Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 99.80 2016
2 Niger 82.90 2011
3 Iceland 77.10 2016
4 Ethiopia 77.00 2013
5 Zimbabwe 75.40 2014
6 Nepal 74.50 2008
7 Madagascar 73.50 2015
8 Tanzania 72.10 2014
9 Guatemala 68.70 2016
10 Nicaragua 66.80 2014
10 Myanmar 66.80 2015
12 Honduras 64.90 2016
13 Rwanda 64.80 2014
14 Paraguay 63.40 2016
15 Togo 62.50 2011
16 Malawi 62.00 2013
17 Switzerland 61.80 2016
18 St. Kitts and Nevis 61.20 1991
19 Cambodia 60.60 2012
20 Mozambique 59.80 2015
21 Netherlands 59.60 2016
22 Lao PDR 58.30 2010
23 Australia 58.00 2016
24 Cameroon 57.90 2010
25 Denmark 56.50 2016
25 New Zealand 56.50 2016
27 Pakistan 56.40 2015
28 Burkina Faso 56.20 2014
29 Vietnam 55.60 2016
30 El Salvador 55.10 2016
31 Vanuatu 54.80 2009
32 Bahrain 54.20 2015
33 Canada 54.00 2016
34 Uganda 53.60 2012
35 Ghana 53.40 2013
36 Belize 53.30 2016
37 Bangladesh 53.10 2016
37 Mexico 53.10 2016
39 Austria 52.90 2016
39 Colombia 52.90 2016
41 Seychelles 52.00 2015
42 Liechtenstein 51.50 2015
43 Peru 50.90 2016
44 United Kingdom 50.60 2016
45 Bolivia 50.50 2015
46 Ecuador 50.10 2016
46 Dominican Republic 50.10 2006
48 United States 50.00 2016
49 Panama 49.60 2016
50 Mali 49.30 2016
51 Malta 48.40 2016
52 Trinidad and Tobago 48.30 2015
52 Thailand 48.30 2015
54 Angola 48.20 2011
55 Norway 47.00 2016
56 Germany 46.90 2016
57 Belarus 46.80 2009
58 Indonesia 46.60 2016
59 Venezuela 46.30 2012
60 Kyrgyz Republic 46.20 2016
61 Brazil 46.00 2016
62 Philippines 45.80 2016
63 Malaysia 45.00 2016
64 Turkey 44.90 2016
64 Burundi 44.90 2014
64 Israel 44.90 2016
67 Macao SAR, China 44.40 2016
67 Uruguay 44.40 2016
69 India 44.00 2012
70 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 43.80 2008
71 Cayman Islands 43.50 2015
72 Sweden 43.10 2016
73 Syrian Arab Republic 42.40 2010
74 Japan 42.20 2016
75 The Gambia 42.10 2012
76 Costa Rica 41.90 2016
77 Mauritius 41.80 2014
78 Fiji 40.60 2014
79 Finland 40.10 2016
80 Côte d'Ivoire 39.90 2016
81 Oman 39.80 2010
82 Kenya 39.20 1999
82 St. Lucia 39.20 2016
84 Guinea 39.00 2002
85 Estonia 38.80 2016
85 Argentina 38.80 2014
87 Singapore 38.40 2016
88 Lesotho 37.30 2013
89 Suriname 36.70 2015
90 Morocco 36.60 2014
91 Benin 36.40 2011
92 Sri Lanka 35.60 2016
93 Russia 35.40 2015
94 Hong Kong SAR, China 34.40 2015
95 Papua New Guinea 34.30 2010
95 Yemen 34.30 2014
97 Latvia 34.00 2016
98 Czech Republic 33.80 2016
99 Chile 33.60 2016
100 Barbados 33.30 2016
101 Poland 32.80 2016
102 Lebanon 32.60 2007
103 Lithuania 32.50 2016
104 Ireland 32.40 2016
105 Botswana 32.30 2013
106 Slovak Republic 31.90 2016
107 Liberia 31.70 2010
108 Algeria 31.60 2016
109 Armenia 31.50 2015
109 Hungary 31.50 2016
111 Senegal 31.40 2015
111 Ukraine 31.40 2015
113 Slovenia 31.10 2016
114 Iran 30.90 2016
115 Egypt 30.50 2016
116 Kiribati 30.40 2010
117 Tunisia 30.30 2012
118 Brunei 30.00 2014
119 France 29.80 2016
119 New Caledonia 29.80 2014
121 Jamaica 29.20 2016
121 Azerbaijan 29.20 2011
123 Croatia 28.80 2016
124 Jordan 28.20 2012
125 Romania 27.20 2016
126 San Marino 27.00 2016
127 Mongolia 26.80 2016
128 Cyprus 26.60 2016
129 Saudi Arabia 26.10 2016
130 Palau 26.00 2000
131 Bhutan 25.70 2015
132 Portugal 25.50 2016
133 Serbia 25.00 2016
134 Congo 24.40 2005
134 Luxembourg 24.40 2016
136 Namibia 24.20 2016
137 Belgium 24.00 2016
138 Albania 23.80 2015
139 Nigeria 23.50 2013
140 Korea 23.40 2016
141 Bulgaria 23.10 2016
142 Samoa 22.90 2014
143 Montenegro 22.60 2016
144 Puerto Rico 22.00 2012
145 Macedonia 20.40 2016
146 Sierra Leone 19.80 2014
147 Spain 19.40 2016
148 Italy 19.20 2016
149 Moldova 19.00 2016
150 Haiti 16.50 2003
151 Bosnia and Herzegovina 15.80 2016
152 South Africa 15.00 2016
153 Greece 14.70 2016
154 Gabon 14.40 2010
155 Libya 14.20 2012
156 Comoros 14.10 2004
157 Timor-Leste 12.60 2013

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.