Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Iceland 76.42 2018
2 Madagascar 70.74 2015
3 Solomon Islands 70.57 2013
4 Cambodia 68.68 2016
5 Ethiopia 67.67 2013
6 Tanzania 67.16 2014
7 Zimbabwe 65.27 2014
8 Netherlands 65.15 2018
9 Switzerland 62.58 2018
10 Australia 60.33 2018
11 Denmark 58.82 2018
12 Mozambique 58.59 2015
13 Canada 57.24 2018
14 Burundi 56.50 2017
15 New Zealand 56.44 2018
16 Liberia 53.58 2016
17 Malta 52.49 2018
18 Togo 52.41 2015
19 Cayman Islands 52.25 2015
20 Niger 51.08 2014
21 United States 50.34 2018
22 United Kingdom 49.89 2018
23 Norway 49.82 2018
24 Guinea 49.43 2002
25 Vietnam 49.35 2018
26 Austria 48.74 2018
27 St. Kitts and Nevis 47.92 1991
28 Seychelles 47.15 2018
29 Sweden 46.81 2018
30 Japan 46.80 2018
31 Finland 45.52 2018
32 Germany 45.39 2018
33 Liechtenstein 44.95 2015
34 Vanuatu 44.63 2009
35 Peru 44.53 2018
36 Benin 44.53 2011
37 Macao SAR, China 44.52 2016
38 Israel 43.88 2018
39 Cameroon 41.66 2014
40 Myanmar 41.56 2018
41 Qatar 41.44 2018
42 Bolivia 41.02 2018
43 Kenya 40.21 2016
44 Estonia 39.91 2018
45 Burkina Faso 39.51 2014
46 Ireland 39.35 2018
47 Mali 39.29 2018
48 Hong Kong SAR, China 38.35 2016
49 Paraguay 37.93 2018
50 Papua New Guinea 37.62 2010
51 Belarus 37.30 2009
52 Dem. Rep. Congo 36.63 2012
53 Cyprus 35.03 2018
54 Colombia 34.06 2018
55 Honduras 33.83 2018
56 Brazil 32.94 2018
57 Trinidad and Tobago 32.46 2016
58 Singapore 32.46 2018
59 Thailand 32.42 2018
60 United Arab Emirates 31.89 2018
61 Indonesia 31.87 2018
62 Sierra Leone 31.72 2014
63 Malaysia 31.56 2017
64 Slovenia 31.06 2018
65 The Gambia 30.83 2012
66 Timor-Leste 30.76 2016
67 Barbados 30.67 2016
68 Lithuania 30.65 2018
69 Latvia 30.63 2018
70 Uganda 30.51 2017
71 Ecuador 30.06 2018
72 Ghana 29.72 2017
73 Mauritius 29.52 2018
74 St. Lucia 29.50 2016
75 Uruguay 29.29 2018
76 El Salvador 29.18 2018
77 Guyana 29.09 2017
78 Guatemala 28.67 2017
79 Mexico 28.52 2018
80 Korea 28.43 2018
81 Luxembourg 28.43 2018
82 Nicaragua 28.26 2014
83 France 27.24 2018
84 Rwanda 27.12 2018
85 Bhutan 27.10 2015
86 Poland 27.02 2018
87 Panama 27.00 2018
88 Congo 26.51 2005
89 Belize 26.36 2017
90 Dominican Republic 25.89 2017
91 Bahrain 25.70 2015
92 Côte d'Ivoire 25.35 2017
93 Palau 25.25 2014
94 Russia 25.10 2018
95 Portugal 25.08 2018
96 Brunei 25.01 2017
97 Philippines 24.96 2018
98 New Caledonia 24.37 2014
99 Czech Republic 24.34 2018
100 Haiti 24.33 2012
101 Hungary 24.31 2018
102 Ukraine 24.20 2018
103 Chile 24.17 2018
104 Costa Rica 23.63 2018
105 Argentina 23.57 2018
106 Belgium 23.51 2018
107 Malawi 23.46 2017
108 Turkey 23.32 2018
109 Lao PDR 23.11 2017
110 Nauru 22.72 2013
111 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.60 2001
112 Venezuela 22.28 2012
113 Lesotho 21.95 2013
114 Bangladesh 21.92 2017
115 Jamaica 21.86 2018
116 Botswana 21.79 2013
117 Nigeria 21.43 2016
118 Kyrgyz Republic 21.17 2018
119 Georgia 20.98 2018
120 Fiji 20.93 2016
121 Senegal 20.92 2015
122 Montenegro 20.61 2018
123 Slovak Republic 20.56 2018
124 Spain 20.53 2018
125 Tajikistan 20.35 2016
126 Croatia 20.35 2018
127 Romania 20.26 2018
128 Angola 20.01 2014
129 Cabo Verde 19.36 2018
130 Bosnia and Herzegovina 18.37 2019
131 Moldova 18.18 2018
132 Armenia 18.12 2017
133 Mongolia 18.06 2018
134 Albania 17.72 2017
135 Pakistan 17.03 2018
136 Bulgaria 17.01 2018
137 Suriname 16.95 2015
138 Puerto Rico 16.70 2012
139 San Marino 16.67 2016
140 Sri Lanka 16.52 2016
141 Namibia 16.24 2018
142 Kiribati 16.12 2015
143 Serbia 15.84 2018
144 Afghanistan 15.60 2017
145 Nepal 15.44 2017
146 Samoa 14.83 2017
147 Italy 14.28 2018
148 Tuvalu 14.25 2016
149 Lebanon 14.17 2007
150 Mauritania 14.02 2012
151 North Macedonia 12.77 2018
152 Eswatini 12.27 2016
153 Morocco 12.14 2016
154 Zambia 12.07 2017
155 Greece 12.04 2018
156 Kuwait 11.60 2016
157 Egypt 11.55 2017
158 Tunisia 11.41 2015
159 Sudan 11.40 2011
160 Comoros 9.97 2014
161 South Africa 9.34 2018
162 Oman 9.30 2016
163 Gabon 9.26 2010
164 India 7.63 2018
165 Iran 7.20 2018
166 Algeria 5.15 2017
167 Syrian Arab Republic 5.00 2010
168 Jordan 4.60 2012
169 Libya 3.45 2012
170 Yemen 3.22 2014
171 Saudi Arabia 3.08 2018
172 Iraq 1.80 2017

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.