Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in September 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Iceland 77.33 2019
2 Nepal 74.01 2019
3 Madagascar 71.34 2019
4 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 70.93 2019
5 Tanzania 66.49 2019
6 Cambodia 66.45 2019
7 Ethiopia 66.32 2019
8 Netherlands 64.79 2019
9 Switzerland 62.25 2019
10 Rwanda 62.15 2019
11 Togo 61.59 2019
12 Zimbabwe 61.59 2019
13 Lao PDR 61.52 2019
14 Niger 59.17 2019
15 Mozambique 58.42 2019
16 Australia 58.40 2019
17 Denmark 58.27 2019
18 Eritrea 57.61 2019
19 Malawi 57.31 2019
20 Canada 57.16 2019
21 Burundi 56.24 2019
22 Chad 53.51 2019
23 Peru 53.49 2019
24 New Zealand 53.42 2019
25 Solomon Islands 52.26 2019
26 United Kingdom 50.66 2019
27 Vietnam 49.66 2019
28 Uganda 49.34 2019
29 Norway 48.77 2019
30 Cameroon 48.62 2019
30 Austria 48.62 2019
32 Guinea 48.52 2019
33 Angola 47.20 2019
34 United States 46.71 2019
35 Guinea-Bissau 46.66 2019
36 Germany 46.43 2019
37 Central African Republic 45.76 2019
38 Sweden 45.65 2019
39 Zambia 45.63 2019
40 Finland 45.60 2019
41 Israel 45.08 2019
42 Vanuatu 44.83 2019
43 Benin 43.98 2019
44 Malta 43.88 2019
45 Japan 43.45 2019
46 Macao SAR, China 43.44 2019
47 Mali 41.69 2019
48 Afghanistan 40.97 2019
49 Myanmar 40.86 2019
50 China 40.01 2019
51 Ireland 39.93 2019
52 Belarus 39.38 2019
53 Burkina Faso 39.08 2019
54 Hong Kong SAR, China 38.87 2019
55 Paraguay 37.47 2019
56 Kazakhstan 37.13 2019
57 Qatar 36.80 2019
58 Dem. Rep. Congo 36.05 2019
59 Estonia 35.83 2019
60 Djibouti 35.10 2019
61 Papua New Guinea 34.82 2019
62 Congo 34.20 2019
63 Singapore 33.84 2019
64 Cabo Verde 33.68 2019
65 Brazil 33.66 2019
66 Turkmenistan 33.53 2019
67 Ghana 33.51 2019
68 Colombia 33.26 2019
69 Azerbaijan 33.24 2019
70 Cyprus 32.98 2019
71 Uzbekistan 32.61 2019
72 Thailand 32.04 2019
73 Indonesia 31.83 2019
74 Guatemala 31.68 2019
75 Sierra Leone 31.49 2019
76 Korea 31.42 2019
77 Bolivia 31.17 2019
78 Ecuador 30.97 2019
79 The Gambia 30.69 2019
80 Barbados 30.24 2019
81 Malaysia 30.05 2019
82 Slovenia 29.93 2019
83 Uruguay 29.75 2019
84 Honduras 29.71 2019
85 Trinidad and Tobago 29.68 2019
86 Bhutan 29.43 2019
87 Côte d'Ivoire 29.33 2019
88 Panama 29.13 2019
89 Latvia 28.97 2019
90 Mexico 28.86 2019
91 Liberia 28.69 2019
92 The Bahamas 28.49 2019
93 Lithuania 28.45 2019
94 El Salvador 27.86 2019
95 Kenya 27.24 2019
96 France 27.11 2019
97 Nicaragua 26.96 2019
98 Cuba 26.91 2019
99 New Caledonia 26.69 2019
100 United Arab Emirates 26.58 2019
101 Portugal 26.48 2019
102 Philippines 26.18 2019
103 Belize 26.14 2019
104 Poland 26.05 2019
105 Guyana 25.48 2019
106 Dominican Republic 25.46 2019
107 Brunei 25.21 2019
108 Mauritius 25.06 2019
109 Jamaica 25.06 2019
110 Costa Rica 24.97 2019
111 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 24.53 2019
112 Hungary 24.31 2019
113 Bahrain 24.29 2019
114 Tonga 24.12 2019
115 Luxembourg 24.01 2019
116 Russia 23.77 2019
117 Kyrgyz Republic 23.68 2019
118 Ukraine 23.67 2019
119 Botswana 23.58 2019
120 Turkey 23.32 2019
121 Chile 23.18 2019
122 Equatorial Guinea 23.08 2019
123 Lesotho 22.81 2019
124 Czech Republic 22.65 2019
125 St. Lucia 22.42 2019
126 Bangladesh 22.12 2019
127 Croatia 21.61 2019
128 Romania 21.11 2019
129 Venezuela 21.09 2019
130 Slovak Republic 20.90 2019
131 Belgium 20.71 2019
132 Fiji 20.58 2019
133 Argentina 20.49 2019
133 Senegal 20.49 2019
135 Spain 20.39 2019
136 Haiti 19.95 2019
137 Pakistan 19.10 2019
138 Mongolia 18.45 2019
139 Bulgaria 18.43 2019
140 Georgia 17.11 2019
141 Albania 17.11 2019
142 Tajikistan 16.64 2019
143 Nigeria 16.44 2019
144 Montenegro 16.43 2019
145 Namibia 16.23 2019
146 São Tomé and Principe 15.77 2019
147 Armenia 15.58 2019
148 Moldova 15.36 2019
149 Italy 14.66 2019
150 Serbia 14.57 2019
151 Eswatini 14.37 2019
152 Lebanon 14.08 2019
153 Suriname 13.95 2019
154 Comoros 13.72 2019
155 Greece 13.48 2019
156 Mauritania 13.30 2019
157 Puerto Rico 13.23 2019
158 Tunisia 12.83 2019
159 Samoa 12.39 2019
160 North Macedonia 12.32 2019
161 Bosnia and Herzegovina 11.51 2019
162 Sri Lanka 11.43 2019
163 Egypt 11.17 2019
164 India 10.90 2019
165 Somalia 10.12 2019
166 Morocco 10.07 2019
167 Oman 9.85 2019
168 South Africa 9.77 2019
169 Kuwait 9.76 2019
170 Gabon 8.86 2019
171 Sudan 8.79 2019
172 Timor-Leste 8.39 2019
173 Libya 7.92 2019
174 Iran 5.60 2019
175 Saudi Arabia 4.88 2019
176 Syrian Arab Republic 4.85 2019
177 Algeria 4.26 2019
178 Iraq 4.03 2019
179 Jordan 3.96 2019
180 Yemen 3.07 2019

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: National estimates are also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.