Informal employment, female (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Dem. Rep. Congo 97.88 2005
2 Benin 97.70 2011
3 Liberia 95.22 2014
4 Niger 95.06 2011
5 Togo 94.53 2014
6 Mali 94.25 2016
7 Cambodia 94.18 2012
8 Haiti 93.76 2012
9 Senegal 93.48 2015
10 Mozambique 92.25 2015
11 Bangladesh 91.86 2017
12 Côte d'Ivoire 90.06 2017
13 Comoros 89.91 2014
14 Madagascar 88.62 2015
15 Ghana 88.32 2015
16 Cameroon 88.02 2014
17 Burundi 87.32 2014
18 Uganda 86.17 2012
19 Nepal 82.43 2017
20 Bolivia 80.26 2018
21 Myanmar 79.69 2018
22 Lao PDR 79.63 2017
23 Angola 79.53 2011
24 Honduras 79.34 2017
25 Nicaragua 78.69 2012
26 Guatemala 78.25 2017
27 Indonesia 77.81 2018
28 The Gambia 77.61 2012
29 Tanzania 76.11 2014
30 India 76.02 2018
31 Zambia 74.61 2017
32 Zimbabwe 72.91 2011
33 Pakistan 72.57 2018
34 El Salvador 69.59 2018
35 Rwanda 68.94 2018
36 Paraguay 67.69 2018
37 Ecuador 66.79 2018
38 Peru 66.08 2017
39 Mexico 64.20 2004
40 Yemen 63.35 2014
41 Sri Lanka 60.54 2016
42 Sudan 60.19 2011
43 Cabo Verde 59.59 2015
44 Colombia 59.28 2018
45 Timor-Leste 57.17 2013
46 Eswatini 56.88 2016
47 Dominican Republic 52.72 2017
48 Thailand 52.48 2018
49 Mauritius 50.44 2018
50 Namibia 50.38 2018
51 Vietnam 50.23 2018
52 Argentina 48.72 2018
53 Guyana 46.24 2017
54 Panama 45.71 2018
55 Costa Rica 42.66 2018
56 Egypt 40.98 2017
57 South Africa 37.12 2018
58 Brazil 36.91 2015
59 Brunei 30.72 2017
60 Chile 29.94 2018
61 Mongolia 26.37 2018
62 Albania 24.13 2013
63 Uruguay 22.42 2018
64 Samoa 20.62 2017
65 Armenia 19.57 2017
66 Bosnia and Herzegovina 12.58 2019
67 Serbia 12.21 2018

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Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Harmonized series