65 El Salvador 7.80 2013
66 Algeria 7.50 2013
67 Uruguay 7.30 2009
68 Guatemala 7.24 2015
69 Syrian Arab Republic 6.60 2006
70 Iraq 6.40 2011
71 Jamaica 6.20 2011
72 Rwanda 5.90 2014
73 Panama 5.62 2014
74 Mexico 5.61 2013
75 Ecuador 5.56 2015
76 Colombia 5.56 2015
77 Albania 5.50 2010
78 Azerbaijan 5.20 2005
79 Uzbekistan 5.10 2006
80 Argentina 5.03 2012
81 Bangladesh 5.00 2013
82 Ukraine 5.00 2012
83 Chile 4.50 2012
83 Morocco 4.50 2004
85 Venezuela 3.91 2013
86 Indonesia 3.70 2010
87 Portugal 3.64 2001
88 Kazakhstan 3.60 2006
89 Trinidad and Tobago 3.40 2006
89 Tunisia 3.40 2012
91 Egypt 2.90 2009
92 Turkey 2.60 2006
92 Lesotho 2.60 2002
94 Brazil 2.54 2015
95 Belarus 2.30 2012
96 India 1.70 2012
97 Romania 1.40 2000
98 Costa Rica 1.31 2016
99 Jordan 1.23 2016

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual