Self-employed, female (% of female employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs." i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced. Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers' cooperatives, and contributing family workers.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in September 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Chad 98.95 2019
2 Central African Republic 97.61 2019
3 Burundi 97.09 2019
4 Guinea 97.01 2019
5 Afghanistan 95.63 2019
6 Mali 95.12 2019
7 Benin 94.95 2019
8 Sierra Leone 94.69 2019
9 Mozambique 94.14 2019
10 Congo 91.86 2019
11 Niger 91.66 2019
12 Madagascar 91.54 2019
13 Dem. Rep. Congo 91.33 2019
14 Nepal 90.40 2019
15 Burkina Faso 90.26 2019
16 Liberia 90.02 2019
17 Tanzania 89.64 2019
18 Ethiopia 89.34 2019
19 Somalia 88.81 2019
20 Haiti 88.38 2019
21 Papua New Guinea 88.27 2019
22 Zambia 87.82 2019
23 Eritrea 87.48 2019
24 Guinea-Bissau 87.24 2019
25 Nigeria 86.72 2019
26 Togo 86.03 2019
27 Cameroon 85.85 2019
28 Lao PDR 85.77 2019
29 Côte d'Ivoire 85.53 2019
30 Solomon Islands 85.44 2019
31 Uganda 85.00 2019
32 The Gambia 84.24 2019
33 Bhutan 83.79 2019
34 Angola 83.12 2019
35 Comoros 82.83 2019
36 Ghana 82.36 2019
37 Timor-Leste 80.91 2019
38 India 80.34 2019
39 Rwanda 78.06 2019
40 Kenya 76.65 2019
41 Vanuatu 76.18 2019
42 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 76.11 2019
43 Zimbabwe 75.92 2019
44 Pakistan 74.38 2019
45 Senegal 73.14 2019
46 Azerbaijan 72.66 2019
47 Equatorial Guinea 70.89 2019
48 Mauritania 68.82 2019
49 Yemen 68.10 2019
50 Bangladesh 67.39 2019
51 Malawi 66.31 2019
52 Guyana 65.76 2019
53 Bolivia 65.29 2019
54 Morocco 63.01 2019
55 Myanmar 61.45 2019
56 Vietnam 61.11 2019
57 Peru 60.14 2019
58 Tonga 58.54 2019
59 Ecuador 58.03 2019
60 Honduras 57.94 2019
61 Djibouti 57.49 2019
62 Indonesia 56.86 2019
63 Cambodia 56.78 2019
64 São Tomé and Principe 56.18 2019
65 Albania 55.10 2019
66 Georgia 50.48 2019
67 Thailand 50.00 2019
68 Nicaragua 49.06 2019
69 Fiji 49.06 2019
70 Colombia 48.58 2019
71 China 48.02 2019
72 El Salvador 47.27 2019
73 Lesotho 47.05 2019
74 Guatemala 47.00 2019
75 Sudan 46.19 2019
76 Mongolia 45.87 2019
77 Paraguay 45.48 2019
78 Iran 43.41 2019
79 Sri Lanka 43.15 2019
80 Eswatini 42.29 2019
81 Uzbekistan 41.78 2019
82 Gabon 40.72 2019
83 Philippines 40.09 2019
84 Armenia 39.96 2019
85 Iraq 38.41 2019
86 Tajikistan 38.12 2019
87 Samoa 36.92 2019
88 Egypt 36.09 2019
89 Turkey 35.70 2019
90 Venezuela 35.30 2019
91 Namibia 34.70 2019
92 Cabo Verde 33.89 2019
93 Belize 33.52 2019
94 Jamaica 32.91 2019
95 Mexico 31.50 2019
96 Panama 31.40 2019
97 Botswana 30.53 2019
98 Dominican Republic 30.10 2019
99 Moldova 29.83 2019
100 St. Lucia 29.12 2019
101 Kyrgyz Republic 28.99 2019
102 Greece 28.91 2019
103 Chile 27.58 2019
104 Brazil 26.32 2019
105 Algeria 26.27 2019
106 Serbia 26.14 2019
107 Kazakhstan 26.06 2019
108 Malaysia 25.75 2019
109 Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.51 2019
110 Romania 24.43 2019
111 Uruguay 24.15 2019
112 Turkmenistan 22.52 2019
113 Korea 22.42 2019
114 Argentina 21.38 2019
115 Costa Rica 20.61 2019
116 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.41 2019
117 North Macedonia 19.31 2019
118 Syrian Arab Republic 18.63 2019
119 Tunisia 18.37 2019
120 Italy 16.93 2019
121 Lebanon 16.84 2019
122 Poland 15.84 2019
123 Trinidad and Tobago 15.73 2019
124 Montenegro 15.09 2019
125 New Zealand 14.94 2019
126 Mauritius 14.79 2019
127 Ukraine 13.58 2019
128 New Caledonia 13.41 2019
129 Netherlands 13.04 2019
130 South Africa 12.86 2019
131 Czech Republic 12.74 2019
132 Portugal 12.72 2019
133 Switzerland 12.70 2019
134 Australia 12.44 2019
135 Spain 12.12 2019
136 Canada 11.84 2019
137 Barbados 11.80 2019
138 Slovenia 11.30 2019
139 United Kingdom 10.89 2019
140 Belgium 10.63 2019
141 Suriname 10.57 2019
142 Slovak Republic 10.37 2019
143 Latvia 10.30 2019
144 Cyprus 10.06 2019
145 Croatia 9.96 2019
146 Austria 9.74 2019
147 Singapore 9.42 2019
148 Lithuania 9.28 2019
149 Bulgaria 9.02 2019
150 Finland 9.01 2019
151 Japan 8.85 2019
152 Israel 8.81 2019
153 Luxembourg 8.62 2019
154 The Bahamas 8.49 2019
155 France 8.49 2019
156 Brunei 8.36 2019
157 Hungary 8.15 2019
158 Puerto Rico 8.05 2019
159 Malta 7.76 2019
160 Ireland 7.64 2019
161 Iceland 7.63 2019
162 Germany 7.52 2019
163 Cuba 7.11 2019
164 Estonia 6.38 2019
165 Sweden 5.76 2019
166 Russia 5.44 2019
167 Denmark 5.26 2019
168 Hong Kong SAR, China 5.22 2019
169 United States 5.17 2019
170 Libya 4.73 2019
171 Oman 4.43 2019
172 Norway 4.26 2019
173 Macao SAR, China 3.49 2019
174 Jordan 3.27 2019
175 Bahrain 3.16 2019
176 Belarus 2.82 2019
177 United Arab Emirates 2.39 2019
178 Saudi Arabia 1.35 2019
179 Kuwait 0.61 2019
180 Qatar 0.41 2019

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Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual