Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, male (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 78.94 2018
2 Ethiopia 77.00 2013
3 Zimbabwe 75.44 2014
4 Cambodia 75.39 2016
5 Iceland 74.52 2018
6 Madagascar 73.50 2015
7 Niger 72.28 2014
8 Tanzania 72.08 2014
9 Guatemala 71.76 2017
10 Solomon Islands 69.10 2013
11 Honduras 68.55 2018
12 Nicaragua 66.83 2014
13 Netherlands 62.76 2018
14 Switzerland 62.59 2018
15 United Arab Emirates 61.90 2018
16 Paraguay 61.85 2018
17 St. Kitts and Nevis 61.25 1991
18 Australia 59.40 2018
19 Liberia 58.08 2016
20 Mozambique 57.19 2015
21 New Zealand 57.15 2018
22 Pakistan 56.29 2018
23 Burkina Faso 56.09 2014
24 Denmark 55.80 2018
25 Vietnam 55.62 2018
26 Canada 55.42 2018
27 Mali 55.37 2018
28 El Salvador 55.25 2018
29 Vanuatu 54.79 2009
30 Myanmar 54.44 2018
31 Bahrain 54.24 2015
32 Austria 53.89 2018
33 Belize 53.56 2017
34 Nauru 53.51 2013
35 Togo 53.04 2015
36 Mexico 52.90 2018
37 Colombia 51.72 2018
38 Liechtenstein 51.54 2015
39 Oman 51.43 2016
40 Bolivia 51.41 2018
41 United Kingdom 51.36 2018
42 Panama 50.92 2018
43 United States 50.58 2018
44 Ecuador 50.27 2018
45 Seychelles 49.69 2018
46 Guyana 49.57 2017
47 Cameroon 49.54 2014
48 Malta 49.48 2018
49 Dominican Republic 49.28 2017
50 Afghanistan 49.04 2017
51 Bangladesh 49.00 2017
52 Germany 48.78 2018
53 Norway 48.38 2018
54 Peru 47.76 2018
55 Tuvalu 47.54 2016
56 Indonesia 47.53 2018
57 Thailand 47.34 2018
58 Kyrgyz Republic 47.12 2018
59 Belarus 46.80 2009
60 Turkey 46.28 2018
61 Brazil 45.79 2018
62 Venezuela 45.77 2012
63 Fiji 45.45 2016
64 Japan 45.15 2018
65 Burundi 44.90 2017
66 Malaysia 44.61 2017
67 Macao SAR, China 44.44 2016
68 Sweden 43.55 2018
69 Israel 43.54 2018
70 Cayman Islands 43.51 2015
71 Estonia 43.48 2018
72 Kenya 43.34 2016
73 Uganda 43.29 2017
74 Haiti 43.20 2012
75 Trinidad and Tobago 42.99 2016
76 Costa Rica 42.65 2018
77 Finland 42.57 2018
78 Syrian Arab Republic 42.40 2010
79 The Gambia 42.07 2012
80 Ireland 41.21 2018
81 Philippines 41.20 2018
82 Uruguay 40.87 2018
83 Mauritius 39.91 2018
84 St. Lucia 39.16 2016
85 Guinea 39.05 2002
86 Slovenia 38.86 2018
87 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.50 2001
88 Timor-Leste 38.19 2016
89 Iraq 37.84 2017
90 Lesotho 37.34 2013
91 Suriname 36.68 2015
92 Argentina 36.60 2018
93 Singapore 36.48 2018
94 Benin 36.44 2011
95 Sri Lanka 35.60 2016
96 Latvia 35.47 2018
97 Hong Kong SAR, China 35.12 2016
98 Georgia 34.81 2018
99 Poland 34.71 2018
100 Rwanda 34.54 2018
101 Yemen 34.30 2014
102 Papua New Guinea 34.29 2010
103 Lithuania 34.12 2018
104 Slovak Republic 34.03 2018
105 Hungary 33.43 2018
106 Barbados 33.33 2016
107 Algeria 32.88 2017
108 Lebanon 32.60 2007
109 France 32.41 2018
110 India 32.32 2018
111 Botswana 32.28 2013
112 Czech Republic 32.17 2018
113 Morocco 32.13 2016
114 Malawi 31.81 2017
115 Iran 31.72 2018
116 Russia 31.45 2018
117 Senegal 31.38 2015
118 Nepal 31.24 2017
119 Ukraine 30.86 2018
120 Palau 30.74 2014
121 Brunei 30.71 2017
122 Croatia 30.49 2018
123 Chile 30.42 2018
124 Côte d'Ivoire 29.96 2017
125 Jamaica 29.93 2018
126 Kuwait 29.90 2016
127 Mongolia 29.90 2018
128 New Caledonia 29.77 2014
129 Mauritania 29.45 2012
130 Portugal 29.32 2018
131 Romania 28.95 2018
132 Sudan 28.93 2011
133 Samoa 28.72 2017
134 Dem. Rep. Congo 28.58 2012
135 Egypt 28.43 2017
136 Luxembourg 28.42 2018
137 Ghana 28.30 2017
138 Jordan 28.20 2012
139 Cabo Verde 27.73 2018
140 Nigeria 27.51 2016
141 Cyprus 27.35 2018
142 San Marino 26.99 2016
143 Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.89 2019
144 Tajikistan 26.38 2016
145 Belgium 26.35 2018
146 Tunisia 26.03 2015
147 Serbia 26.02 2018
148 Bhutan 25.70 2015
149 Montenegro 25.58 2018
150 Kiribati 25.53 2015
151 Armenia 25.01 2017
152 Albania 24.90 2017
153 Congo 24.39 2005
154 Angola 24.27 2014
155 Bulgaria 24.17 2018
156 Saudi Arabia 23.92 2018
157 Lao PDR 23.34 2017
158 Spain 22.73 2018
159 Puerto Rico 22.00 2012
160 North Macedonia 21.70 2018
161 Italy 20.84 2018
162 Moldova 20.29 2018
163 Korea 20.29 2018
164 Namibia 20.07 2018
165 Sierra Leone 19.85 2014
166 Zambia 17.17 2017
167 Greece 15.95 2018
168 Gabon 14.43 2010
169 South Africa 14.35 2018
170 Libya 14.22 2012
171 Eswatini 14.07 2016
172 Comoros 13.90 2014

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.