Income share held by third 20% - Country Ranking

Definition: Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For mor

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Slovak Republic 19.00 2014
2 Slovenia 18.10 2014
2 Iceland 18.10 2014
4 Norway 18.00 2014
5 Romania 17.90 2013
6 Belgium 17.80 2014
6 Czech Republic 17.80 2014
6 Ukraine 17.80 2015
9 Sweden 17.70 2014
9 Belarus 17.70 2015
11 Hungary 17.60 2014
12 Moldova 17.50 2015
12 Korea 17.50 2012
12 Serbia 17.50 2013
12 Austria 17.50 2014
12 Algeria 17.50 2011
12 Finland 17.50 2014
18 Netherlands 17.40 2014
18 Croatia 17.40 2014
20 Japan 17.30 2008
20 Kazakhstan 17.30 2015
20 Albania 17.30 2012
20 Denmark 17.30 2014
24 Luxembourg 17.20 2014
24 Macedonia 17.20 2015
24 Italy 17.20 2014
27 Iraq 17.10 2012
28 Greece 17.00 2014
28 Spain 17.00 2014
28 Mauritania 17.00 2014
28 Canada 17.00 2013
28 Lebanon 17.00 2011
33 Germany 16.90 2013
34 São Tomé and Principe 16.80 2010
34 France 16.80 2014
34 Poland 16.80 2014
34 Kyrgyz Republic 16.80 2015
38 Ireland 16.70 2014
38 Mongolia 16.70 2014
38 Armenia 16.70 2015
41 United Kingdom 16.60 2014
41 Montenegro 16.60 2014
41 Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.60 2011
41 Switzerland 16.60 2013
45 Timor-Leste 16.50 2007
45 Azerbaijan 16.50 2008
45 Liberia 16.50 2014
48 Guinea 16.40 2012
48 Portugal 16.40 2014
48 Pakistan 16.40 2013
48 Tajikistan 16.40 2015
48 Vietnam 16.40 2014
53 Ethiopia 16.30 2010
53 Latvia 16.30 2014
53 Sudan 16.30 2009
56 Mali 16.20 2009
56 Nepal 16.20 2010
56 Bulgaria 16.20 2014
59 Tunisia 16.10 2010
59 Australia 16.10 2010
59 Estonia 16.10 2014
62 Niger 16.00 2014
62 Lithuania 16.00 2014
62 Kiribati 16.00 2006
62 Bangladesh 16.00 2010
62 Egypt 16.00 2015
67 Cyprus 15.80 2014
67 Sierra Leone 15.80 2011
67 Uzbekistan 15.80 2003
67 Israel 15.80 2012
67 Jordan 15.80 2010
72 Mauritius 15.70 2012
73 Vanuatu 15.60 2010
74 Trinidad and Tobago 15.50 1992
74 Tonga 15.50 2009
74 Georgia 15.50 2015
74 Solomon Islands 15.50 2013
78 United States 15.40 2013
78 Syrian Arab Republic 15.40 2004
78 Lao PDR 15.40 2012
81 India 15.30 2011
81 Iran 15.30 2014
81 Yemen 15.30 2014
84 Papua New Guinea 15.20 2009
84 Haiti 15.20 2012
84 Russia 15.20 2015
84 Fiji 15.20 2013
88 Thailand 15.10 2013
88 Uruguay 15.10 2015
88 Burkina Faso 15.10 2014
91 Bhutan 15.00 2012
91 Myanmar 15.00 2015
91 Senegal 15.00 2011
94 Tuvalu 14.90 2010
94 Tanzania 14.90 2011
94 Argentina 14.90 2014
94 Burundi 14.90 2013
94 China 14.90 2012
99 Chad 14.80 2011
99 St. Lucia 14.80 1995
99 El Salvador 14.80 2015
102 Guyana 14.70 1998
102 Turkey 14.70 2014
102 Turkmenistan 14.70 1998
105 Djibouti 14.60 2013
105 Ghana 14.60 2012
105 Côte d'Ivoire 14.60 2015
108 Dem. Rep. Congo 14.50 2012
108 Bolivia 14.50 2015
108 Venezuela 14.50 2006
108 Peru 14.50 2015
108 Angola 14.50 2008
108 Philippines 14.50 2015
108 Sri Lanka 14.50 2012
115 Togo 14.40 2015
115 Morocco 14.40 2006
115 Nigeria 14.40 2009
115 Gabon 14.40 2005
119 Indonesia 14.30 2013
119 Uganda 14.30 2012
121 Samoa 14.10 2008
121 Madagascar 14.10 2012
121 Benin 14.10 2015
124 Comoros 14.00 2013
124 Zimbabwe 14.00 2011
126 Dominican Republic 13.90 2015
127 Malaysia 13.70 2009
127 Cameroon 13.70 2014
127 Mozambique 13.70 2008
130 Ecuador 13.60 2015
130 Nicaragua 13.60 2014
132 Seychelles 13.30 2013
132 Malawi 13.30 2010
132 Paraguay 13.30 2015
135 Congo 13.20 2011
135 Jamaica 13.20 2004
137 Guatemala 13.10 2014
138 The Gambia 13.00 2003
138 Honduras 13.00 2015
138 Chile 13.00 2015
138 Cabo Verde 13.00 2007
142 Costa Rica 12.90 2015
143 Panama 12.80 2015
143 Kenya 12.80 2005
143 Brazil 12.80 2015
146 Mexico 12.70 2014
147 Suriname 12.60 1999
147 Colombia 12.60 2015
149 Guinea-Bissau 12.20 2010
150 Belize 12.00 1999
151 Lesotho 11.90 2010
152 Rwanda 11.80 2013
152 Swaziland 11.80 2009
154 Central African Republic 11.10 2008
155 Zambia 10.60 2015
156 Botswana 9.50 2009
157 Namibia 8.90 2009
158 South Africa 8.00 2011

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Development Relevance: The World Bank Group's goal of promoting shared prosperity has been defined as fostering income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the welfare distribution in every country. Income distribution data and the Gini coefficient measure inequality in income or consumption and important indicators for measuring shared prosperity.

Limitations and Exceptions: Despite progress in the last decade, the challenges of measuring poverty remain. The timeliness, frequency, quality, and comparability of household surveys need to increase substantially, particularly in the poorest countries. The availability and quality of poverty monitoring data remains low in small states, countries with fragile situations, and low-income countries and even some middle-income countries. The low frequency and lack of comparability of the data available in some countries create uncertainty over the magnitude of poverty reduction. Besides the frequency and timeliness of survey data, other data quality issues arise in measuring household living standards. The surveys ask detailed questions on sources of income and how it was spent, which must be carefully recorded by trained personnel. Income is generally more difficult to measure accurately, and consumption comes closer to the notion of living standards. And income can vary over time even if living standards do not. But consumption data are not always available: the latest estimates reported here use consumption data for about two-thirds of countries. However, even similar surveys may not be strictly comparable because of differences in timing or in the quality and training of enumerators. Comparisons of countries at different levels of development also pose a potential problem because of differences in the relative importance of the consumption of nonmarket goods. The local market value of all consumption in kind (including own production, particularly important in underdeveloped rural economies) should be included in total consumption expenditure but may not be. Most survey data now include valuations for consumption or income from own production, but valuation methods vary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Inequality in the distribution of income is reflected in the share of income or consumption accruing to a portion of the population ranked by income or consumption levels. The portions ranked lowest by personal income receive the smallest shares of total income. Data on the distribution of income or consumption come from nationally representative household surveys. Where the original data from the household survey were available, they have been used to directly calculate the income or consumption shares by quintile. Otherwise, shares have been estimated from the best available grouped data. The distribution data have been adjusted for household size, providing a more consistent measure of per capita income or consumption. No adjustment has been made for spatial differences in cost of living within countries, because the data needed for such calculations are generally unavailable. For further details on the estimation method for low- and middle-income economies, see Ravallion and Chen (1996). Survey year is the year in which the underlying household survey data were collected or, when the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the year in which most of the data were collected. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

Unit of Measure: %

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The World Bank’s internationally comparable poverty monitoring database now draws on income or detailed consumption data from more than one thousand six hundred household surveys across 164 countries in six regions and 25 other high income countries (indu