Informal employment, male (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Nepal 99.50 2008
2 Benin 95.10 2011
3 Mali 94.80 2015
4 Niger 93.10 2011
5 Senegal 92.20 2015
6 Cambodia 91.10 2012
7 Côte d'Ivoire 90.70 2016
8 Uganda 89.60 2012
9 Ghana 88.80 2013
10 Tanzania 88.70 2014
11 Bangladesh 87.70 2013
12 India 86.10 2012
13 Myanmar 83.60 2015
14 Indonesia 83.40 2016
15 Bolivia 82.90 2015
16 Liberia 81.60 2010
17 Honduras 81.20 2016
18 Pakistan 79.90 2015
19 Guatemala 79.70 2016
20 Angola 77.20 2011
21 Yemen 77.00 2014
22 Paraguay 71.70 2016
23 The Gambia 70.30 2012
24 Timor-Leste 69.10 2013
25 El Salvador 67.10 2016
26 Namibia 66.10 2016
27 Peru 63.90 2016
28 Egypt 63.30 2016
29 Colombia 62.50 2016
30 Ecuador 59.30 2016
31 Dominican Republic 57.40 2015
32 Mexico 56.90 2016
33 Mongolia 54.00 2016
34 Armenia 52.80 2015
35 Samoa 51.80 2012
36 Argentina 47.10 2014
37 Costa Rica 41.30 2016
38 Chile 39.00 2016
39 Brunei 35.10 2014
40 South Africa 32.80 2016
41 Uruguay 25.20 2016
42 Serbia 23.40 2016

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Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Harmonized series