Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Iceland 75.42 2018
2 Ethiopia 72.25 2013
3 Madagascar 72.12 2015
4 Cambodia 72.12 2016
5 Zimbabwe 70.26 2014
6 Solomon Islands 69.84 2013
7 Tanzania 69.56 2014
8 Qatar 68.50 2018
9 Netherlands 63.94 2018
10 Switzerland 62.59 2018
11 Niger 61.68 2014
12 Australia 59.86 2018
13 Mozambique 57.92 2015
14 Denmark 57.27 2018
15 New Zealand 56.80 2018
16 Canada 56.30 2018
17 Liberia 55.63 2016
18 St. Kitts and Nevis 54.61 1991
19 Togo 52.75 2015
20 Vietnam 52.50 2018
21 Honduras 51.43 2018
22 Burundi 51.33 2017
22 Austria 51.33 2018
24 Malta 50.92 2018
25 United Arab Emirates 50.83 2018
26 United Kingdom 50.64 2018
27 United States 50.46 2018
28 Paraguay 50.03 2018
29 Guatemala 49.84 2017
30 Vanuatu 49.65 2009
31 Norway 49.08 2018
32 Seychelles 48.47 2018
33 Liechtenstein 48.24 2015
34 Myanmar 47.75 2018
35 Cayman Islands 47.74 2015
36 Nicaragua 47.29 2014
37 Germany 47.16 2018
38 Burkina Faso 47.15 2014
39 Mali 46.74 2018
40 Bolivia 46.19 2018
41 Peru 46.11 2018
42 Japan 45.92 2018
43 Cameroon 45.47 2014
44 Sweden 45.11 2018
45 Guinea 44.54 2002
46 Macao SAR, China 44.48 2016
47 Finland 44.05 2018
48 Israel 43.70 2018
49 Colombia 42.90 2018
50 Belarus 42.20 2009
51 El Salvador 41.88 2018
52 Bahrain 41.83 2015
53 Kenya 41.77 2016
54 Estonia 41.72 2018
55 Mexico 40.74 2018
56 Benin 40.62 2011
57 Ecuador 40.50 2018
58 Ireland 40.29 2018
59 Thailand 39.96 2018
60 Indonesia 39.86 2018
61 Belize 39.74 2017
62 Brazil 39.49 2018
63 Guyana 39.32 2017
64 Panama 39.17 2018
65 Nauru 38.40 2013
66 Malaysia 38.39 2017
67 Trinidad and Tobago 37.92 2016
68 Dominican Republic 37.72 2017
69 Pakistan 36.90 2018
70 Hong Kong SAR, China 36.70 2016
71 Uganda 36.55 2017
72 The Gambia 35.98 2012
73 Papua New Guinea 35.92 2010
74 Uruguay 35.36 2018
75 Bangladesh 35.30 2017
76 Slovenia 35.16 2018
77 Turkey 34.98 2018
78 Mauritius 34.75 2018
79 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 34.67 2008
80 St. Lucia 34.66 2016
81 Singapore 34.54 2018
82 Timor-Leste 34.49 2016
83 Kyrgyz Republic 34.39 2018
84 Oman 34.31 2016
85 Venezuela 34.18 2013
86 Haiti 33.73 2012
87 Costa Rica 33.72 2018
88 Fiji 33.35 2016
89 Philippines 33.32 2018
90 Latvia 33.11 2018
91 Dem. Rep. Congo 32.82 2012
92 Lithuania 32.43 2018
93 Afghanistan 32.36 2017
94 Tuvalu 32.16 2016
95 Barbados 32.04 2016
96 Cyprus 31.30 2018
97 Poland 30.96 2018
98 Rwanda 30.68 2018
99 Argentina 30.06 2018
100 France 29.85 2018
101 Lesotho 29.59 2013
102 Ghana 29.01 2017
103 Hungary 28.98 2018
104 Luxembourg 28.42 2018
105 Czech Republic 28.36 2018
106 Georgia 28.35 2018
107 Russia 28.34 2018
108 Brunei 27.94 2017
109 Palau 27.72 2014
110 Côte d'Ivoire 27.64 2017
111 Ukraine 27.62 2018
112 Chile 27.55 2018
113 Slovak Republic 27.46 2018
114 Malawi 27.45 2017
115 Portugal 27.24 2018
116 New Caledonia 27.14 2014
117 Suriname 26.95 2015
118 Botswana 26.92 2013
119 Bhutan 26.45 2015
120 Sierra Leone 26.06 2014
121 Jamaica 25.93 2018
122 Senegal 25.78 2015
123 Sri Lanka 25.67 2016
124 Croatia 25.55 2018
125 Congo 25.48 2005
126 Belgium 24.96 2018
127 Romania 24.71 2018
128 Korea 24.53 2018
129 Nigeria 24.51 2016
130 Mongolia 24.04 2018
131 Syrian Arab Republic 24.00 2010
132 Lebanon 23.94 2007
133 Cabo Verde 23.55 2018
134 Tajikistan 23.34 2016
135 Lao PDR 23.22 2017
136 Montenegro 23.19 2018
137 Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.09 2019
138 Nepal 22.52 2017
139 Morocco 22.32 2016
140 Angola 22.05 2014
141 San Marino 22.04 2016
142 Samoa 22.03 2017
143 Armenia 21.71 2017
144 Spain 21.66 2018
145 Albania 21.65 2017
146 Kuwait 21.62 2016
147 Serbia 21.09 2018
148 Mauritania 20.87 2012
149 Kiribati 20.85 2015
150 Bulgaria 20.68 2018
151 India 20.59 2018
152 Sudan 20.43 2011
153 Egypt 20.41 2017
154 Iraq 20.40 2017
155 Iran 19.72 2018
156 Algeria 19.50 2017
157 Yemen 19.48 2014
158 Moldova 19.29 2018
159 Puerto Rico 19.20 2012
160 Tunisia 18.76 2015
161 Namibia 18.13 2018
162 Italy 17.68 2018
163 North Macedonia 17.37 2018
164 Jordan 17.20 2012
165 Zambia 14.40 2017
166 Greece 13.99 2018
167 Saudi Arabia 13.73 2018
168 Eswatini 13.18 2016
169 South Africa 11.85 2018
170 Comoros 11.82 2014
171 Gabon 11.74 2010
172 Libya 9.08 2012

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.