Contributing family workers, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Burkina Faso 47.70 2017
2 Nepal 41.00 2017
3 Madagascar 39.90 2017
4 Tanzania 38.80 2017
5 Mozambique 34.20 2017
6 Bhutan 32.90 2017
7 Zambia 31.80 2017
8 Solomon Islands 31.60 2017
9 Albania 30.00 2017
10 Lao PDR 29.00 2017
11 Chad 28.30 2017
12 Afghanistan 27.30 2017
13 Kenya 26.70 2017
14 Cameroon 25.40 2017
15 Timor-Leste 25.00 2017
16 Georgia 23.80 2017
16 Papua New Guinea 23.80 2017
18 Uganda 23.50 2017
19 Pakistan 22.80 2017
20 Myanmar 22.30 2017
21 Senegal 22.00 2017
22 Morocco 21.90 2017
23 Ghana 20.80 2017
23 Azerbaijan 20.80 2017
25 Thailand 18.50 2017
26 Bangladesh 18.30 2017
27 Tonga 17.80 2017
28 The Gambia 17.00 2017
28 Turkmenistan 17.00 2017
30 Côte d'Ivoire 15.80 2017
31 Vietnam 15.70 2017
32 Indonesia 14.80 2017
33 Mali 14.40 2017
34 Fiji 13.90 2017
35 Benin 13.20 2017
36 Nicaragua 13.10 2017
36 Dem. Rep. Congo 13.10 2017
38 India 12.50 2017
39 Honduras 12.20 2017
40 Egypt 11.90 2017
41 Ecuador 11.80 2017
42 Guinea 11.50 2017
43 Liberia 11.20 2017
43 Iraq 11.20 2017
45 Lesotho 10.90 2017
45 Turkey 10.90 2017
47 Ethiopia 10.80 2017
48 Peru 10.30 2017
49 Sierra Leone 9.40 2017
49 Vanuatu 9.40 2017
51 China 9.10 2017
51 Philippines 9.10 2017
53 Romania 8.90 2017
54 Kyrgyz Republic 8.70 2017
55 Libya 8.60 2017
56 Paraguay 8.50 2017
57 Guatemala 8.40 2017
58 Serbia 8.30 2017
59 Rwanda 8.10 2017
60 Sri Lanka 7.40 2017
60 Angola 7.40 2017
62 Armenia 7.10 2017
63 Burundi 6.90 2017
63 El Salvador 6.90 2017
65 Cabo Verde 6.80 2017
66 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 6.30 2017
67 Venezuela 6.20 2017
68 Malawi 6.10 2017
69 Bolivia 5.70 2017
70 Namibia 5.10 2017
71 Cambodia 4.90 2017
71 Belize 4.90 2017
73 Mexico 4.80 2017
74 Iran 4.60 2017
74 Guyana 4.60 2017
76 Lebanon 4.30 2017
77 Korea 4.20 2017
77 Malaysia 4.20 2017
77 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.20 2017
77 Botswana 4.20 2017
77 Equatorial Guinea 4.20 2017
82 Haiti 3.90 2017
83 Greece 3.80 2017
84 Colombia 3.70 2017
85 Tunisia 3.40 2017
85 Togo 3.40 2017
87 Chile 3.30 2017
88 Panama 3.20 2017
89 Poland 2.70 2017
89 Uzbekistan 2.70 2017
91 Mauritania 2.60 2017
92 Brazil 2.50 2017
92 Montenegro 2.50 2017
94 Slovenia 2.40 2017
94 Djibouti 2.40 2017
94 Croatia 2.40 2017
97 Japan 2.30 2017
97 Mongolia 2.30 2017
97 Syrian Arab Republic 2.30 2017
100 Mauritius 2.20 2017
101 Congo 2.00 2017
102 Tajikistan 1.90 2017
102 Switzerland 1.90 2017
104 Sudan 1.80 2017
104 Algeria 1.80 2017
106 Comoros 1.70 2017
107 Austria 1.50 2017
108 Macedonia 1.40 2017
109 Italy 1.30 2017
109 Lithuania 1.30 2017
111 Samoa 1.20 2017
111 Cyprus 1.20 2017
111 Dominican Republic 1.20 2017
114 Uruguay 1.00 2017
114 Jamaica 1.00 2017
116 Zimbabwe 0.90 2017
117 Denmark 0.80 2017
117 Belgium 0.80 2017
117 Latvia 0.80 2017
117 Luxembourg 0.80 2017
117 New Zealand 0.80 2017
117 St. Lucia 0.80 2017
117 Niger 0.80 2017
124 Eritrea 0.70 2017
124 Swaziland 0.70 2017
124 Bulgaria 0.70 2017
124 Nigeria 0.70 2017
124 Ireland 0.70 2017
124 Guinea-Bissau 0.70 2017
130 Portugal 0.60 2017
130 Gabon 0.60 2017
130 Argentina 0.60 2017
133 Puerto Rico 0.50 2017
133 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.50 2017
133 Spain 0.50 2017
133 Brunei 0.50 2017
133 Macao SAR, China 0.50 2017
133 Finland 0.50 2017
133 Czech Republic 0.50 2017
133 Suriname 0.50 2017
141 Singapore 0.40 2017
141 Bahrain 0.40 2017
141 France 0.40 2017
141 United Kingdom 0.40 2017
141 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.40 2017
141 Netherlands 0.40 2017
141 Central African Republic 0.40 2017
141 Germany 0.40 2017
141 Oman 0.40 2017
141 Russia 0.40 2017
151 Trinidad and Tobago 0.30 2017
151 Jordan 0.30 2017
151 The Bahamas 0.30 2017
151 Ukraine 0.30 2017
151 Sweden 0.30 2017
151 South Africa 0.30 2017
151 Hungary 0.30 2017
158 Moldova 0.20 2017
158 New Caledonia 0.20 2017
158 Yemen 0.20 2017
158 Norway 0.20 2017
158 Costa Rica 0.20 2017
158 Australia 0.20 2017
158 Slovak Republic 0.20 2017
158 São Tomé and Principe 0.20 2017
158 Somalia 0.20 2017
167 Belarus 0.10 2017
167 Estonia 0.10 2017
167 Canada 0.10 2017
167 Barbados 0.10 2017
167 Israel 0.10 2017
167 Cuba 0.10 2017
167 United States 0.10 2017
167 Kazakhstan 0.10 2017
175 Iceland 0.00 2017
175 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2017
175 Qatar 0.00 2017
175 United Arab Emirates 0.00 2017
175 Kuwait 0.00 2017
175 Malta 0.00 2017

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Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections.