Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in September 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Iceland 75.83 2019
2 Madagascar 73.84 2019
3 Nepal 72.06 2019
4 Niger 71.37 2019
5 Ethiopia 70.41 2019
6 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 69.97 2019
7 Cambodia 69.48 2019
8 Tanzania 69.08 2019
9 Zimbabwe 67.33 2019
10 Qatar 64.86 2019
11 Netherlands 63.15 2019
12 Switzerland 62.84 2019
13 Rwanda 62.48 2019
14 Eritrea 62.16 2019
15 Togo 61.38 2019
16 Malawi 59.47 2019
17 Lao PDR 58.80 2019
18 Mozambique 58.45 2019
19 Australia 57.98 2019
20 Peru 57.74 2019
21 Denmark 56.97 2019
22 Solomon Islands 56.93 2019
23 Canada 56.02 2019
24 Afghanistan 55.67 2019
25 New Zealand 54.84 2019
26 Vietnam 53.22 2019
27 Chad 53.20 2019
28 Cameroon 52.49 2019
29 Uganda 52.10 2019
30 Austria 50.84 2019
31 Guatemala 50.74 2019
32 United Kingdom 50.74 2019
33 Burundi 50.60 2019
34 Paraguay 50.27 2019
35 Vanuatu 50.12 2019
36 Myanmar 48.85 2019
37 United Arab Emirates 48.24 2019
38 Central African Republic 48.21 2019
39 Guinea-Bissau 48.05 2019
40 Norway 47.85 2019
41 Honduras 47.64 2019
42 Burkina Faso 47.31 2019
43 Germany 47.30 2019
44 Angola 47.24 2019
45 United States 47.09 2019
46 Zambia 46.31 2019
47 Nicaragua 46.00 2019
48 Mali 45.78 2019
49 Israel 45.26 2019
50 Malta 44.94 2019
51 Sweden 44.29 2019
52 Macao SAR, China 43.99 2019
53 Finland 43.91 2019
54 Japan 42.74 2019
55 Guinea 42.65 2019
56 Colombia 42.63 2019
57 Turkmenistan 42.43 2019
58 Uzbekistan 42.35 2019
59 The Bahamas 41.93 2019
60 Ecuador 41.86 2019
61 El Salvador 41.61 2019
62 Bahrain 41.40 2019
63 Mexico 41.39 2019
64 Panama 41.08 2019
65 Benin 40.80 2019
66 China 40.75 2019
67 Belize 40.70 2019
68 Kazakhstan 40.57 2019
69 Ireland 40.28 2019
70 Brazil 40.26 2019
71 Belarus 40.19 2019
72 Indonesia 39.67 2019
73 Thailand 39.58 2019
74 Pakistan 39.36 2019
75 Bolivia 39.33 2019
76 Oman 38.88 2019
77 Dominican Republic 38.38 2019
78 Estonia 38.05 2019
79 Hong Kong SAR, China 37.60 2019
80 Uruguay 37.21 2019
81 Malaysia 37.01 2019
82 Guyana 37.00 2019
83 Bangladesh 36.74 2019
84 Cabo Verde 36.74 2019
85 Trinidad and Tobago 36.63 2019
86 Singapore 36.35 2019
87 Tonga 36.12 2019
88 Djibouti 35.98 2019
89 Ghana 35.97 2019
90 Cuba 35.96 2019
91 The Gambia 35.85 2019
92 Philippines 35.61 2019
93 Kyrgyz Republic 34.93 2019
94 Turkey 34.68 2019
95 Azerbaijan 34.45 2019
96 Costa Rica 34.17 2019
97 Papua New Guinea 33.76 2019
98 Côte d'Ivoire 33.71 2019
99 Congo 33.63 2019
100 Slovenia 33.59 2019
101 Fiji 33.25 2019
102 Dem. Rep. Congo 32.42 2019
103 Barbados 32.28 2019
104 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 31.58 2019
105 Latvia 31.49 2019
106 Venezuela 31.28 2019
107 Mauritius 31.20 2019
108 Poland 30.77 2019
109 Lithuania 30.63 2019
110 Jamaica 30.38 2019
111 São Tomé and Principe 30.15 2019
112 France 29.98 2019
113 Lesotho 29.92 2019
114 Cyprus 29.83 2019
115 New Caledonia 29.70 2019
116 St. Lucia 29.70 2019
117 Kenya 29.05 2019
118 Liberia 28.87 2019
119 Botswana 28.47 2019
120 Bhutan 28.38 2019
121 Hungary 28.34 2019
122 Korea 28.27 2019
123 Portugal 28.07 2019
124 Brunei 27.58 2019
125 Argentina 27.53 2019
126 Chile 27.45 2019
127 Czech Republic 27.28 2019
128 Russia 27.17 2019
129 Croatia 27.14 2019
130 India 26.99 2019
131 Georgia 26.90 2019
132 Slovak Republic 26.57 2019
133 Ukraine 26.30 2019
134 Senegal 26.06 2019
135 Sierra Leone 25.92 2019
136 Luxembourg 25.80 2019
137 Equatorial Guinea 25.79 2019
138 Romania 25.26 2019
139 Somalia 24.76 2019
140 Haiti 24.71 2019
141 Lebanon 24.68 2019
142 Kuwait 24.62 2019
143 Iraq 24.60 2019
144 Mongolia 23.54 2019
145 Syrian Arab Republic 23.28 2019
146 Belgium 22.65 2019
147 Tajikistan 22.42 2019
148 Armenia 22.14 2019
149 Bulgaria 22.13 2019
150 Suriname 22.12 2019
151 Albania 21.95 2019
152 Spain 21.61 2019
153 Egypt 21.09 2019
154 Tunisia 20.87 2019
155 Mauritania 20.81 2019
156 Yemen 20.58 2019
157 Morocco 20.41 2019
158 Sudan 20.35 2019
159 Namibia 19.81 2019
160 Sri Lanka 19.69 2019
161 Montenegro 19.65 2019
162 Serbia 19.35 2019
163 Libya 19.26 2019
164 Iran 18.80 2019
165 Nigeria 18.41 2019
166 Samoa 18.14 2019
167 Italy 18.12 2019
168 Eswatini 17.91 2019
169 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.60 2019
170 Puerto Rico 17.38 2019
171 Algeria 17.32 2019
172 North Macedonia 17.26 2019
173 Moldova 16.83 2019
174 Greece 15.33 2019
175 Jordan 14.57 2019
176 Saudi Arabia 13.79 2019
177 Comoros 13.12 2019
178 Timor-Leste 12.39 2019
179 South Africa 12.25 2019
180 Gabon 11.40 2019

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: National estimates are also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.