Children in employment, study and work, female (% of female children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey. Study and work refer to children attending school in combination with economic activity.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Moldova 100.00 2009
1 Jamaica 100.00 2011
1 Armenia 100.00 2010
1 Serbia 100.00 2014
1 Bosnia and Herzegovina 100.00 2006
1 Belarus 100.00 2012
1 Trinidad and Tobago 100.00 2006
8 Chile 99.80 2012
9 Ukraine 99.70 2012
10 Kyrgyz Republic 99.66 2014
11 Mongolia 99.13 2013
12 Dominican Republic 98.91 2014
13 Georgia 98.90 2006
14 Sri Lanka 98.71 2009
15 Gabon 98.47 2012
16 Swaziland 98.32 2010
17 Uzbekistan 97.90 2005
18 Macedonia 97.76 2011
19 Kazakhstan 97.70 2006
20 Brazil 97.05 2014
21 Thailand 96.50 2005
22 Portugal 96.34 2001
23 Malawi 96.03 2014
24 Jordan 95.50 2007
25 Argentina 95.21 2012
26 Congo 94.90 2012
27 Algeria 94.87 2013
28 Ecuador 94.62 2015
29 South Africa 94.50 1999
30 Paraguay 94.00 2014
31 Uganda 93.93 2012
32 Albania 93.76 2010
33 Azerbaijan 93.70 2005
34 Namibia 93.64 1999
35 Bolivia 92.81 2013
36 Colombia 92.69 2014
37 Haiti 92.46 2012
38 Uruguay 92.36 2009
39 Philippines 91.70 2011
40 Panama 91.07 2014
41 Costa Rica 90.22 2011
42 Lesotho 89.86 2000
43 Nepal 89.79 2014
44 El Salvador 89.11 2013
45 Ghana 88.76 2012
46 Zimbabwe 88.60 1999
47 Tajikistan 87.90 2005
48 Mexico 87.61 2013
49 Dem. Rep. Congo 86.69 2014
50 Nicaragua 86.25 2012
51 Romania 86.00 2000
52 Vietnam 83.40 2012
53 Rwanda 83.30 2014
54 Venezuela 82.95 2013
55 Cameroon 82.10 2011
56 Zambia 81.65 2008
57 Burundi 81.54 2010
58 Cambodia 81.40 2012
59 Belize 81.00 2001
60 Mozambique 80.85 2008
61 Togo 80.68 2014
62 Tunisia 77.80 2012
63 The Gambia 75.10 2008
64 Sierra Leone 74.70 2013
65 Peru 74.34 2015
66 Guinea-Bissau 74.14 2014
67 Nigeria 73.74 2011
68 Liberia 73.66 2010
69 Tanzania 72.37 2014
70 Angola 71.60 2001
71 Sudan 70.59 2014
72 Honduras 68.76 2014
73 Kenya 68.22 2009
74 Syrian Arab Republic 67.90 2006
75 Central African Republic 67.58 2010
76 Ethiopia 65.45 2011
77 Senegal 63.70 2015
78 Benin 63.70 2012
79 Madagascar 61.70 2007
80 Timor-Leste 61.00 2007
81 Indonesia 58.60 2010
82 Guatemala 58.17 2015
83 Mauritania 58.10 2011
84 Côte d'Ivoire 52.78 2012
85 Iraq 52.60 2011
86 Yemen 51.60 2010
87 Bangladesh 51.59 2013
88 Turkey 51.50 2006
89 Guinea 45.60 2012
90 Chad 45.26 2015
91 Mali 44.10 2013
92 Burkina Faso 41.61 2010
93 Niger 40.90 2012
94 Afghanistan 39.31 2011
95 Somalia 38.00 2006
96 Egypt 28.80 2009
97 India 17.70 2012
98 Lao PDR 9.49 2010
99 Pakistan 4.84 2011
100 Morocco 3.80 1999

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual