Child employment in manufacturing (% of economically active children ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment by economic activity refers to the distribution of economically active children by the major industrial categories of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC). Manufacturing corresponds to division 3 (ISIC revision 2), category D (ISIC revision 3), or category C (ISIC revision 4). Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 India 27.57 2012
2 Bangladesh 27.33 2013
3 Morocco 17.91 2004
4 Dominican Republic 15.32 2012
5 Sri Lanka 15.28 2009
6 Turkey 14.29 2006
7 Cambodia 13.30 2012
8 Colombia 12.46 2014
9 Mexico 11.68 2013
10 Guatemala 11.44 2015
11 Portugal 11.16 2001
12 El Salvador 11.10 2013
13 Indonesia 9.90 2010
14 Egypt 9.55 2009
15 Venezuela 9.37 2013
16 Honduras 9.35 2014
17 Paraguay 8.57 2014
18 Uruguay 8.47 2009
19 Jordan 8.23 2007
20 Nicaragua 8.10 2012
21 Brazil 6.76 2014
22 Costa Rica 6.73 2011
23 Pakistan 6.72 2011
24 Bolivia 6.55 2013
25 Vietnam 5.90 2012
26 Peru 4.96 2007
27 Ecuador 4.91 2015
28 Mali 4.71 2007
29 Philippines 4.32 2011
30 Belize 3.77 2001
31 Niger 3.34 2009
32 Ghana 3.32 2012
33 Nigeria 3.30 2010
34 Cameroon 3.14 2007
35 Panama 2.96 2014
36 Madagascar 2.93 2007
37 Chile 2.89 2012
38 Senegal 2.81 2011
39 Liberia 2.78 2010
40 Togo 2.74 2010
41 Lao PDR 2.12 2010
42 Mongolia 2.02 2012
43 Guinea 1.70 2010
44 Kenya 1.48 1999
45 Ethiopia 1.48 2005
46 Burkina Faso 1.42 2006
47 Nepal 1.39 2008
48 Albania 1.26 2010
49 Uganda 1.09 2012
50 Yemen 1.08 2010
51 Rwanda 0.85 2014
52 Sierra Leone 0.78 2007
53 Azerbaijan 0.70 2005
54 Zambia 0.65 2008
55 Sudan 0.61 2008
56 Namibia 0.39 1999
57 Tanzania 0.29 2014
58 Kyrgyz Republic 0.28 2014
59 Moldova 0.05 2009
60 Lesotho 0.00 2002
60 Romania 0.00 2000
60 Timor-Leste 0.00 2001

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business).

Periodicity: Annual