Self-employed, male (% of male employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs." i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced. Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers' cooperatives, and contributing family workers.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Suriname 95.00 2017
2 Burundi 92.10 2017
3 Niger 90.30 2017
4 Burkina Faso 89.50 2017
5 Haiti 87.50 2017
6 Madagascar 86.60 2017
7 Chad 86.50 2017
8 Benin 86.40 2017
9 Sierra Leone 84.50 2017
10 Mali 82.30 2017
11 India 77.60 2017
12 Tanzania 77.00 2017
13 Mozambique 76.90 2017
14 Lao PDR 74.90 2017
15 Dem. Rep. Congo 72.90 2017
16 Uganda 72.30 2017
17 Afghanistan 72.10 2017
18 Rwanda 71.40 2017
19 The Gambia 71.00 2017
20 Vanuatu 70.60 2017
21 Côte d'Ivoire 69.20 2017
22 Liberia 68.60 2017
23 Zambia 68.50 2017
24 Cameroon 68.30 2017
25 Solomon Islands 67.90 2017
26 Zimbabwe 66.90 2017
27 Nepal 66.30 2017
28 Ghana 65.60 2017
29 Timor-Leste 65.00 2017
30 Guinea 64.70 2017
31 Central African Republic 63.30 2017
32 Bhutan 62.30 2017
32 Azerbaijan 62.30 2017
34 Senegal 60.40 2017
35 Albania 60.30 2017
36 Congo 59.80 2017
37 Comoros 58.60 2017
38 Myanmar 57.80 2017
39 Indonesia 57.50 2017
40 Georgia 57.00 2017
41 Malawi 56.00 2017
42 Pakistan 55.70 2017
43 Tonga 55.20 2017
44 Bangladesh 54.40 2017
45 Togo 54.00 2017
46 Thailand 53.90 2017
47 Vietnam 53.60 2017
48 Dominican Republic 53.00 2017
49 Guinea-Bissau 52.60 2017
50 Colombia 51.60 2017
51 Morocco 50.20 2017
52 Honduras 49.90 2017
53 Nicaragua 49.00 2017
54 Mongolia 48.00 2017
55 Papua New Guinea 47.30 2017
56 Cambodia 47.20 2017
57 Ethiopia 47.10 2017
58 Jamaica 46.90 2017
59 Moldova 46.20 2017
60 Algeria 46.10 2017
61 Peru 45.80 2017
62 Tajikistan 45.70 2017
63 Angola 45.20 2017
63 Kyrgyz Republic 45.20 2017
65 Lebanon 44.20 2017
66 Paraguay 44.00 2017
67 Iran 43.80 2017
67 Cuba 43.80 2017
69 Venezuela 43.30 2017
70 Armenia 42.90 2017
71 Ecuador 42.30 2017
71 Sri Lanka 42.30 2017
73 Mauritania 42.20 2017
74 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 42.10 2017
75 Kenya 41.60 2017
76 Cabo Verde 40.70 2017
77 Fiji 40.20 2017
77 Sudan 40.20 2017
79 Syrian Arab Republic 39.40 2017
80 St. Lucia 38.90 2017
81 Yemen 38.00 2017
82 Philippines 37.80 2017
83 Bolivia 37.60 2017
84 São Tomé and Principe 37.30 2017
85 Puerto Rico 37.20 2017
86 Greece 37.10 2017
87 Brazil 36.80 2017
87 Guyana 36.80 2017
89 New Caledonia 36.50 2017
90 Libya 36.40 2017
91 El Salvador 36.00 2017
92 Iraq 35.90 2017
93 Samoa 35.60 2017
94 China 35.00 2017
95 Serbia 34.80 2017
96 Egypt 33.90 2017
97 Panama 33.50 2017
98 Guatemala 32.60 2017
99 Belize 32.40 2017
100 Macedonia 32.30 2017
101 Mexico 31.10 2017
102 Tunisia 31.00 2017
103 Gabon 30.50 2017
103 Turkey 30.50 2017
105 Uzbekistan 30.10 2017
106 Uruguay 29.80 2017
107 Nigeria 29.60 2017
108 Kazakhstan 29.40 2017
108 Somalia 29.40 2017
110 Turkmenistan 28.30 2017
111 Italy 28.10 2017
111 Chile 28.10 2017
113 Romania 27.60 2017
114 Trinidad and Tobago 27.40 2017
114 Korea 27.40 2017
116 Equatorial Guinea 27.30 2017
117 Argentina 26.80 2017
118 Namibia 26.20 2017
119 Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.40 2017
120 Montenegro 25.30 2017
121 Malaysia 25.20 2017
122 Costa Rica 25.10 2017
123 Djibouti 24.20 2017
124 Poland 23.90 2017
124 Ireland 23.90 2017
126 Mauritius 23.50 2017
127 Lesotho 23.10 2017
128 Portugal 21.80 2017
129 Barbados 21.40 2017
130 Australia 20.90 2017
131 New Zealand 20.70 2017
132 Spain 20.30 2017
133 Czech Republic 20.20 2017
134 Netherlands 19.80 2017
135 Ukraine 19.60 2017
136 United Kingdom 19.40 2017
137 Eritrea 19.30 2017
138 Slovak Republic 19.20 2017
139 Canada 18.60 2017
140 Botswana 18.50 2017
141 Belgium 18.40 2017
142 Finland 18.30 2017
143 Malta 18.10 2017
143 The Bahamas 18.10 2017
145 Singapore 18.00 2017
146 Jordan 17.70 2017
147 Cyprus 17.60 2017
148 Slovenia 17.20 2017
149 Croatia 17.10 2017
150 South Africa 16.40 2017
151 Swaziland 16.20 2017
152 Latvia 16.00 2017
152 Switzerland 16.00 2017
154 Iceland 15.60 2017
155 Lithuania 15.40 2017
156 Israel 15.20 2017
157 Austria 15.00 2017
158 France 14.90 2017
159 Bulgaria 14.00 2017
160 Sweden 13.50 2017
161 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 13.00 2017
161 Hungary 13.00 2017
163 Germany 12.80 2017
164 Hong Kong SAR, China 12.60 2017
165 Estonia 12.20 2017
166 Oman 12.10 2017
166 United States 12.10 2017
168 Denmark 11.80 2017
169 Japan 11.70 2017
170 Luxembourg 11.10 2017
171 Norway 9.20 2017
172 Macao SAR, China 8.70 2017
173 Russia 8.50 2017
174 Brunei 8.30 2017
175 Saudi Arabia 5.50 2017
176 United Arab Emirates 5.20 2017
177 Belarus 4.00 2017
178 Kuwait 3.40 2017
179 Bahrain 2.40 2017
180 Qatar 0.50 2017

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Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections.