Employers, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in September 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Azerbaijan 13.24 2019
2 Honduras 11.66 2019
3 Egypt 10.55 2019
4 Lebanon 9.34 2019
5 Montenegro 8.61 2019
6 Kenya 8.06 2019
7 Yemen 7.35 2019
8 Greece 7.34 2019
9 Tunisia 7.13 2019
10 Belize 6.74 2019
11 New Zealand 6.15 2019
12 Italy 6.15 2019
13 Australia 6.14 2019
14 Sudan 5.95 2019
15 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.95 2019
16 St. Lucia 5.90 2019
17 Jordan 5.86 2019
18 Switzerland 5.80 2019
19 Ghana 5.69 2019
20 South Africa 5.46 2019
21 Nicaragua 5.41 2019
22 Paraguay 5.37 2019
23 Trinidad and Tobago 5.33 2019
24 Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.20 2019
25 Spain 5.08 2019
26 Comoros 5.07 2019
27 Samoa 4.94 2019
28 Croatia 4.86 2019
29 Cabo Verde 4.84 2019
30 Singapore 4.80 2019
31 Portugal 4.76 2019
32 Brazil 4.74 2019
33 Latvia 4.67 2019
34 Syrian Arab Republic 4.66 2019
35 Malta 4.64 2019
36 Hungary 4.63 2019
37 Austria 4.62 2019
38 Estonia 4.61 2019
39 Mexico 4.58 2019
40 Namibia 4.57 2019
41 Turkey 4.55 2019
42 North Macedonia 4.55 2019
43 Canada 4.50 2019
44 The Bahamas 4.49 2019
45 Chile 4.45 2019
46 Bangladesh 4.39 2019
47 Ireland 4.38 2019
48 Bolivia 4.38 2019
49 Germany 4.34 2019
50 Mauritius 4.31 2019
51 Angola 4.31 2019
52 Algeria 4.20 2019
53 France 4.17 2019
54 Costa Rica 4.13 2019
55 New Caledonia 4.11 2019
56 Colombia 4.10 2019
57 Uruguay 4.09 2019
58 Israel 4.08 2019
59 Belgium 4.06 2019
60 Poland 4.04 2019
61 Puerto Rico 3.99 2019
62 Netherlands 3.94 2019
63 Peru 3.94 2019
64 El Salvador 3.94 2019
65 Finland 3.91 2019
66 Argentina 3.86 2019
67 Madagascar 3.83 2019
67 Iceland 3.83 2019
69 Iran 3.82 2019
70 Slovenia 3.81 2019
71 Guyana 3.78 2019
72 Philippines 3.74 2019
73 Bulgaria 3.67 2019
74 Sweden 3.58 2019
75 Jamaica 3.57 2019
76 Venezuela 3.55 2019
77 Luxembourg 3.48 2019
78 Indonesia 3.48 2019
79 Malaysia 3.47 2019
80 Dominican Republic 3.46 2019
81 Serbia 3.35 2019
82 Iraq 3.33 2019
83 Uganda 3.19 2019
84 Slovak Republic 3.19 2019
85 Czech Republic 3.13 2019
86 Cameroon 3.12 2019
87 Nigeria 3.11 2019
87 China 3.11 2019
89 Denmark 3.11 2019
90 Sri Lanka 3.05 2019
91 Ecuador 3.02 2019
92 Myanmar 3.01 2019
93 Macao SAR, China 2.99 2019
94 Guatemala 2.95 2019
95 Thailand 2.88 2019
96 Hong Kong SAR, China 2.78 2019
97 Tanzania 2.77 2019
98 Brunei 2.72 2019
99 United Arab Emirates 2.72 2019
100 Mauritania 2.72 2019
101 Botswana 2.72 2019
102 Sierra Leone 2.71 2019
103 Panama 2.67 2019
104 Morocco 2.62 2019
105 Mozambique 2.45 2019
106 United States 2.45 2019
107 Albania 2.44 2019
108 Lithuania 2.44 2019
109 Gabon 2.41 2019
110 United Kingdom 2.39 2019
111 Djibouti 2.27 2019
112 Eswatini 2.19 2019
113 Cyprus 2.13 2019
114 Liberia 2.07 2019
115 Vietnam 2.04 2019
116 Dem. Rep. Congo 2.01 2019
117 Georgia 2.00 2019
118 Côte d'Ivoire 1.98 2019
119 Japan 1.97 2019
120 Suriname 1.94 2019
121 Turkmenistan 1.91 2019
122 Saudi Arabia 1.86 2019
123 Equatorial Guinea 1.83 2019
124 Norway 1.77 2019
125 Korea 1.75 2019
126 Somalia 1.75 2019
127 Papua New Guinea 1.73 2019
128 Guinea 1.72 2019
129 Bahrain 1.70 2019
130 Timor-Leste 1.66 2019
131 Uzbekistan 1.65 2019
132 India 1.64 2019
132 São Tomé and Principe 1.64 2019
134 Kyrgyz Republic 1.60 2019
135 Togo 1.55 2019
136 Vanuatu 1.49 2019
137 The Gambia 1.49 2019
138 Kazakhstan 1.35 2019
139 Pakistan 1.35 2019
140 Russia 1.35 2019
141 Cuba 1.33 2019
142 Haiti 1.31 2019
143 Benin 1.30 2019
144 Solomon Islands 1.28 2019
145 Oman 1.26 2019
146 Fiji 1.21 2019
147 Malawi 1.14 2019
148 Tonga 1.14 2019
149 Eritrea 1.12 2019
150 Congo 1.11 2019
151 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 1.11 2019
152 Guinea-Bissau 1.08 2019
153 Romania 1.06 2019
154 Armenia 1.06 2019
155 Nepal 1.04 2019
156 Mongolia 1.00 2019
157 Central African Republic 0.94 2019
158 Niger 0.91 2019
159 Libya 0.91 2019
160 Belarus 0.90 2019
161 Ukraine 0.88 2019
162 Barbados 0.86 2019
163 Senegal 0.86 2019
164 Lesotho 0.70 2019
165 Burkina Faso 0.69 2019
166 Kuwait 0.67 2019
167 Mali 0.59 2019
168 Lao PDR 0.56 2019
169 Ethiopia 0.55 2019
170 Afghanistan 0.52 2019
171 Zimbabwe 0.48 2019
172 Tajikistan 0.42 2019
173 Cambodia 0.41 2019
174 Moldova 0.35 2019
175 Zambia 0.30 2019
176 Qatar 0.28 2019
177 Chad 0.24 2019
178 Bhutan 0.11 2019
179 Burundi 0.08 2019
180 Rwanda 0.06 2019

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Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual