Income share held by fourth 20% - Country Ranking

Definition: Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For mor

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Macedonia 24.30 2015
2 Spain 23.60 2014
3 Slovak Republic 23.50 2014
3 Croatia 23.50 2014
3 Israel 23.50 2012
6 Italy 23.30 2014
6 Greece 23.30 2014
6 Canada 23.30 2013
9 Korea 23.20 2012
10 Mauritania 23.10 2014
10 Romania 23.10 2013
12 Argentina 22.90 2014
12 United Kingdom 22.90 2014
12 Luxembourg 22.90 2014
12 Sudan 22.90 2009
12 Sweden 22.90 2014
12 Hungary 22.90 2014
18 Bosnia and Herzegovina 22.80 2011
18 Albania 22.80 2012
18 Belgium 22.80 2014
18 Norway 22.80 2014
22 Austria 22.70 2014
22 United States 22.70 2013
22 Georgia 22.70 2015
22 Japan 22.70 2008
22 Trinidad and Tobago 22.70 1992
22 Australia 22.70 2010
22 Serbia 22.70 2013
22 Latvia 22.70 2014
30 Tunisia 22.60 2010
30 São Tomé and Principe 22.60 2010
32 Finland 22.50 2014
32 Iraq 22.50 2012
32 Poland 22.50 2014
32 Switzerland 22.50 2013
32 Mali 22.50 2009
32 Slovenia 22.50 2014
32 Uruguay 22.50 2015
32 Ireland 22.50 2014
32 Iceland 22.50 2014
32 Lebanon 22.50 2011
32 Estonia 22.50 2014
43 Togo 22.40 2015
43 Belarus 22.40 2015
43 Ukraine 22.40 2015
43 Vietnam 22.40 2014
43 Papua New Guinea 22.40 2009
43 Bolivia 22.40 2015
43 Tajikistan 22.40 2015
43 Germany 22.40 2013
43 Guinea 22.40 2012
43 Netherlands 22.40 2014
53 Portugal 22.30 2014
53 Mongolia 22.30 2014
53 Kazakhstan 22.30 2015
53 Algeria 22.30 2011
53 Moldova 22.30 2015
53 Venezuela 22.30 2006
53 China 22.30 2012
53 Lithuania 22.30 2014
53 Liberia 22.30 2014
62 Tonga 22.20 2009
63 Bulgaria 22.10 2014
63 Thailand 22.10 2013
63 Montenegro 22.10 2014
63 Comoros 22.10 2013
67 Denmark 22.00 2014
67 Haiti 22.00 2012
67 France 22.00 2014
67 Niger 22.00 2014
67 Azerbaijan 22.00 2008
67 Ghana 22.00 2012
73 Sierra Leone 21.90 2011
73 Czech Republic 21.90 2014
73 Kiribati 21.90 2006
73 Iran 21.90 2014
73 Angola 21.90 2008
73 Nepal 21.90 2010
73 Vanuatu 21.90 2010
80 Chad 21.80 2011
80 St. Lucia 21.80 1995
80 Armenia 21.80 2015
80 Malaysia 21.80 2009
84 Senegal 21.70 2011
84 Peru 21.70 2015
84 Timor-Leste 21.70 2007
87 Côte d'Ivoire 21.60 2015
87 Turkey 21.60 2014
87 Dem. Rep. Congo 21.60 2012
87 Cameroon 21.60 2014
87 Nigeria 21.60 2009
92 Jordan 21.50 2010
92 Turkmenistan 21.50 1998
92 Guyana 21.50 1998
92 Russia 21.50 2015
92 Solomon Islands 21.50 2013
92 Kyrgyz Republic 21.50 2015
98 Bhutan 21.40 2012
98 Fiji 21.40 2013
98 El Salvador 21.40 2015
98 Syrian Arab Republic 21.40 2004
98 Uzbekistan 21.40 2003
98 Philippines 21.40 2015
104 Pakistan 21.30 2013
104 Cyprus 21.30 2014
104 Ethiopia 21.30 2010
104 Tuvalu 21.30 2010
108 Bangladesh 21.20 2010
108 Mauritius 21.20 2012
108 Yemen 21.20 2014
111 Honduras 21.10 2015
111 Gabon 21.10 2005
113 Zimbabwe 21.00 2011
113 Lao PDR 21.00 2012
113 Dominican Republic 21.00 2015
116 Paraguay 20.90 2015
116 Burundi 20.90 2013
116 Djibouti 20.90 2013
119 Benin 20.80 2015
119 Ecuador 20.80 2015
121 The Gambia 20.70 2003
121 Indonesia 20.70 2013
121 Congo 20.70 2011
121 Madagascar 20.70 2012
121 Tanzania 20.70 2011
121 Costa Rica 20.70 2015
127 Jamaica 20.60 2004
127 India 20.60 2011
127 Myanmar 20.60 2015
127 Burkina Faso 20.60 2014
127 Uganda 20.60 2012
127 Egypt 20.60 2015
133 Sri Lanka 20.50 2012
133 Morocco 20.50 2006
135 Samoa 20.40 2008
136 Panama 20.30 2015
136 Colombia 20.30 2015
136 Lesotho 20.30 2010
139 Mozambique 20.10 2008
139 Guatemala 20.10 2014
141 Cabo Verde 20.00 2007
142 Swaziland 19.90 2009
142 Nicaragua 19.90 2014
142 Suriname 19.90 1999
145 Malawi 19.80 2010
146 Chile 19.70 2015
146 Kenya 19.70 2005
148 Brazil 19.60 2015
149 Belize 19.40 1999
150 Zambia 19.30 2015
151 Mexico 18.90 2014
152 Seychelles 18.40 2013
153 Guinea-Bissau 18.30 2010
154 Central African Republic 17.70 2008
155 Rwanda 17.50 2013
156 Botswana 16.90 2009
157 South Africa 15.90 2011
158 Namibia 15.70 2009

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Development Relevance: The World Bank Group’s goal of promoting shared prosperity has been defined as fostering income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the welfare distribution in every country. Income distribution data and the Gini coefficient measure inequality in income or consumption and important indicators for measuring shared prosperity.

Limitations and Exceptions: Despite progress in the last decade, the challenges of measuring poverty remain. The timeliness, frequency, quality, and comparability of household surveys need to increase substantially, particularly in the poorest countries. The availability and quality of poverty monitoring data remains low in small states, countries with fragile situations, and low-income countries and even some middle-income countries. The low frequency and lack of comparability of the data available in some countries create uncertainty over the magnitude of poverty reduction. Besides the frequency and timeliness of survey data, other data quality issues arise in measuring household living standards. The surveys ask detailed questions on sources of income and how it was spent, which must be carefully recorded by trained personnel. Income is generally more difficult to measure accurately, and consumption comes closer to the notion of living standards. And income can vary over time even if living standards do not. But consumption data are not always available: the latest estimates reported here use consumption data for about two-thirds of countries. However, even similar surveys may not be strictly comparable because of differences in timing or in the quality and training of enumerators. Comparisons of countries at different levels of development also pose a potential problem because of differences in the relative importance of the consumption of nonmarket goods. The local market value of all consumption in kind (including own production, particularly important in underdeveloped rural economies) should be included in total consumption expenditure but may not be. Most survey data now include valuations for consumption or income from own production, but valuation methods vary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Inequality in the distribution of income is reflected in the share of income or consumption accruing to a portion of the population ranked by income or consumption levels. The portions ranked lowest by personal income receive the smallest shares of total income. Data on the distribution of income or consumption come from nationally representative household surveys. Where the original data from the household survey were available, they have been used to directly calculate the income or consumption shares by quintile. Otherwise, shares have been estimated from the best available grouped data. The distribution data have been adjusted for household size, providing a more consistent measure of per capita income or consumption. No adjustment has been made for spatial differences in cost of living within countries, because the data needed for such calculations are generally unavailable. For further details on the estimation method for low- and middle-income economies, see Ravallion and Chen (1996). Survey year is the year in which the underlying household survey data were collected or, when the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the year in which most of the data were collected. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

Unit of Measure: %

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The World Bank’s internationally comparable poverty monitoring database now draws on income or detailed consumption data from more than one thousand six hundred household surveys across 164 countries in six regions and 25 other high income countries (indu