Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in September 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Niger 83.54 2019
2 Madagascar 76.33 2019
3 Qatar 74.50 2019
4 Ethiopia 74.44 2019
5 Iceland 74.39 2019
6 Zimbabwe 73.11 2019
7 Cambodia 72.44 2019
8 Tanzania 71.69 2019
9 Nepal 70.20 2019
10 Afghanistan 69.46 2019
11 Guatemala 69.23 2019
12 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 69.05 2019
13 Eritrea 66.58 2019
14 Honduras 65.01 2019
15 Nicaragua 63.89 2019
16 Switzerland 63.40 2019
17 Rwanda 62.82 2019
18 Paraguay 62.59 2019
19 Peru 61.79 2019
20 Malawi 61.62 2019
21 Netherlands 61.58 2019
22 Solomon Islands 61.27 2019
23 Togo 61.16 2019
24 United Arab Emirates 59.92 2019
25 Mozambique 58.48 2019
26 Oman 58.30 2019
27 Pakistan 58.22 2019
28 Australia 57.58 2019
29 Myanmar 56.83 2019
30 Vietnam 56.59 2019
31 Cameroon 56.31 2019
32 New Zealand 56.18 2019
33 Lao PDR 56.15 2019
34 Denmark 55.74 2019
35 El Salvador 55.56 2019
36 Belize 55.30 2019
37 Burkina Faso 55.26 2019
38 Vanuatu 55.21 2019
39 The Bahamas 55.05 2019
40 Canada 54.95 2019
41 Uganda 54.84 2019
42 Bahrain 54.41 2019
43 Mexico 53.52 2019
44 Austria 52.97 2019
45 Chad 52.89 2019
46 Panama 52.69 2019
47 Ecuador 52.41 2019
48 Colombia 51.71 2019
49 Uzbekistan 51.67 2019
50 Turkmenistan 51.13 2019
51 Dominican Republic 51.11 2019
52 United Kingdom 50.81 2019
53 Bangladesh 50.79 2019
54 Central African Republic 50.69 2019
55 Mali 49.78 2019
56 Guinea-Bissau 49.45 2019
57 Germany 48.13 2019
58 Guyana 47.66 2019
59 United States 47.44 2019
60 Angola 47.27 2019
61 Bolivia 47.26 2019
62 Indonesia 47.07 2019
63 Zambia 46.98 2019
64 Norway 46.97 2019
65 Tonga 46.96 2019
66 Thailand 46.82 2019
67 Brazil 46.66 2019
68 Malta 45.95 2019
69 Kyrgyz Republic 45.71 2019
70 Turkey 45.58 2019
71 Israel 45.44 2019
72 Fiji 45.09 2019
73 Burundi 44.77 2019
74 Macao SAR, China 44.50 2019
75 Philippines 44.50 2019
76 Cuba 44.44 2019
77 Uruguay 44.39 2019
78 São Tomé and Principe 44.32 2019
79 Iraq 44.14 2019
80 Kazakhstan 43.86 2019
81 Malaysia 43.55 2019
82 Trinidad and Tobago 43.44 2019
83 Sweden 42.99 2019
84 Costa Rica 42.99 2019
85 Finland 42.30 2019
86 Japan 42.06 2019
87 India 41.42 2019
88 China 41.40 2019
89 Venezuela 41.18 2019
90 The Gambia 41.05 2019
91 Belarus 40.96 2019
92 Ireland 40.62 2019
93 Syrian Arab Republic 40.56 2019
94 Estonia 40.15 2019
95 Cabo Verde 39.77 2019
96 Somalia 39.37 2019
97 Singapore 38.76 2019
98 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.42 2019
99 Ghana 38.33 2019
100 Côte d'Ivoire 38.05 2019
101 Benin 37.69 2019
102 Yemen 37.50 2019
103 Mauritius 37.18 2019
104 Slovenia 37.03 2019
105 Lesotho 37.00 2019
106 St. Lucia 36.95 2019
107 Guinea 36.91 2019
108 Djibouti 36.84 2019
109 Kuwait 36.51 2019
110 Hong Kong SAR, China 36.35 2019
111 Lebanon 35.82 2019
112 Georgia 35.65 2019
113 Azerbaijan 35.54 2019
114 Jamaica 35.46 2019
115 Poland 35.25 2019
116 Argentina 34.36 2019
117 Barbados 34.27 2019
118 Latvia 33.86 2019
119 Botswana 33.32 2019
120 Congo 33.06 2019
121 Papua New Guinea 32.76 2019
122 France 32.73 2019
123 Lithuania 32.69 2019
124 New Caledonia 32.56 2019
125 Croatia 32.39 2019
126 Hungary 32.16 2019
127 Slovak Republic 31.97 2019
128 Czech Republic 31.68 2019
129 Sudan 31.63 2019
130 Senegal 31.57 2019
131 Chile 31.53 2019
132 Kenya 30.84 2019
133 Iran 30.83 2019
134 Egypt 30.57 2019
135 Russia 30.41 2019
136 Morocco 30.32 2019
137 Libya 30.15 2019
138 Algeria 29.88 2019
139 Brunei 29.80 2019
140 Suriname 29.77 2019
141 Portugal 29.64 2019
142 Haiti 29.45 2019
143 Romania 29.19 2019
144 Liberia 29.05 2019
145 Dem. Rep. Congo 28.80 2019
146 Ukraine 28.80 2019
147 Tunisia 28.54 2019
148 Mongolia 28.50 2019
149 Mauritania 28.10 2019
150 Sri Lanka 28.05 2019
151 Armenia 28.03 2019
152 Equatorial Guinea 28.01 2019
153 Tajikistan 27.98 2019
154 Luxembourg 27.49 2019
155 Bhutan 27.35 2019
156 Cyprus 26.99 2019
157 Albania 26.50 2019
158 Bulgaria 25.60 2019
159 Korea 25.40 2019
160 Jordan 25.00 2019
161 Belgium 24.49 2019
162 Serbia 23.86 2019
163 Namibia 23.42 2019
164 Samoa 23.35 2019
165 Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.34 2019
166 Spain 22.77 2019
167 Montenegro 22.66 2019
168 Saudi Arabia 22.05 2019
169 North Macedonia 21.91 2019
170 Eswatini 21.47 2019
171 Italy 21.42 2019
172 Puerto Rico 21.25 2019
173 Nigeria 20.33 2019
174 Sierra Leone 20.24 2019
175 Moldova 18.24 2019
176 Greece 17.10 2019
177 Timor-Leste 16.21 2019
178 South Africa 14.69 2019
179 Gabon 13.89 2019
180 Comoros 12.54 2019

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: National estimates are also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.