Vulnerable employment, female (% of female employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Vulnerable employment is contributing family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.

Source: Derived using data from International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in September 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Chad 98.83 2019
2 Central African Republic 97.18 2019
3 Burundi 97.05 2019
4 Guinea 96.00 2019
5 Afghanistan 95.48 2019
6 Mali 94.98 2019
7 Benin 94.25 2019
8 Mozambique 92.68 2019
9 Sierra Leone 91.68 2019
10 Congo 91.31 2019
11 Niger 91.16 2019
12 Dem. Rep. Congo 90.24 2019
13 Nepal 90.04 2019
14 Burkina Faso 89.93 2019
15 Madagascar 89.51 2019
16 Ethiopia 89.16 2019
17 Liberia 88.18 2019
18 Somalia 88.01 2019
19 Tanzania 87.94 2019
20 Zambia 87.58 2019
21 Haiti 87.43 2019
22 Papua New Guinea 87.19 2019
23 Eritrea 86.86 2019
24 Guinea-Bissau 86.63 2019
25 Lao PDR 85.49 2019
26 Togo 85.11 2019
27 Nigeria 84.98 2019
28 Solomon Islands 84.76 2019
29 Côte d'Ivoire 84.37 2019
30 Bhutan 83.73 2019
31 Cameroon 83.50 2019
32 The Gambia 82.97 2019
33 Uganda 82.45 2019
34 Angola 80.51 2019
35 India 79.78 2019
36 Timor-Leste 79.27 2019
37 Comoros 78.04 2019
38 Rwanda 78.00 2019
39 Ghana 77.84 2019
40 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 75.74 2019
41 Zimbabwe 75.61 2019
42 Vanuatu 75.10 2019
43 Pakistan 74.27 2019
44 Senegal 72.71 2019
45 Equatorial Guinea 69.85 2019
46 Mauritania 67.96 2019
47 Kenya 67.70 2019
48 Bangladesh 66.73 2019
49 Yemen 65.80 2019
50 Malawi 65.57 2019
51 Guyana 63.72 2019
52 Bolivia 63.41 2019
53 Morocco 62.22 2019
54 Azerbaijan 61.75 2019
55 Myanmar 60.06 2019
56 Vietnam 59.96 2019
57 Peru 57.73 2019
58 Tonga 57.64 2019
59 Cambodia 56.45 2019
60 Ecuador 56.38 2019
61 Djibouti 55.96 2019
62 Indonesia 55.03 2019
63 São Tomé and Principe 54.65 2019
64 Albania 54.07 2019
65 Honduras 52.17 2019
66 Georgia 49.23 2019
67 Thailand 48.51 2019
68 Fiji 48.12 2019
69 Lesotho 46.45 2019
70 Nicaragua 46.38 2019
71 China 46.19 2019
72 Colombia 46.08 2019
73 Mongolia 45.20 2019
74 Guatemala 44.75 2019
75 Sudan 44.75 2019
76 El Salvador 44.33 2019
77 Paraguay 42.45 2019
78 Sri Lanka 42.06 2019
79 Iran 42.04 2019
80 Uzbekistan 40.76 2019
81 Eswatini 40.73 2019
82 Armenia 39.55 2019
83 Gabon 39.39 2019
84 Tajikistan 38.00 2019
85 Philippines 37.54 2019
86 Iraq 35.15 2019
87 Turkey 34.37 2019
88 Egypt 33.95 2019
89 Venezuela 33.69 2019
90 Samoa 31.72 2019
91 Namibia 31.51 2019
92 Cabo Verde 30.86 2019
93 Jamaica 30.46 2019
94 Panama 29.87 2019
95 Moldova 29.55 2019
96 Mexico 29.08 2019
97 Belize 28.81 2019
98 Botswana 28.30 2019
99 Dominican Republic 28.11 2019
100 Kyrgyz Republic 27.67 2019
101 St. Lucia 25.58 2019
102 Kazakhstan 25.26 2019
103 Chile 24.88 2019
104 Algeria 24.33 2019
105 Malaysia 24.26 2019
106 Greece 24.10 2019
107 Serbia 24.02 2019
108 Romania 23.80 2019
109 Brazil 23.08 2019
110 Korea 21.71 2019
111 Uruguay 21.46 2019
112 Turkmenistan 21.40 2019
113 Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.81 2019
114 Argentina 18.91 2019
115 Costa Rica 18.25 2019
116 Syrian Arab Republic 17.55 2019
117 North Macedonia 16.65 2019
118 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15.24 2019
119 Tunisia 15.21 2019
120 Lebanon 15.07 2019
121 Poland 13.31 2019
122 Italy 13.21 2019
123 Mauritius 13.10 2019
124 Ukraine 12.90 2019
125 Trinidad and Tobago 12.85 2019
126 Barbados 11.16 2019
127 Czech Republic 11.15 2019
128 New Zealand 10.79 2019
129 New Caledonia 10.79 2019
130 Netherlands 10.72 2019
131 South Africa 10.17 2019
132 Suriname 9.87 2019
133 Portugal 9.75 2019
134 Montenegro 9.60 2019
135 United Kingdom 9.47 2019
136 Switzerland 9.35 2019
137 Cyprus 9.26 2019
138 Canada 9.24 2019
139 Slovenia 8.89 2019
140 Spain 8.76 2019
141 Slovak Republic 8.45 2019
142 Australia 8.32 2019
143 Belgium 8.16 2019
144 Japan 8.05 2019
145 Lithuania 7.91 2019
146 Israel 7.19 2019
147 Latvia 7.18 2019
148 Austria 7.10 2019
149 Finland 7.06 2019
150 Puerto Rico 6.81 2019
151 Bulgaria 6.78 2019
152 Croatia 6.63 2019
153 Singapore 6.61 2019
154 The Bahamas 6.51 2019
155 Luxembourg 6.51 2019
156 Brunei 6.40 2019
157 Cuba 6.39 2019
158 France 6.22 2019
159 Malta 5.89 2019
160 Iceland 5.73 2019
161 Ireland 5.43 2019
162 Hungary 5.28 2019
163 Germany 5.12 2019
164 Russia 4.57 2019
165 Libya 4.33 2019
166 Sweden 4.26 2019
167 Hong Kong SAR, China 4.10 2019
168 Estonia 3.90 2019
169 Denmark 3.76 2019
170 Oman 3.66 2019
171 United States 3.31 2019
172 Norway 3.28 2019
173 Belarus 2.28 2019
174 Macao SAR, China 1.97 2019
175 Jordan 1.69 2019
176 Saudi Arabia 1.15 2019
177 United Arab Emirates 0.97 2019
178 Bahrain 0.97 2019
179 Qatar 0.05 2019
180 Kuwait 0.03 2019

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. Data are derived using ILO modeled estimate series which are harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual