Informal employment, female (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Nepal 99.90 2008
2 Mali 98.70 2015
3 Benin 98.50 2011
4 Niger 98.20 2011
5 Côte d'Ivoire 95.90 2016
6 Cambodia 95.70 2012
7 Senegal 95.20 2015
7 Ghana 95.20 2013
9 Uganda 94.10 2012
10 Bangladesh 93.70 2013
11 Tanzania 93.00 2014
12 Pakistan 92.30 2015
13 Liberia 91.80 2010
14 Angola 91.30 2011
15 Myanmar 88.80 2015
16 India 87.90 2012
17 Indonesia 85.80 2016
18 Bolivia 85.70 2015
19 The Gambia 84.40 2012
20 Yemen 82.20 2014
21 Guatemala 80.70 2016
22 Honduras 78.90 2016
23 Timor-Leste 76.40 2013
24 Peru 74.10 2016
25 Paraguay 72.80 2016
25 El Salvador 72.80 2016
27 Namibia 67.90 2016
28 Ecuador 63.40 2016
29 Colombia 61.20 2016
30 Mexico 58.00 2016
31 Egypt 57.30 2016
32 Dominican Republic 52.20 2015
33 Armenia 51.40 2015
34 Samoa 49.00 2012
35 Mongolia 46.90 2016
36 Argentina 46.50 2014
37 Costa Rica 44.30 2016
38 Chile 41.20 2016
39 South Africa 36.30 2016
40 Brunei 30.20 2014
41 Serbia 25.20 2016
42 Uruguay 23.80 2016

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Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Harmonized series