Self-employed, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs." i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced. Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers' cooperatives, and contributing family workers.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in September 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Burundi 94.73 2019
2 Central African Republic 94.54 2019
3 Chad 93.27 2019
4 Guinea 91.53 2019
5 Mali 90.03 2019
6 Niger 89.88 2019
7 Afghanistan 89.78 2019
8 Benin 89.12 2019
9 Madagascar 88.93 2019
10 Sierra Leone 88.75 2019
11 Burkina Faso 86.91 2019
12 Ethiopia 86.20 2019
13 Haiti 86.14 2019
14 Mozambique 85.32 2019
15 Tanzania 85.15 2019
16 Dem. Rep. Congo 81.55 2019
17 Solomon Islands 81.35 2019
18 Nigeria 81.29 2019
19 Nepal 80.16 2019
20 Lao PDR 80.02 2019
21 Papua New Guinea 79.92 2019
22 Liberia 79.60 2019
23 Somalia 79.32 2019
24 Guinea-Bissau 79.27 2019
25 Eritrea 79.14 2019
26 Togo 78.69 2019
27 Congo 78.11 2019
28 Uganda 78.08 2019
29 India 77.89 2019
30 Zambia 77.83 2019
31 Cameroon 76.66 2019
32 Ghana 74.19 2019
33 Côte d'Ivoire 74.02 2019
34 The Gambia 73.60 2019
35 Timor-Leste 72.73 2019
36 Vanuatu 72.13 2019
37 Angola 71.28 2019
38 Bhutan 71.01 2019
39 Comoros 69.63 2019
40 Rwanda 68.52 2019
41 Azerbaijan 68.06 2019
42 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 66.73 2019
43 Zimbabwe 66.15 2019
44 Senegal 65.65 2019
45 Bolivia 62.14 2019
46 Myanmar 61.78 2019
47 Kenya 61.09 2019
48 Malawi 60.51 2019
49 Guyana 60.35 2019
50 Pakistan 60.21 2019
51 Bangladesh 59.34 2019
52 Equatorial Guinea 57.68 2019
53 Albania 56.72 2019
54 Vietnam 56.05 2019
55 Mauritania 55.17 2019
56 Lesotho 55.15 2019
57 Peru 54.65 2019
58 Tonga 54.25 2019
59 Yemen 52.70 2019
60 Honduras 51.89 2019
61 Morocco 50.98 2019
62 Georgia 50.87 2019
63 Cambodia 50.75 2019
64 Colombia 50.73 2019
65 Indonesia 50.15 2019
66 Thailand 49.82 2019
67 Mongolia 49.62 2019
68 Djibouti 49.24 2019
69 Ecuador 48.94 2019
70 São Tomé and Principe 48.16 2019
71 China 46.36 2019
72 Sudan 45.84 2019
73 Tajikistan 45.35 2019
74 Iran 44.85 2019
75 Nicaragua 44.52 2019
76 Fiji 44.08 2019
77 Paraguay 43.66 2019
78 Dominican Republic 43.41 2019
79 Sri Lanka 41.52 2019
80 Uzbekistan 41.40 2019
81 Armenia 40.98 2019
82 El Salvador 39.76 2019
83 Jamaica 39.21 2019
84 Syrian Arab Republic 39.01 2019
85 Guatemala 37.34 2019
86 Philippines 37.32 2019
87 Lebanon 36.83 2019
88 Venezuela 36.47 2019
89 Samoa 35.86 2019
90 Kyrgyz Republic 35.31 2019
91 St. Lucia 35.08 2019
92 Eswatini 34.99 2019
93 Panama 34.59 2019
94 Moldova 34.38 2019
95 Gabon 33.90 2019
96 Greece 33.86 2019
97 Belize 33.79 2019
98 Cabo Verde 33.44 2019
99 Turkey 32.38 2019
100 Brazil 32.17 2019
101 Egypt 31.66 2019
102 Mexico 31.32 2019
103 Algeria 30.92 2019
104 Serbia 30.33 2019
105 Iraq 29.18 2019
106 Namibia 29.08 2019
107 Chile 28.42 2019
108 Uruguay 27.90 2019
109 Botswana 27.84 2019
110 Tunisia 27.65 2019
111 Kazakhstan 27.27 2019
112 Romania 26.21 2019
113 Turkmenistan 25.31 2019
114 Argentina 25.31 2019
115 Korea 25.14 2019
116 Malaysia 25.08 2019
117 Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.35 2019
118 Costa Rica 24.06 2019
119 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.73 2019
120 North Macedonia 23.52 2019
121 Trinidad and Tobago 23.38 2019
122 Italy 23.11 2019
123 Montenegro 21.76 2019
124 Mauritius 20.53 2019
125 Poland 20.18 2019
126 New Zealand 18.46 2019
127 Portugal 16.98 2019
128 Czech Republic 16.97 2019
129 New Caledonia 16.90 2019
130 Puerto Rico 16.89 2019
131 Australia 16.87 2019
132 Barbados 16.60 2019
133 Netherlands 16.52 2019
134 Spain 16.43 2019
135 Ukraine 15.68 2019
136 United Kingdom 15.26 2019
137 Ireland 15.21 2019
138 Canada 15.21 2019
139 South Africa 15.17 2019
140 Slovak Republic 15.09 2019
141 Switzerland 14.75 2019
142 Singapore 14.53 2019
143 Malta 14.45 2019
144 Jordan 14.43 2019
145 The Bahamas 14.41 2019
146 Belgium 14.26 2019
147 Slovenia 14.25 2019
148 Suriname 14.03 2019
149 Cyprus 13.24 2019
150 Finland 13.12 2019
151 Latvia 12.53 2019
152 Croatia 12.37 2019
153 Austria 12.25 2019
154 Israel 12.24 2019
155 Lithuania 11.92 2019
156 Bulgaria 11.87 2019
157 Iceland 11.77 2019
158 France 11.58 2019
159 Japan 10.34 2019
160 Hungary 10.32 2019
161 Germany 10.15 2019
162 Estonia 10.09 2019
163 Sweden 9.81 2019
164 Luxembourg 9.65 2019
165 Cuba 9.24 2019
166 Brunei 8.71 2019
167 Hong Kong SAR, China 8.65 2019
168 Denmark 8.20 2019
169 Libya 6.60 2019
170 Russia 6.57 2019
171 Norway 6.50 2019
172 Macao SAR, China 6.21 2019
173 United States 6.17 2019
174 Saudi Arabia 4.82 2019
175 Belarus 4.35 2019
176 Oman 3.83 2019
177 United Arab Emirates 3.43 2019
178 Bahrain 2.77 2019
179 Kuwait 1.73 2019
180 Qatar 0.41 2019

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Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual