Self-employed, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs." i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced. Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers' cooperatives, and contributing family workers.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Suriname 95.60 2017
2 Burundi 95.20 2017
3 Burkina Faso 92.20 2017
4 Niger 91.80 2017
4 Chad 91.80 2017
6 Benin 90.80 2017
7 Haiti 89.70 2017
8 Sierra Leone 89.40 2017
9 Madagascar 89.00 2017
10 Mali 86.80 2017
11 Mozambique 86.10 2017
12 Tanzania 82.30 2017
13 Lao PDR 80.60 2017
14 Rwanda 78.80 2017
14 India 78.80 2017
14 Uganda 78.80 2017
17 Liberia 78.60 2017
18 Zambia 77.50 2017
18 Nepal 77.50 2017
20 The Gambia 77.40 2017
21 Dem. Rep. Congo 77.30 2017
22 Cameroon 76.80 2017
23 Côte d'Ivoire 76.10 2017
24 Ghana 75.30 2017
25 Zimbabwe 75.10 2017
26 Central African Republic 74.40 2017
27 Congo 74.00 2017
28 Vanuatu 73.50 2017
29 Afghanistan 72.40 2017
30 Bhutan 70.90 2017
31 Guinea 68.90 2017
32 Solomon Islands 68.20 2017
33 Senegal 68.10 2017
34 Timor-Leste 66.30 2017
35 Togo 65.30 2017
36 Azerbaijan 65.00 2017
37 Comoros 62.30 2017
38 Guinea-Bissau 61.80 2017
38 Malawi 61.80 2017
40 Pakistan 60.40 2017
41 Albania 59.50 2017
42 Myanmar 58.90 2017
42 Indonesia 58.90 2017
44 Vietnam 58.30 2017
45 Tonga 57.90 2017
46 Georgia 57.60 2017
47 Bangladesh 55.50 2017
48 Thailand 54.20 2017
48 Kenya 54.20 2017
50 Morocco 54.00 2017
51 Angola 53.50 2017
52 Honduras 52.40 2017
53 Cambodia 51.90 2017
54 Nicaragua 51.40 2017
55 Peru 50.50 2017
55 Colombia 50.50 2017
57 Papua New Guinea 50.30 2017
58 Ethiopia 49.00 2017
59 Ecuador 48.00 2017
60 Mongolia 46.00 2017
61 Paraguay 44.40 2017
62 Dominican Republic 44.20 2017
62 Algeria 44.20 2017
64 Mauritania 44.00 2017
64 Tajikistan 44.00 2017
66 Iran 43.60 2017
67 El Salvador 43.10 2017
68 Venezuela 42.90 2017
69 Armenia 42.80 2017
69 Sri Lanka 42.80 2017
71 Cabo Verde 42.50 2017
72 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 42.10 2017
73 Sudan 41.70 2017
74 Kyrgyz Republic 41.50 2017
75 Yemen 41.00 2017
75 Jamaica 41.00 2017
77 Fiji 40.70 2017
78 Philippines 39.30 2017
79 Lebanon 38.30 2017
80 Moldova 38.10 2017
81 Djibouti 37.90 2017
82 Guatemala 37.70 2017
83 Libya 37.50 2017
84 Iraq 36.80 2017
85 Syrian Arab Republic 36.60 2017
86 Egypt 36.50 2017
87 Samoa 36.00 2017
87 São Tomé and Principe 36.00 2017
89 Somalia 35.90 2017
90 China 35.80 2017
91 Bolivia 35.70 2017
92 Cuba 35.00 2017
93 Guyana 34.90 2017
94 St. Lucia 34.20 2017
95 Nigeria 34.10 2017
95 Gabon 34.10 2017
97 Greece 33.90 2017
98 Namibia 33.00 2017
99 Turkmenistan 32.60 2017
100 New Caledonia 32.20 2017
100 Turkey 32.20 2017
102 Brazil 32.10 2017
103 Mexico 31.60 2017
104 Panama 31.00 2017
105 Serbia 30.80 2017
106 Belize 29.90 2017
107 Uzbekistan 28.30 2017
108 Macedonia 28.10 2017
109 Kazakhstan 28.00 2017
110 Tunisia 27.90 2017
111 Chile 27.80 2017
112 Uruguay 27.60 2017
112 Puerto Rico 27.60 2017
114 Romania 26.50 2017
115 Korea 25.70 2017
115 Malaysia 25.70 2017
117 Equatorial Guinea 25.60 2017
118 Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.70 2017
119 Italy 23.90 2017
120 Argentina 23.80 2017
121 Lesotho 22.20 2017
122 Costa Rica 21.90 2017
122 Trinidad and Tobago 21.90 2017
124 Eritrea 21.60 2017
125 Montenegro 21.00 2017
125 Swaziland 21.00 2017
127 Poland 20.70 2017
128 Mauritius 20.50 2017
129 The Bahamas 20.10 2017
130 Ukraine 18.30 2017
131 New Zealand 17.60 2017
131 Portugal 17.60 2017
133 Botswana 17.30 2017
134 Czech Republic 17.20 2017
135 Australia 17.10 2017
136 Spain 16.80 2017
136 Netherlands 16.80 2017
136 Ireland 16.80 2017
139 Barbados 16.60 2017
140 Jordan 15.60 2017
141 Canada 15.40 2017
141 United Kingdom 15.40 2017
141 Slovak Republic 15.40 2017
144 Belgium 14.80 2017
145 Croatia 14.70 2017
146 South Africa 14.40 2017
147 Switzerland 14.20 2017
147 Slovenia 14.20 2017
147 Cyprus 14.20 2017
150 Singapore 14.10 2017
151 Finland 14.00 2017
152 Malta 13.60 2017
153 Latvia 13.00 2017
154 Lithuania 12.70 2017
154 Austria 12.70 2017
156 Oman 12.00 2017
156 Israel 12.00 2017
158 France 11.90 2017
159 Iceland 11.70 2017
159 Bulgaria 11.70 2017
161 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 11.60 2017
162 Hungary 10.80 2017
163 Japan 10.50 2017
164 Germany 10.40 2017
165 Sweden 10.00 2017
165 Luxembourg 10.00 2017
167 United States 9.90 2017
168 Estonia 9.60 2017
169 Hong Kong SAR, China 9.00 2017
169 Denmark 9.00 2017
171 Brunei 7.70 2017
172 Russia 7.60 2017
173 Norway 7.00 2017
174 Macao SAR, China 6.30 2017
175 Saudi Arabia 4.90 2017
176 United Arab Emirates 4.80 2017
177 Belarus 3.30 2017
178 Kuwait 2.50 2017
178 Bahrain 2.50 2017
180 Qatar 0.50 2017

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Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections.