Employment to population ratio, ages 15-24, female (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15-24 are generally considered the youth population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 97.90 2016
2 Iceland 78.20 2016
3 Nepal 73.50 2008
4 Madagascar 70.70 2015
5 Ethiopia 67.70 2013
6 Tanzania 67.20 2014
7 Lao PDR 65.90 2010
8 Zimbabwe 65.30 2014
9 Rwanda 63.60 2014
10 Switzerland 63.20 2016
11 Togo 62.80 2011
12 Mozambique 62.10 2015
12 Netherlands 62.10 2016
14 Cambodia 60.70 2012
15 Denmark 60.00 2016
16 Niger 59.10 2011
17 Australia 58.80 2016
18 Malawi 58.10 2013
19 Canada 56.80 2016
20 Burundi 56.50 2014
21 Cayman Islands 52.20 2015
22 New Zealand 52.00 2016
23 Myanmar 51.90 2015
24 United Kingdom 51.10 2016
25 Norway 50.10 2016
26 Ghana 49.60 2013
27 Vietnam 49.40 2016
27 Guinea 49.40 2002
29 Cameroon 49.30 2010
30 Austria 49.00 2016
31 United States 48.80 2016
32 Uganda 48.10 2012
33 St. Kitts and Nevis 47.90 1991
34 Angola 47.80 2011
35 Sweden 45.90 2016
36 Liechtenstein 45.00 2015
37 Vanuatu 44.60 2009
38 Benin 44.50 2011
38 Macao SAR, China 44.50 2016
38 Germany 44.50 2016
41 Malta 43.90 2016
42 Israel 43.60 2016
43 Finland 43.30 2016
44 Seychelles 43.00 2015
45 Japan 42.90 2016
46 Peru 42.30 2016
47 Burkina Faso 39.60 2014
48 Paraguay 38.20 2016
48 Mali 38.20 2016
50 Kenya 37.80 1999
51 Papua New Guinea 37.60 2010
52 Hong Kong SAR, China 37.40 2015
53 Belarus 37.30 2009
54 Estonia 36.10 2016
55 Colombia 35.70 2016
56 Trinidad and Tobago 33.60 2015
57 Thailand 33.10 2015
58 Singapore 33.00 2016
59 Brazil 32.40 2016
60 Ireland 31.80 2016
61 Bolivia 31.70 2015
61 Sierra Leone 31.70 2014
63 Latvia 31.60 2016
64 Malaysia 31.30 2016
65 Guatemala 31.00 2016
65 Indonesia 31.00 2016
67 The Gambia 30.80 2012
67 Korea 30.80 2016
69 Barbados 30.70 2016
70 Uruguay 30.60 2016
71 Côte d'Ivoire 30.40 2016
72 Ecuador 30.20 2016
73 Liberia 29.90 2010
74 St. Lucia 29.50 2016
75 Honduras 29.40 2016
76 El Salvador 29.00 2016
77 Mexico 28.40 2016
78 Nicaragua 28.30 2014
79 Russia 28.00 2015
80 Lithuania 27.80 2016
81 Philippines 27.40 2016
82 Azerbaijan 27.30 2011
83 Bhutan 27.10 2015
84 Panama 26.50 2016
84 Congo 26.50 2005
86 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 26.30 2008
87 Cyprus 26.20 2016
88 Slovenia 26.10 2016
89 Belize 25.90 2016
90 France 25.80 2016
91 Bahrain 25.70 2015
92 Luxembourg 25.40 2016
93 Ukraine 24.80 2015
94 Hungary 24.60 2016
95 New Caledonia 24.40 2014
96 Chile 24.10 2016
97 Kyrgyz Republic 24.00 2016
98 Mauritius 23.90 2014
99 Poland 23.80 2016
100 Brunei 23.70 2014
101 Bangladesh 23.60 2016
102 Argentina 23.40 2014
103 Czech Republic 23.20 2016
103 Turkey 23.20 2016
105 Palau 22.80 2000
105 Dominican Republic 22.80 2006
107 Costa Rica 22.70 2016
108 Armenia 22.40 2015
109 Croatia 22.20 2016
109 Portugal 22.20 2016
111 Venezuela 22.10 2012
112 Lesotho 22.00 2013
113 Botswana 21.80 2013
114 Belgium 21.40 2016
115 Fiji 21.10 2014
116 Senegal 20.90 2015
117 Jamaica 20.70 2016
118 Montenegro 19.40 2016
119 Kiribati 18.80 2010
120 Pakistan 18.70 2015
120 Nigeria 18.70 2013
122 Slovak Republic 18.20 2016
123 Spain 17.20 2016
124 Romania 17.10 2016
124 Mongolia 17.10 2016
126 Suriname 17.00 2015
127 San Marino 16.70 2016
127 Puerto Rico 16.70 2012
129 Sri Lanka 16.50 2016
130 Namibia 16.40 2016
131 Bulgaria 16.20 2016
132 Moldova 15.60 2016
133 Morocco 14.70 2014
134 Comoros 14.20 2004
134 Serbia 14.20 2016
134 Lebanon 14.20 2007
137 Italy 13.70 2016
138 Albania 13.40 2015
139 Tunisia 13.30 2012
140 India 12.90 2012
141 Egypt 12.50 2016
142 Samoa 12.20 2014
143 Macedonia 11.80 2016
144 Greece 11.30 2016
144 Haiti 11.30 2003
146 Oman 10.60 2010
147 South Africa 9.60 2016
148 Timor-Leste 9.50 2013
149 Gabon 9.30 2010
150 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.10 2014
151 Iran 6.10 2016
152 Syrian Arab Republic 5.00 2010
153 Jordan 4.60 2012
154 Algeria 4.40 2016
155 Saudi Arabia 4.20 2016
156 Libya 3.40 2012
157 Yemen 3.20 2014

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.