Children in employment, unpaid family workers (% of children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Unpaid family workers are people who work without pay in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Mongolia 97.62 2012
2 Armenia 97.53 2010
3 Moldova 97.44 2009
4 Ghana 96.90 2012
5 Kyrgyz Republic 96.32 2014
6 Tanzania 96.23 2014
7 Namibia 94.96 1999
8 Somalia 94.79 2006
9 Albania 94.28 2010
10 Ecuador 93.18 2015
11 Zambia 93.10 2008
12 Sri Lanka 92.90 2009
13 Romania 92.86 2000
14 Bolivia 92.70 2013
15 Nepal 92.26 2008
16 Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.13 2006
17 Azerbaijan 92.10 2005
18 Ethiopia 90.66 2011
19 Mozambique 90.39 2008
20 Madagascar 89.95 2007
21 Yemen 89.88 2010
22 Burkina Faso 89.84 2010
23 Togo 89.48 2010
24 Serbia 89.35 2005
25 Peru 88.57 2007
26 Guinea-Bissau 87.74 2006
27 Mauritania 86.97 2011
28 South Africa 85.80 1999
29 Uganda 85.70 2012
30 Algeria 85.64 2013
31 Côte d'Ivoire 85.56 2012
32 Senegal 85.46 2011
33 Burundi 85.34 2010
34 Guinea 85.16 2012
35 Ukraine 84.61 2012
36 Vietnam 84.29 2012
37 Nigeria 84.22 2011
38 Lesotho 83.25 2000
39 Mali 82.99 2013
40 Nicaragua 82.89 2012
41 Belarus 82.40 2012
42 Indonesia 81.99 2010
43 Central African Republic 81.63 2010
44 Iraq 81.15 2011
45 Liberia 80.55 2010
46 Benin 80.48 2012
47 Dem. Rep. Congo 80.20 2010
48 Angola 80.06 2001
49 Lao PDR 80.03 2010
50 Thailand 79.95 2006
51 El Salvador 79.85 2013
52 Jamaica 79.16 2011
53 Uzbekistan 78.62 2006
54 Gabon 78.53 2012
55 Congo 78.45 2012
56 Tunisia 78.12 2012
57 Panama 77.41 2014
58 Haiti 77.12 2012
58 Cambodia 77.12 2012
60 Georgia 77.00 2006
61 Argentina 76.42 2012
62 Costa Rica 76.30 2011
63 Malawi 75.52 2006
64 Swaziland 75.17 2010
65 Pakistan 75.08 2011
66 Kazakhstan 75.01 2006
67 Guatemala 73.96 2015
68 Philippines 73.46 2011
69 Honduras 73.32 2014
70 Macedonia 72.74 2011
71 Colombia 71.67 2014
72 Tajikistan 71.32 2005
73 Niger 70.78 2012
74 Syrian Arab Republic 68.78 2006
75 Cameroon 68.30 2011
76 Zimbabwe 68.18 1999
77 Brazil 67.48 2014
78 Turkey 63.80 2006
79 Chad 63.62 2010
80 Paraguay 62.00 2014
81 Afghanistan 61.67 2011
82 Sudan 60.62 2008
83 Sierra Leone 60.36 2013
84 Mexico 59.56 2013
85 Rwanda 56.57 2011
86 India 53.90 2012
87 Jordan 50.07 2007
88 Venezuela 46.69 2013
89 Uruguay 45.11 2009
90 Dominican Republic 41.35 2012
91 Bangladesh 41.15 2013
92 Egypt 40.20 2009
93 Trinidad and Tobago 33.19 2006

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual