Children in employment, study and work (% of children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. Study and work refer to children attending school in combination with economic activity.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Armenia 100.00 2010
1 Moldova 100.00 2009
1 Jamaica 100.00 2011
1 Belarus 100.00 2012
5 Bosnia and Herzegovina 99.90 2006
6 Kyrgyz Republic 99.71 2014
7 Serbia 99.15 2014
8 Chile 99.10 2012
9 Uzbekistan 99.00 2006
9 Georgia 99.00 2006
11 Ukraine 98.70 2012
12 Macedonia 98.55 2011
13 Kazakhstan 98.40 2006
14 Swaziland 97.56 2010
15 Trinidad and Tobago 97.40 2006
16 Gabon 97.09 2012
17 Sri Lanka 96.83 2009
18 Portugal 96.40 2001
19 Mongolia 96.22 2013
20 Thailand 95.80 2006
21 Brazil 95.54 2014
22 Algeria 95.49 2013
23 Argentina 95.25 2012
24 Dominican Republic 95.20 2014
25 Malawi 95.18 2014
26 Congo 95.00 2012
27 South Africa 94.90 1999
27 Albania 94.90 2010
29 Azerbaijan 93.70 2005
30 Uganda 93.38 2012
31 Bolivia 92.61 2013
32 Haiti 92.38 2012
33 Ecuador 91.78 2015
34 Nepal 91.25 2014
35 Tajikistan 91.00 2005
36 Paraguay 90.71 2014
37 Namibia 90.51 1999
38 Dem. Rep. Congo 89.48 2014
39 Uruguay 89.34 2009
40 Colombia 88.84 2014
41 Ghana 88.02 2012
42 Zimbabwe 88.00 1999
43 Panama 86.90 2014
44 Philippines 86.10 2011
45 Mexico 85.54 2013
46 Togo 85.08 2014
47 Cameroon 85.00 2011
48 Tunisia 84.60 2012
49 Nicaragua 84.42 2012
50 El Salvador 84.32 2013
51 Mozambique 81.75 2008
52 Burundi 81.74 2010
53 Zambia 81.42 2008
54 Vietnam 81.00 2012
55 Costa Rica 80.98 2011
56 Romania 79.30 2000
57 Rwanda 79.20 2014
58 Cambodia 78.90 2012
59 Nigeria 76.55 2011
60 Liberia 76.07 2010
61 Peru 75.93 2015
62 Guinea-Bissau 75.79 2014
63 Central African Republic 75.19 2010
64 Sudan 74.50 2014
65 The Gambia 74.40 2008
66 Angola 73.40 2001
67 Sierra Leone 73.20 2013
68 Jordan 72.20 2007
69 Tanzania 70.78 2014
70 Venezuela 68.87 2013
71 Benin 67.60 2012
72 Kenya 67.51 2009
73 Iraq 66.40 2011
74 Syrian Arab Republic 65.40 2006
75 Ethiopia 64.88 2011
76 Yemen 64.03 2010
77 Timor-Leste 63.40 2007
78 Turkey 61.20 2006
79 Guatemala 61.03 2015
80 Madagascar 59.10 2007
81 Côte d'Ivoire 58.85 2012
82 Honduras 58.25 2014
83 Mauritania 56.29 2011
84 Indonesia 55.60 2010
85 Senegal 55.26 2015
86 Chad 50.73 2015
87 Guinea 50.50 2012
88 Afghanistan 50.00 2011
89 Somalia 46.50 2006
90 Niger 45.50 2012
91 Mali 45.20 2013
92 Egypt 45.00 2009
93 Burkina Faso 43.17 2010
94 Bangladesh 41.93 2013
95 Lesotho 25.60 2002
96 India 17.50 2012
97 Morocco 15.50 2004
98 Pakistan 12.55 2011
99 Lao PDR 10.65 2010

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual