Children in employment, work only, male (% of male children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. Work only refers to children involved in economic activity and not attending school.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Morocco 90.50 1999
2 Lao PDR 87.93 2010
3 India 82.60 2012
4 Pakistan 80.21 2011
5 Bangladesh 64.73 2013
6 Burkina Faso 55.62 2010
7 Mali 53.90 2013
8 Egypt 52.00 2009
9 Niger 50.40 2012
10 Senegal 47.71 2015
11 Indonesia 46.40 2010
12 Afghanistan 46.17 2011
13 Somalia 46.10 2006
14 Honduras 45.64 2014
15 Mauritania 45.23 2011
16 Guinea 45.10 2012
17 Chad 43.91 2015
18 Madagascar 43.00 2007
19 Guatemala 37.84 2015
20 Venezuela 37.14 2013
21 Syrian Arab Republic 35.80 2006
22 Ethiopia 35.45 2011
23 Côte d'Ivoire 35.19 2012
24 Timor-Leste 34.50 2007
25 Turkey 33.50 2006
26 Jordan 33.20 2007
27 Kenya 33.16 2009
28 Tanzania 30.66 2014
29 Benin 28.80 2012
30 Sierra Leone 28.10 2013
31 Iraq 26.90 2011
32 The Gambia 26.20 2008
33 Yemen 26.12 2010
34 Rwanda 25.00 2014
34 Romania 25.00 2000
36 Angola 24.70 2001
37 Cambodia 23.60 2012
38 Lesotho 23.55 2000
39 Costa Rica 23.15 2011
40 Guinea-Bissau 22.67 2014
41 Peru 22.60 2015
42 Sudan 22.42 2014
43 Liberia 22.32 2010
44 Vietnam 20.90 2012
45 Nigeria 20.46 2011
46 Zambia 18.79 2008
47 Burundi 18.05 2010
48 El Salvador 17.63 2013
49 Philippines 17.50 2011
50 Mozambique 17.30 2008
51 Central African Republic 17.13 2010
52 Nicaragua 16.80 2012
53 Mexico 15.50 2013
54 Panama 15.41 2014
55 Belize 14.55 2001
56 Colombia 12.96 2014
57 Zimbabwe 12.80 1999
58 Ghana 12.69 2012
59 Namibia 12.34 1999
60 Cameroon 12.30 2011
61 Uruguay 12.18 2009
62 Togo 11.54 2014
63 Tunisia 10.90 2012
64 Ecuador 10.48 2015
65 Paraguay 10.21 2014
66 Haiti 7.69 2012
67 Bolivia 7.61 2013
68 Dem. Rep. Congo 7.39 2014
69 Uganda 7.18 2012
70 Nepal 7.14 2014
71 Dominican Republic 6.93 2014
72 Azerbaijan 6.30 2005
73 Tajikistan 6.10 2005
74 Mongolia 5.84 2013
75 Malawi 5.57 2014
76 Brazil 5.11 2014
77 Thailand 4.90 2005
78 Congo 4.80 2012
79 Argentina 4.73 2012
80 South Africa 4.70 1999
81 Sri Lanka 4.38 2009
82 Albania 4.35 2010
83 Gabon 4.25 2012
84 Trinidad and Tobago 4.20 2006
85 Algeria 4.05 2013
86 Portugal 3.58 2001
87 Swaziland 3.05 2010
88 Ukraine 2.30 2012
89 Serbia 1.35 2014
90 Kazakhstan 1.20 2006
90 Chile 1.20 2012
92 Georgia 1.00 2006
93 Macedonia 0.79 2011
94 Kyrgyz Republic 0.26 2014
95 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.20 2006
96 Jamaica 0.00 2011
96 Belarus 0.00 2012
96 Armenia 0.00 2010
96 Moldova 0.00 2009
96 Uzbekistan 0.00 2005

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual