Vulnerable employment, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Vulnerable employment is contributing family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.

Source: Derived using data from International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Burundi 94.50 2017
2 Chad 91.50 2017
3 Burkina Faso 91.30 2017
3 Niger 91.30 2017
5 Benin 89.40 2017
6 Sierra Leone 88.90 2017
7 Haiti 88.50 2017
8 Mali 85.60 2017
9 Madagascar 85.10 2017
10 Mozambique 82.40 2017
11 Tanzania 80.00 2017
11 Lao PDR 80.00 2017
13 Rwanda 78.40 2017
14 India 77.60 2017
15 Uganda 77.50 2017
16 Zambia 77.20 2017
17 Liberia 76.60 2017
18 Nepal 76.10 2017
19 The Gambia 75.50 2017
20 Côte d'Ivoire 75.00 2017
21 Zimbabwe 74.50 2017
22 Dem. Rep. Congo 73.20 2017
23 Cameroon 73.10 2017
24 Congo 72.80 2017
25 Central African Republic 72.70 2017
26 Vanuatu 71.90 2017
27 Afghanistan 71.20 2017
28 Bhutan 70.90 2017
29 Ghana 68.60 2017
30 Senegal 67.60 2017
31 Solomon Islands 67.00 2017
32 Timor-Leste 65.20 2017
33 Guinea 65.10 2017
34 Togo 64.60 2017
35 Malawi 60.60 2017
36 Guinea-Bissau 60.00 2017
37 Comoros 59.40 2017
38 Pakistan 59.00 2017
39 Tonga 57.00 2017
39 Albania 57.00 2017
41 Georgia 56.30 2017
42 Vietnam 55.10 2017
43 Indonesia 54.90 2017
43 Myanmar 54.90 2017
45 Bangladesh 54.50 2017
46 Azerbaijan 53.50 2017
47 Kenya 52.90 2017
48 Angola 51.90 2017
49 Cambodia 51.70 2017
50 Thailand 51.40 2017
51 Morocco 51.00 2017
52 Honduras 49.60 2017
53 Ethiopia 48.10 2017
54 Papua New Guinea 47.60 2017
55 Colombia 46.20 2017
56 Peru 46.10 2017
57 Ecuador 44.80 2017
58 Mongolia 43.90 2017
59 Tajikistan 43.30 2017
60 Nicaragua 42.40 2017
61 Armenia 42.00 2017
62 Mauritania 41.60 2017
63 Dominican Republic 40.70 2017
64 Sri Lanka 40.00 2017
65 Iran 39.80 2017
66 Kyrgyz Republic 39.70 2017
67 Fiji 39.40 2017
68 Sudan 39.40 2017
69 Paraguay 39.30 2017
70 Cabo Verde 39.10 2017
71 El Salvador 38.40 2017
72 Algeria 38.00 2017
73 Jamaica 37.70 2017
74 Moldova 36.80 2017
75 Djibouti 36.70 2017
76 Venezuela 36.50 2017
77 Yemen 36.20 2017
78 Philippines 35.80 2017
79 São Tomé and Principe 35.00 2017
79 Somalia 35.00 2017
81 Guatemala 34.70 2017
82 Iraq 34.20 2017
83 Libya 33.80 2017
84 Lebanon 33.10 2017
85 Nigeria 33.00 2017
86 Syrian Arab Republic 32.20 2017
87 Bolivia 32.00 2017
88 Gabon 31.70 2017
89 China 31.60 2017
90 Samoa 31.40 2017
91 Guyana 30.70 2017
92 Namibia 29.30 2017
93 Turkmenistan 29.30 2017
94 St. Lucia 28.90 2017
95 Panama 27.90 2017
96 Brazil 27.80 2017
97 Turkey 27.60 2017
98 Mexico 27.10 2017
99 Serbia 26.80 2017
100 Macedonia 26.60 2017
100 Kazakhstan 26.60 2017
102 Greece 26.40 2017
103 Uzbekistan 25.50 2017
104 Romania 25.40 2017
105 Egypt 24.60 2017
106 Equatorial Guinea 23.90 2017
107 Belize 23.80 2017
108 Chile 23.70 2017
109 Uruguay 22.90 2017
110 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 21.70 2017
111 Malaysia 21.50 2017
112 Tunisia 20.90 2017
113 Lesotho 20.40 2017
113 Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.40 2017
115 Argentina 20.20 2017
116 Korea 19.40 2017
117 Swaziland 19.20 2017
118 Italy 17.40 2017
119 Poland 16.80 2017
120 Ukraine 16.70 2017
121 Trinidad and Tobago 16.60 2017
122 Mauritius 16.50 2017
123 Barbados 15.70 2017
124 The Bahamas 15.50 2017
125 Botswana 14.50 2017
126 Czech Republic 14.00 2017
126 Costa Rica 14.00 2017
128 Puerto Rico 13.70 2017
129 United Kingdom 13.00 2017
130 Portugal 12.90 2017
131 Netherlands 12.70 2017
132 Cyprus 12.40 2017
133 Slovak Republic 12.20 2017
133 Ireland 12.20 2017
135 Spain 12.00 2017
136 New Zealand 11.90 2017
137 Montenegro 11.90 2017
138 Suriname 11.40 2017
139 Australia 10.90 2017
140 Canada 10.70 2017
141 Belgium 10.60 2017
142 Slovenia 10.50 2017
143 Lithuania 10.30 2017
144 Cuba 10.10 2017
145 Oman 10.10 2017
146 Finland 9.90 2017
147 New Caledonia 9.80 2017
148 Croatia 9.60 2017
149 Jordan 9.50 2017
150 South Africa 9.20 2017
151 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 8.90 2017
151 Malta 8.90 2017
153 Latvia 8.70 2017
154 Japan 8.50 2017
155 Singapore 8.40 2017
155 Switzerland 8.40 2017
157 Austria 8.20 2017
158 Bulgaria 8.10 2017
159 Israel 8.00 2017
160 Iceland 7.80 2017
161 France 7.60 2017
162 Eritrea 6.80 2017
163 Sweden 6.40 2017
164 Russia 6.30 2017
165 United States 6.20 2017
166 Luxembourg 6.10 2017
167 Hong Kong SAR, China 6.00 2017
167 Germany 6.00 2017
169 Hungary 5.80 2017
170 Denmark 5.60 2017
171 Estonia 5.60 2017
172 Norway 5.20 2017
173 Brunei 4.80 2017
174 Macao SAR, China 3.90 2017
175 Saudi Arabia 3.10 2017
176 Belarus 2.10 2017
177 Kuwait 2.00 2017
178 Bahrain 0.90 2017
179 United Arab Emirates 0.90 2017
180 Qatar 0.20 2017

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. Data are derived using ILO modeled estimate series which are harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections.