Child employment in manufacturing, male (% of male economically active children ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment by economic activity refers to the distribution of economically active children by the major industrial categories of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC). Manufacturing corresponds to division 3 (ISIC revision 2), category D (ISIC revision 3), or category C (ISIC revision 4). Economically active children refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 India 29.25 2012
2 Bangladesh 27.58 2013
3 Morocco 23.40 2004
4 Dominican Republic 19.10 2012
5 Sri Lanka 14.35 2009
6 Turkey 12.70 2006
7 Cambodia 11.88 2012
8 Portugal 11.40 2001
9 Mexico 11.15 2013
10 Egypt 10.48 2009
11 Jordan 10.14 2007
12 Paraguay 10.12 2014
13 Colombia 9.45 2014
14 Venezuela 9.25 2013
15 Pakistan 9.00 2011
16 Uruguay 8.15 2009
17 El Salvador 7.30 2013
18 Indonesia 7.01 2010
19 Guatemala 6.90 2015
20 Nicaragua 6.35 2012
21 Jamaica 6.19 2002
22 Brazil 5.84 2014
23 Bolivia 5.77 2013
24 Honduras 5.62 2014
25 Peru 4.52 2007
26 Ecuador 4.27 2015
27 Vietnam 3.91 2012
28 Togo 3.78 2010
29 Senegal 3.32 2011
30 Philippines 3.09 2011
31 Ghana 3.05 2012
32 Mali 2.67 2007
33 Chile 2.53 2012
34 Kenya 2.53 1999
35 Niger 2.39 2009
36 Liberia 2.34 2010
37 Costa Rica 2.22 2011
38 Cameroon 2.14 2007
39 Lao PDR 1.93 2010
40 Panama 1.77 2014
41 Guinea 1.74 2010
42 Yemen 1.65 2010
43 Mongolia 1.55 2012
44 Burkina Faso 1.44 2006
45 Madagascar 1.37 2007
46 Uganda 1.30 2012
47 Nepal 1.27 2008
48 Albania 1.19 2010
49 Rwanda 1.03 2014
50 Sierra Leone 0.87 2007
51 Azerbaijan 0.70 2005
52 Sudan 0.69 2008
53 Ethiopia 0.60 2005
53 Nigeria 0.60 2010
55 Zambia 0.55 2008
56 Namibia 0.43 1999
57 Kyrgyz Republic 0.24 2014
58 Tanzania 0.14 2014
59 Moldova 0.00 2009
59 Romania 0.00 2000

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business).

Periodicity: Annual