Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, total (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 99.50 2016
2 Iceland 77.60 2016
3 Nepal 73.90 2008
4 Ethiopia 72.20 2013
5 Madagascar 72.10 2015
6 Zimbabwe 70.30 2014
7 Niger 70.00 2011
8 Tanzania 69.60 2014
9 Rwanda 64.20 2014
10 Togo 62.70 2011
11 Switzerland 62.50 2016
12 Lao PDR 62.10 2010
13 Mozambique 61.00 2015
14 Netherlands 60.80 2016
15 Cambodia 60.70 2012
16 Malawi 59.90 2013
17 Myanmar 58.90 2015
18 Australia 58.40 2016
19 Denmark 58.20 2016
20 Canada 55.40 2016
21 St. Kitts and Nevis 54.60 1991
22 New Zealand 54.30 2016
23 Cameroon 53.30 2010
24 Vietnam 52.60 2016
25 Ghana 51.40 2013
26 Burundi 51.30 2014
27 Paraguay 51.00 2016
27 Austria 51.00 2016
29 United Kingdom 50.80 2016
29 Uganda 50.80 2012
31 Vanuatu 49.60 2009
32 Guatemala 49.50 2016
33 United States 49.40 2016
34 Norway 48.50 2016
35 Liechtenstein 48.20 2015
36 Zambia 48.00 2012
36 Angola 48.00 2011
38 Cayman Islands 47.70 2015
39 Seychelles 47.40 2015
39 Burkina Faso 47.40 2014
41 Nicaragua 47.30 2014
42 Honduras 46.60 2016
43 Peru 46.40 2016
44 Malta 46.20 2016
45 Germany 45.80 2016
46 Guinea 44.50 2002
46 Macao SAR, China 44.50 2016
46 Sweden 44.50 2016
49 Colombia 44.30 2016
49 Israel 44.30 2016
51 Mali 43.00 2016
52 Japan 42.40 2016
53 Belarus 42.20 2009
54 Bahrain 41.80 2015
55 El Salvador 41.70 2016
55 Finland 41.70 2016
57 Trinidad and Tobago 41.10 2015
58 Bolivia 41.00 2015
59 Thailand 40.80 2015
59 Mexico 40.80 2016
61 Benin 40.60 2011
62 Ecuador 40.20 2016
63 Belize 39.40 2016
63 Brazil 39.40 2016
65 Indonesia 38.90 2016
66 Kenya 38.50 1999
67 Malaysia 38.40 2016
68 Panama 38.20 2016
69 Bangladesh 38.00 2016
70 Uruguay 37.70 2016
71 Pakistan 37.60 2015
72 Estonia 37.50 2016
73 Philippines 36.90 2016
74 Dominican Republic 36.60 2006
75 The Gambia 36.00 2012
76 Papua New Guinea 35.90 2010
76 Hong Kong SAR, China 35.90 2015
78 Singapore 35.80 2016
79 Kyrgyz Republic 35.30 2016
80 Côte d'Ivoire 34.80 2016
81 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 34.70 2008
81 St. Lucia 34.70 2016
83 Turkey 34.10 2016
84 Venezuela 33.60 2015
85 Costa Rica 33.20 2016
86 Mauritius 32.90 2014
87 Latvia 32.80 2016
88 Ireland 32.10 2016
89 Barbados 32.00 2016
90 Russia 31.80 2015
91 Argentina 31.30 2014
92 Fiji 31.20 2014
93 Liberia 30.70 2010
94 Lithuania 30.20 2016
95 Lesotho 29.60 2013
96 India 29.30 2012
97 Chile 29.20 2016
98 Slovenia 28.60 2016
98 Czech Republic 28.60 2016
100 Poland 28.40 2016
101 Azerbaijan 28.30 2011
102 Ukraine 28.20 2015
103 Hungary 28.10 2016
104 France 27.80 2016
105 Georgia 27.40 2012
106 Brunei 27.20 2014
106 Korea 27.20 2016
108 New Caledonia 27.10 2014
109 Suriname 27.00 2015
110 Armenia 26.90 2015
110 Botswana 26.90 2013
112 Oman 26.80 2010
113 Bhutan 26.40 2015
113 Cyprus 26.40 2016
115 Sierra Leone 26.10 2014
116 Morocco 25.90 2014
117 Senegal 25.80 2015
118 Sri Lanka 25.70 2016
119 Croatia 25.60 2016
120 Congo 25.50 2005
121 Slovak Republic 25.20 2016
122 Jamaica 25.00 2016
123 Luxembourg 24.90 2016
124 Kiribati 24.70 2010
125 Palau 24.50 2000
126 Syrian Arab Republic 24.00 2010
127 Lebanon 23.90 2007
127 Portugal 23.90 2016
129 Belgium 22.70 2016
130 Romania 22.30 2016
131 Mongolia 22.10 2016
132 San Marino 22.00 2016
133 Tunisia 21.90 2012
134 Egypt 21.70 2016
135 Nigeria 21.20 2013
136 Montenegro 21.00 2016
137 Namibia 20.20 2016
138 Bulgaria 19.80 2016
139 Serbia 19.70 2016
140 Yemen 19.50 2014
141 Puerto Rico 19.20 2012
142 Iran 18.90 2016
142 Albania 18.90 2015
144 Algeria 18.40 2016
144 Spain 18.40 2016
146 Samoa 17.70 2014
147 Moldova 17.40 2016
148 Jordan 17.20 2012
149 Italy 16.60 2016
150 Macedonia 16.20 2016
151 Saudi Arabia 15.00 2016
152 Comoros 14.10 2004
153 Haiti 13.80 2003
154 Greece 13.00 2016
155 South Africa 12.30 2016
156 Bosnia and Herzegovina 11.90 2016
157 Gabon 11.70 2010
158 Timor-Leste 11.10 2013
159 Libya 9.10 2012

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.