Children in employment, unpaid family workers, male (% of male children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Unpaid family workers are people who work without pay in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Armenia 98.52 2010
2 Mongolia 96.98 2012
3 Ghana 96.70 2012
4 Kyrgyz Republic 96.50 2014
5 Moldova 96.38 2009
6 Tanzania 96.30 2014
7 Somalia 96.26 2006
8 Namibia 93.60 1999
9 Zambia 92.68 2008
10 Nepal 91.97 2008
11 Albania 91.59 2010
12 Bolivia 91.34 2013
12 Romania 91.34 2000
14 Sri Lanka 91.00 2009
15 Ethiopia 90.82 2011
16 Bosnia and Herzegovina 90.31 2006
17 Ecuador 90.26 2015
18 Togo 90.10 2010
19 Burkina Faso 90.03 2010
20 Azerbaijan 89.20 2005
20 Mozambique 89.20 2008
22 Madagascar 89.09 2007
23 Guinea-Bissau 87.14 2006
24 Peru 87.13 2007
25 Mauritania 86.93 2011
26 South Africa 86.52 1999
27 Burundi 85.58 2010
28 Senegal 85.43 2011
29 Côte d'Ivoire 85.23 2012
30 Serbia 85.09 2005
31 Uganda 84.90 2012
32 Algeria 84.65 2013
33 Yemen 83.71 2010
34 Guinea 83.64 2012
35 Mali 83.31 2013
36 Vietnam 82.35 2012
37 Lesotho 82.26 2000
38 Lao PDR 82.12 2010
39 Nigeria 81.88 2011
40 Belarus 81.82 2012
41 Indonesia 81.20 2010
42 Thailand 81.01 2006
43 Benin 80.39 2012
44 Nicaragua 80.37 2012
45 Liberia 80.03 2010
46 Dem. Rep. Congo 79.50 2010
47 Angola 78.90 2001
48 Cambodia 78.63 2012
49 Central African Republic 78.21 2010
50 Argentina 77.95 2012
51 Jamaica 77.90 2011
52 Ukraine 77.56 2012
53 Iraq 77.52 2011
54 El Salvador 77.51 2013
55 Uzbekistan 77.20 2006
56 Guatemala 77.11 2015
57 Kazakhstan 76.53 2006
58 Georgia 76.17 2006
59 Malawi 75.73 2006
60 Tunisia 75.33 2012
61 Gabon 74.25 2012
62 Haiti 73.98 2012
63 Macedonia 73.52 2011
64 Congo 73.38 2012
65 Honduras 72.59 2014
66 Swaziland 72.57 2010
67 Costa Rica 72.30 2011
68 Tajikistan 72.11 2005
69 Pakistan 71.98 2011
70 Panama 71.37 2014
71 Philippines 70.35 2011
72 Niger 69.65 2012
73 Brazil 69.34 2014
74 Zimbabwe 68.75 1999
75 Colombia 68.62 2014
76 Cameroon 65.57 2011
77 Turkey 63.84 2006
78 Chad 63.40 2010
79 Syrian Arab Republic 63.31 2006
80 Paraguay 62.29 2014
81 Mexico 59.49 2013
82 Sierra Leone 58.00 2013
83 Sudan 57.44 2008
84 Afghanistan 57.17 2011
85 Rwanda 51.53 2011
86 India 48.97 2012
87 Uruguay 44.99 2009
88 Jordan 43.88 2007
89 Egypt 42.48 2009
90 Dominican Republic 40.58 2012
91 Trinidad and Tobago 39.51 2006
92 Venezuela 37.43 2013
93 Bangladesh 34.86 2013

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual