Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in September 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 86.89 2019
2 Madagascar 85.07 2019
3 Rwanda 82.99 2019
4 Nepal 81.91 2019
5 Tanzania 81.48 2019
6 United Arab Emirates 80.67 2019
7 Cambodia 80.42 2019
8 Zimbabwe 79.57 2019
9 Ethiopia 78.94 2019
10 Niger 78.47 2019
11 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 77.85 2019
12 Lao PDR 77.84 2019
13 Burundi 77.81 2019
14 Togo 76.25 2019
15 Mozambique 75.86 2019
16 Vietnam 75.83 2019
17 Eritrea 75.28 2019
18 Peru 75.20 2019
19 Iceland 73.76 2019
20 Cameroon 73.58 2019
21 Malawi 73.29 2019
22 Bahrain 72.55 2019
23 Kuwait 72.22 2019
24 Angola 71.98 2019
25 Solomon Islands 70.09 2019
26 Guinea-Bissau 70.06 2019
27 Oman 69.98 2019
28 Benin 69.85 2019
29 Uganda 69.81 2019
30 Zambia 69.80 2019
31 Chad 69.62 2019
32 Macao SAR, China 69.11 2019
33 Paraguay 67.46 2019
34 Central African Republic 67.39 2019
35 Vanuatu 66.77 2019
36 Thailand 66.73 2019
37 Kazakhstan 66.69 2019
38 New Zealand 66.55 2019
39 Ecuador 66.30 2019
40 The Bahamas 65.94 2019
41 Bolivia 65.69 2019
42 Singapore 65.63 2019
43 Bhutan 65.62 2019
44 China 65.18 2019
45 Afghanistan 65.03 2019
46 Switzerland 64.81 2019
47 Indonesia 64.15 2019
48 Mali 64.04 2019
49 Panama 63.77 2019
50 Colombia 63.53 2019
51 Nicaragua 63.53 2019
52 Ghana 62.84 2019
53 Malaysia 62.56 2019
54 Honduras 62.54 2019
55 Turkmenistan 62.52 2019
56 Azerbaijan 62.49 2019
57 Burkina Faso 62.40 2019
58 Guinea 62.29 2019
59 Congo 61.94 2019
60 Uzbekistan 61.89 2019
61 Israel 61.49 2019
62 Australia 61.46 2019
63 Canada 61.05 2019
64 Belize 60.98 2019
65 Norway 60.85 2019
66 Myanmar 60.83 2019
67 Jamaica 60.81 2019
68 Netherlands 60.79 2019
69 Cabo Verde 60.79 2019
70 Dem. Rep. Congo 60.66 2019
71 Korea 60.62 2019
72 Guatemala 60.60 2019
73 Dominican Republic 60.37 2019
74 Kenya 60.12 2019
75 Sweden 59.95 2019
76 United Kingdom 59.93 2019
77 Belarus 59.68 2019
78 Estonia 59.36 2019
78 United States 59.36 2019
80 Botswana 59.36 2019
81 Uruguay 59.33 2019
82 Japan 59.14 2019
83 Mexico 59.06 2019
84 Haiti 58.93 2019
85 Tonga 58.90 2019
86 Brunei 58.88 2019
87 Denmark 58.88 2019
88 Barbados 58.88 2019
89 Russia 58.76 2019
90 Germany 58.63 2019
91 Czech Republic 58.54 2019
92 Trinidad and Tobago 58.50 2019
93 Philippines 58.49 2019
94 El Salvador 58.44 2019
95 Hong Kong SAR, China 58.30 2019
96 Georgia 57.99 2019
97 Ireland 57.88 2019
98 Chile 57.84 2019
99 Austria 57.27 2019
100 Cyprus 57.11 2019
101 Lithuania 57.00 2019
102 Kyrgyz Republic 56.89 2019
103 Equatorial Guinea 56.59 2019
104 Venezuela 56.47 2019
105 Bangladesh 56.22 2019
106 Djibouti 56.07 2019
107 Brazil 55.99 2019
108 Mongolia 55.94 2019
109 Côte d'Ivoire 55.86 2019
110 Latvia 55.75 2019
111 Slovak Republic 55.68 2019
112 Sierra Leone 55.44 2019
113 Costa Rica 55.13 2019
114 Liberia 54.90 2019
115 Luxembourg 54.88 2019
116 Fiji 54.81 2019
117 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.77 2019
118 Portugal 54.76 2019
119 Poland 54.70 2019
120 Argentina 54.33 2019
121 Slovenia 54.27 2019
122 The Gambia 54.27 2019
123 Hungary 54.13 2019
124 Finland 54.11 2019
125 New Caledonia 54.07 2019
126 Mauritius 53.96 2019
127 St. Lucia 53.76 2019
128 Saudi Arabia 53.45 2019
129 Bulgaria 52.57 2019
130 Cuba 52.28 2019
131 Malta 52.07 2019
132 Romania 51.87 2019
133 Pakistan 51.81 2019
134 Nigeria 51.81 2019
135 São Tomé and Principe 51.49 2019
136 Lesotho 51.35 2019
137 India 50.49 2019
138 Guyana 50.48 2019
139 Sri Lanka 50.01 2019
140 France 49.88 2019
141 Belgium 49.73 2019
142 Ukraine 48.70 2019
143 Spain 48.59 2019
144 Armenia 48.46 2019
145 Albania 48.13 2019
146 Suriname 47.73 2019
147 Croatia 47.47 2019
148 Namibia 47.04 2019
149 Serbia 46.65 2019
150 Turkey 46.20 2019
151 Papua New Guinea 45.53 2019
152 Lebanon 44.39 2019
153 Italy 44.20 2019
154 Senegal 43.44 2019
155 Libya 43.32 2019
156 North Macedonia 43.08 2019
157 Greece 43.00 2019
158 Egypt 42.69 2019
159 Comoros 42.59 2019
160 Montenegro 42.51 2019
161 Gabon 42.02 2019
162 Mauritania 41.48 2019
163 Morocco 41.15 2019
164 Eswatini 41.07 2019
165 Sudan 40.97 2019
166 South Africa 40.31 2019
167 Moldova 40.18 2019
168 Somalia 39.98 2019
169 Iraq 39.23 2019
170 Tunisia 39.09 2019
171 Tajikistan 38.81 2019
172 Iran 38.54 2019
173 Timor-Leste 37.66 2019
174 Syrian Arab Republic 37.43 2019
175 Bosnia and Herzegovina 36.79 2019
176 Puerto Rico 36.51 2019
177 Algeria 36.11 2019
178 Yemen 33.52 2019
179 Jordan 33.35 2019
180 Samoa 28.60 2019

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: National estimates are also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.