Informal employment, male (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Dem. Rep. Congo 95.32 2005
2 Comoros 91.99 2014
3 Bangladesh 91.16 2017
4 Burundi 90.17 2014
5 Benin 90.16 2011
6 Senegal 88.16 2015
7 Togo 88.09 2014
8 Mali 87.40 2016
9 Cambodia 87.27 2012
10 Liberia 85.52 2014
11 Mozambique 83.86 2015
12 Haiti 81.62 2012
13 Uganda 81.25 2012
14 India 81.15 2018
15 Sudan 80.78 2011
16 Côte d'Ivoire 80.24 2017
17 Madagascar 78.83 2015
18 Myanmar 78.29 2018
19 Cameroon 78.07 2014
20 Niger 76.41 2011
21 Ghana 75.88 2015
22 Bolivia 75.58 2018
23 Indonesia 75.54 2018
24 Nepal 75.38 2017
25 Lao PDR 71.98 2017
26 Honduras 71.71 2017
27 Pakistan 71.05 2018
28 Nicaragua 70.66 2012
29 Yemen 68.66 2014
30 Sri Lanka 68.65 2016
31 Rwanda 68.55 2018
32 Guatemala 68.46 2017
33 Tanzania 68.25 2014
34 Ecuador 63.28 2018
35 The Gambia 62.02 2012
36 Paraguay 61.94 2018
37 Angola 59.30 2011
38 Zambia 59.20 2017
39 Guyana 59.09 2017
40 Vietnam 59.03 2018
41 Mexico 58.33 2004
42 El Salvador 56.68 2018
43 Cabo Verde 55.92 2015
44 Colombia 55.52 2018
45 Mauritius 55.44 2018
46 Egypt 55.41 2017
47 Zimbabwe 55.06 2011
48 Dominican Republic 54.79 2017
49 Peru 52.44 2017
50 Timor-Leste 52.13 2013
51 Thailand 50.47 2018
52 Eswatini 49.97 2016
53 Argentina 47.70 2018
54 Panama 44.90 2018
55 Namibia 43.41 2018
56 Brazil 39.37 2015
57 Albania 38.62 2013
58 Mongolia 35.11 2018
59 Brunei 33.69 2017
60 South Africa 33.56 2018
61 Costa Rica 31.49 2018
62 Armenia 29.03 2017
63 Chile 25.95 2018
64 Uruguay 24.42 2018
65 Samoa 21.66 2017
66 Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.84 2019
67 Serbia 15.42 2018

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Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Harmonized series