Self-employed, female (% of female employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs." i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced. Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers' cooperatives, and contributing family workers.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Chad 98.50 2017
2 Burundi 98.10 2017
3 Suriname 96.70 2017
4 Benin 95.30 2017
4 Burkina Faso 95.30 2017
6 Niger 94.90 2017
7 Mali 94.50 2017
8 Sierra Leone 94.40 2017
9 Mozambique 94.30 2017
10 Haiti 92.30 2017
11 Madagascar 91.60 2017
12 Congo 89.90 2017
13 Liberia 89.60 2017
14 Nepal 88.30 2017
15 Tanzania 88.00 2017
16 Côte d'Ivoire 87.70 2017
17 Zambia 87.50 2017
18 Central African Republic 87.00 2017
19 Cameroon 86.50 2017
20 Lao PDR 86.20 2017
21 The Gambia 86.10 2017
22 Rwanda 85.60 2017
23 Uganda 85.30 2017
24 Ghana 85.20 2017
25 Bhutan 83.50 2017
26 Zimbabwe 83.40 2017
27 India 82.60 2017
28 Dem. Rep. Congo 81.70 2017
29 Senegal 79.70 2017
30 Pakistan 78.20 2017
31 Vanuatu 77.30 2017
32 Togo 76.70 2017
33 Afghanistan 73.80 2017
34 Guinea 73.30 2017
35 Guinea-Bissau 72.00 2017
36 Comoros 71.30 2017
37 Timor-Leste 69.00 2017
38 Kenya 68.80 2017
39 Solomon Islands 68.50 2017
40 Azerbaijan 68.00 2017
41 Malawi 67.30 2017
42 Morocco 64.60 2017
43 Djibouti 63.90 2017
44 Angola 63.70 2017
45 Vietnam 63.30 2017
46 Tonga 61.70 2017
47 Indonesia 61.30 2017
48 Myanmar 60.00 2017
49 Georgia 58.40 2017
50 Albania 58.10 2017
51 Bangladesh 57.60 2017
52 Ecuador 57.20 2017
53 Honduras 56.80 2017
54 Cambodia 56.70 2017
55 Peru 56.30 2017
56 Nicaragua 55.00 2017
57 Thailand 54.60 2017
58 Papua New Guinea 53.50 2017
59 El Salvador 52.20 2017
60 Ethiopia 51.30 2017
61 Yemen 51.20 2017
62 Somalia 50.50 2017
63 Colombia 48.90 2017
64 Mauritania 48.30 2017
65 Guatemala 47.30 2017
66 Egypt 46.70 2017
67 Sudan 46.50 2017
68 Cabo Verde 45.50 2017
69 Paraguay 44.90 2017
70 Sri Lanka 44.00 2017
71 Mongolia 43.70 2017
72 Armenia 42.70 2017
73 Venezuela 42.40 2017
74 Iran 42.10 2017
74 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 42.10 2017
76 Fiji 41.90 2017
77 Tajikistan 41.80 2017
78 Iraq 41.60 2017
78 Philippines 41.60 2017
80 Libya 41.10 2017
81 Namibia 40.40 2017
82 Nigeria 40.30 2017
83 Gabon 40.20 2017
84 Turkmenistan 39.20 2017
85 Samoa 37.00 2017
86 China 36.80 2017
87 Kyrgyz Republic 35.90 2017
87 Turkey 35.90 2017
89 Algeria 35.50 2017
90 São Tomé and Principe 33.70 2017
91 Bolivia 33.20 2017
92 Jamaica 33.00 2017
93 Mexico 32.50 2017
94 Guyana 31.10 2017
95 Moldova 29.70 2017
96 Dominican Republic 29.40 2017
97 Greece 29.30 2017
98 St. Lucia 28.20 2017
99 Swaziland 28.10 2017
100 Chile 27.40 2017
101 Panama 26.90 2017
102 Malaysia 26.60 2017
103 Kazakhstan 26.50 2017
104 Belize 25.90 2017
105 Brazil 25.70 2017
106 Serbia 25.50 2017
107 New Caledonia 25.40 2017
107 Uzbekistan 25.40 2017
109 Romania 25.10 2017
110 Uruguay 24.70 2017
111 Eritrea 24.30 2017
112 Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.70 2017
113 Korea 23.20 2017
114 Equatorial Guinea 22.50 2017
115 The Bahamas 22.20 2017
116 Macedonia 21.60 2017
117 Lesotho 21.10 2017
118 Cuba 20.80 2017
119 Argentina 19.30 2017
119 Lebanon 19.30 2017
121 Tunisia 18.60 2017
122 Italy 18.00 2017
123 Poland 16.90 2017
123 Ukraine 16.90 2017
125 Costa Rica 16.40 2017
126 Botswana 15.90 2017
127 Montenegro 15.60 2017
127 Mauritius 15.60 2017
129 Puerto Rico 15.10 2017
130 Syrian Arab Republic 14.80 2017
131 Trinidad and Tobago 14.40 2017
132 New Zealand 14.00 2017
133 Portugal 13.30 2017
133 Czech Republic 13.30 2017
135 Netherlands 13.20 2017
136 Australia 12.70 2017
137 Spain 12.60 2017
138 Switzerland 12.20 2017
139 Croatia 12.00 2017
140 Barbados 11.80 2017
140 Canada 11.80 2017
142 South Africa 11.70 2017
143 United Kingdom 10.90 2017
144 Oman 10.80 2017
145 Slovenia 10.70 2017
145 Slovak Republic 10.70 2017
147 Belgium 10.60 2017
148 Cyprus 10.20 2017
149 Austria 10.00 2017
149 Lithuania 10.00 2017
149 Latvia 10.00 2017
152 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.60 2017
153 Finland 9.40 2017
154 Singapore 9.20 2017
155 Japan 9.00 2017
155 Bulgaria 9.00 2017
157 Israel 8.50 2017
157 Luxembourg 8.50 2017
159 France 8.40 2017
160 Hungary 8.30 2017
161 Ireland 8.20 2017
162 Germany 7.60 2017
163 Iceland 7.40 2017
164 United States 7.30 2017
165 Estonia 6.80 2017
166 Russia 6.70 2017
166 Brunei 6.70 2017
168 Sweden 6.10 2017
168 Malta 6.10 2017
170 Denmark 5.90 2017
171 Hong Kong SAR, China 5.40 2017
172 Norway 4.60 2017
173 Macao SAR, China 3.90 2017
174 Jordan 3.80 2017
175 Bahrain 3.00 2017
176 Belarus 2.50 2017
177 Saudi Arabia 1.40 2017
177 United Arab Emirates 1.40 2017
179 Kuwait 0.50 2017
180 Qatar 0.40 2017

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Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections.