Children in employment, work only, female (% of female children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. Work only refers to children involved in economic activity and not attending school.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Morocco 96.20 1999
2 Pakistan 95.16 2011
3 Lao PDR 90.51 2010
4 India 82.30 2012
5 Egypt 71.20 2009
6 Somalia 62.00 2006
7 Afghanistan 60.69 2011
8 Niger 59.10 2012
9 Burkina Faso 58.39 2010
10 The Gambia 55.95 2015
11 Mali 55.90 2013
12 Chad 54.74 2015
13 Guinea 54.40 2012
14 Turkey 48.50 2006
15 Bangladesh 48.41 2013
16 Yemen 48.40 2010
17 Iraq 47.40 2011
18 Côte d'Ivoire 47.22 2012
19 Mauritania 41.90 2011
20 Guatemala 41.83 2015
21 Indonesia 41.40 2010
22 Timor-Leste 39.00 2007
23 Madagascar 38.30 2007
24 Benin 36.30 2012
25 Senegal 36.30 2015
26 Ethiopia 34.55 2011
27 Central African Republic 32.42 2010
28 Syrian Arab Republic 32.10 2006
29 Kenya 31.78 2009
30 Honduras 31.24 2014
31 Sudan 29.41 2014
32 Angola 28.40 2001
33 Tanzania 27.63 2014
34 Liberia 26.34 2010
35 Nigeria 26.26 2011
36 Guinea-Bissau 25.86 2014
37 Peru 25.66 2015
38 Sierra Leone 25.30 2013
39 Tunisia 22.20 2012
40 Togo 19.32 2014
41 Mozambique 19.15 2008
42 Belize 19.00 2001
43 Cambodia 18.60 2012
44 Burundi 18.46 2010
45 Zambia 18.35 2008
46 Cameroon 17.90 2011
47 Venezuela 17.05 2013
48 Rwanda 16.70 2014
49 Vietnam 16.60 2012
50 Romania 14.00 2000
51 Nicaragua 13.75 2012
52 Dem. Rep. Congo 13.31 2014
53 Costa Rica 13.21 2016
54 Mexico 12.39 2013
55 Tajikistan 12.10 2005
56 Zimbabwe 11.40 1999
57 Ghana 11.24 2012
58 El Salvador 10.89 2013
59 Nepal 10.21 2014
60 Lesotho 10.14 2000
61 Panama 8.93 2014
62 Philippines 8.30 2011
63 Uruguay 7.64 2009
64 Haiti 7.54 2012
65 Malawi 7.04 2015
66 Namibia 6.36 1999
67 Azerbaijan 6.30 2005
68 Albania 6.24 2010
69 Uganda 6.07 2012
70 Paraguay 6.00 2014
71 Colombia 5.79 2015
72 Bolivia 5.68 2015
73 South Africa 5.50 1999
74 Ecuador 5.38 2015
75 Algeria 5.13 2013
76 Congo 5.10 2012
77 Argentina 4.79 2012
78 Portugal 3.66 2001
79 Brazil 3.64 2015
80 Thailand 3.50 2005
81 Kazakhstan 2.30 2006
82 North Macedonia 2.24 2011
83 Uzbekistan 2.10 2005
84 Jordan 2.03 2016
85 Eswatini 1.68 2010
86 Gabon 1.53 2012
87 Sri Lanka 1.29 2009
88 Georgia 1.10 2006
89 Dominican Republic 1.09 2014
90 Mongolia 0.87 2013
91 Kyrgyz Republic 0.34 2014
92 Ukraine 0.30 2012
93 Chile 0.20 2012
94 Moldova 0.00 2009
94 Belarus 0.00 2012
94 Trinidad and Tobago 0.00 2006
94 Armenia 0.00 2010
94 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.00 2006
94 Serbia 0.00 2014
94 Jamaica 0.00 2011

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual