Children in employment, self-employed, female (% of female children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Self-employed workers are people whose remuneration depends directly on the profits derived from the goods and services they produce, with or without other employees, and include employers, own-account workers, and members of producers cooperatives.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Dominican Republic 23.62 2012
2 Venezuela 20.31 2013
3 Trinidad and Tobago 19.56 2006
4 Liberia 18.04 2010
5 Uruguay 17.93 2009
6 Lao PDR 17.88 2010
7 Sudan 17.49 2008
8 Mali 16.02 2007
9 Colombia 15.50 2014
10 Pakistan 14.30 2011
11 Paraguay 13.87 2014
12 Rwanda 13.53 2011
13 Argentina 13.39 2012
14 Uganda 11.79 2012
15 Togo 8.73 2010
16 South Africa 8.72 1999
17 Honduras 8.61 2014
18 Costa Rica 8.30 2011
19 India 6.59 2012
20 Vietnam 6.03 2012
21 Bangladesh 5.84 2013
22 Nepal 5.71 2008
23 Panama 5.61 2014
24 Mexico 5.48 2013
25 Nicaragua 5.35 2012
26 Brazil 5.26 2014
27 Niger 4.75 2009
28 Guatemala 4.43 2015
29 Guinea 4.16 2010
30 Senegal 3.99 2011
31 Cambodia 3.88 2012
32 Kyrgyz Republic 3.81 2014
33 El Salvador 3.59 2013
34 Philippines 3.30 2011
35 Peru 3.16 2007
36 Zambia 3.03 2008
37 Tanzania 2.52 2014
38 Zimbabwe 2.50 1999
39 Burkina Faso 2.46 2006
40 Azerbaijan 2.20 2005
41 Cameroon 1.92 2007
42 Romania 1.87 2000
43 Albania 1.77 2010
44 Sri Lanka 1.75 2009
45 Turkey 1.70 2006
46 Ghana 1.56 2012
47 Mongolia 1.49 2012
48 Indonesia 1.23 2010
49 Yemen 1.03 2010
50 Bolivia 0.93 2013
51 Ecuador 0.14 2015
52 Jordan 0.00 2007
52 Moldova 0.00 2009
52 Madagascar 0.00 2007
52 Namibia 0.00 1999

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual