Income share held by second 20% - Country Ranking

Definition: Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For mor

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Slovak Republic 14.70 2014
2 Czech Republic 14.60 2014
3 Slovenia 14.50 2014
4 Ukraine 14.30 2015
4 Iceland 14.30 2014
6 Norway 14.20 2014
7 Sweden 14.10 2014
7 Finland 14.10 2014
9 Belarus 14.00 2015
10 Belgium 13.90 2014
11 Kazakhstan 13.80 2015
11 Denmark 13.80 2014
13 Romania 13.70 2013
13 Algeria 13.70 2011
13 Moldova 13.70 2015
13 Netherlands 13.70 2014
17 Serbia 13.40 2013
17 Kyrgyz Republic 13.40 2015
19 Albania 13.20 2012
19 Austria 13.20 2014
19 Hungary 13.20 2014
22 Iraq 13.10 2012
23 Korea 13.00 2012
24 Timor-Leste 12.90 2007
24 Germany 12.90 2013
24 Luxembourg 12.90 2014
24 Pakistan 12.90 2013
24 Japan 12.90 2008
29 Egypt 12.80 2015
29 Ireland 12.80 2014
29 Croatia 12.80 2014
32 Lebanon 12.70 2011
32 France 12.70 2014
32 São Tomé and Principe 12.70 2010
35 Ethiopia 12.60 2010
35 Mongolia 12.60 2014
35 Armenia 12.60 2015
35 Azerbaijan 12.60 2008
39 Bangladesh 12.50 2010
39 Poland 12.50 2014
41 Canada 12.40 2013
41 Mauritania 12.40 2014
41 Switzerland 12.40 2013
44 Latvia 12.30 2014
44 Montenegro 12.30 2014
44 Estonia 12.30 2014
44 Italy 12.30 2014
48 Guinea 12.20 2012
48 Portugal 12.20 2014
50 Nepal 12.10 2010
50 Jordan 12.10 2010
50 Bosnia and Herzegovina 12.10 2011
50 Liberia 12.10 2014
50 Mali 12.10 2009
55 Vietnam 12.00 2014
55 Uzbekistan 12.00 2003
55 United Kingdom 12.00 2014
55 Tajikistan 12.00 2015
59 Greece 11.90 2014
59 India 11.90 2011
59 Sierra Leone 11.90 2011
59 Macedonia 11.90 2015
59 Niger 11.90 2014
64 Bulgaria 11.80 2014
64 Australia 11.80 2010
64 Spain 11.80 2014
64 Mauritius 11.80 2012
64 Cyprus 11.80 2014
69 Burkina Faso 11.70 2014
70 Tunisia 11.60 2010
70 Syrian Arab Republic 11.60 2004
70 Kiribati 11.60 2006
70 Lithuania 11.60 2014
70 Sudan 11.60 2009
75 Lao PDR 11.50 2012
75 Yemen 11.50 2014
77 Solomon Islands 11.40 2013
77 Fiji 11.40 2013
79 Myanmar 11.30 2015
80 Vanuatu 11.20 2010
81 Russia 11.10 2015
81 Tanzania 11.10 2011
83 Tonga 11.00 2009
84 Iran 10.90 2014
84 Burundi 10.90 2013
86 Georgia 10.80 2015
86 Tuvalu 10.80 2010
86 Thailand 10.80 2013
86 Sri Lanka 10.80 2012
86 Bhutan 10.80 2012
91 Morocco 10.50 2006
92 Indonesia 10.40 2013
92 Uganda 10.40 2012
92 Senegal 10.40 2011
92 El Salvador 10.40 2015
96 Trinidad and Tobago 10.30 1992
96 Haiti 10.30 2012
96 Philippines 10.30 2015
96 United States 10.30 2013
100 Turkey 10.20 2014
100 Côte d'Ivoire 10.20 2015
102 Gabon 10.10 2005
102 Turkmenistan 10.10 1998
104 Dem. Rep. Congo 10.00 2012
104 Uruguay 10.00 2015
104 Papua New Guinea 10.00 2009
104 Israel 10.00 2012
104 Samoa 10.00 2008
104 Madagascar 10.00 2012
110 St. Lucia 9.90 1995
111 Ghana 9.80 2012
111 Seychelles 9.80 2013
111 China 9.80 2012
114 Djibouti 9.70 2013
114 Chad 9.70 2011
114 Nigeria 9.70 2009
114 Guyana 9.70 1998
118 Argentina 9.60 2014
118 Benin 9.60 2015
118 Angola 9.60 2008
118 Peru 9.60 2015
122 Mozambique 9.50 2008
122 Zimbabwe 9.50 2011
122 Togo 9.50 2015
125 Comoros 9.30 2013
125 Dominican Republic 9.30 2015
127 Malawi 9.20 2010
127 Jamaica 9.20 2004
127 Venezuela 9.20 2006
127 Bolivia 9.20 2015
127 Ecuador 9.20 2015
132 Nicaragua 9.10 2014
133 Chile 8.90 2015
134 Mexico 8.80 2014
135 The Gambia 8.70 2003
135 Cabo Verde 8.70 2007
135 Paraguay 8.70 2015
138 Malaysia 8.60 2009
138 Kenya 8.60 2005
140 Guatemala 8.50 2014
140 Cameroon 8.50 2014
140 Costa Rica 8.50 2015
143 Rwanda 8.40 2013
144 Guinea-Bissau 8.30 2010
145 Congo 8.20 2011
146 Brazil 8.00 2015
146 Panama 8.00 2015
148 Colombia 7.80 2015
148 Honduras 7.80 2015
150 Belize 7.70 1999
151 Swaziland 7.50 2009
152 Central African Republic 7.00 2008
153 Lesotho 6.80 2010
154 Suriname 6.30 1999
155 Zambia 6.00 2015
156 Botswana 5.70 2009
156 Namibia 5.70 2009
158 South Africa 4.70 2011

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Development Relevance: The World Bank Group's goal of promoting shared prosperity has been defined as fostering income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the welfare distribution in every country. Income distribution data and the Gini coefficient measure inequality in income or consumption and important indicators for measuring shared prosperity.

Limitations and Exceptions: Despite progress in the last decade, the challenges of measuring poverty remain. The timeliness, frequency, quality, and comparability of household surveys need to increase substantially, particularly in the poorest countries. The availability and quality of poverty monitoring data remains low in small states, countries with fragile situations, and low-income countries and even some middle-income countries. The low frequency and lack of comparability of the data available in some countries create uncertainty over the magnitude of poverty reduction. Besides the frequency and timeliness of survey data, other data quality issues arise in measuring household living standards. The surveys ask detailed questions on sources of income and how it was spent, which must be carefully recorded by trained personnel. Income is generally more difficult to measure accurately, and consumption comes closer to the notion of living standards. And income can vary over time even if living standards do not. But consumption data are not always available: the latest estimates reported here use consumption data for about two-thirds of countries. However, even similar surveys may not be strictly comparable because of differences in timing or in the quality and training of enumerators. Comparisons of countries at different levels of development also pose a potential problem because of differences in the relative importance of the consumption of nonmarket goods. The local market value of all consumption in kind (including own production, particularly important in underdeveloped rural economies) should be included in total consumption expenditure but may not be. Most survey data now include valuations for consumption or income from own production, but valuation methods vary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Inequality in the distribution of income is reflected in the share of income or consumption accruing to a portion of the population ranked by income or consumption levels. The portions ranked lowest by personal income receive the smallest shares of total income. Data on the distribution of income or consumption come from nationally representative household surveys. Where the original data from the household survey were available, they have been used to directly calculate the income or consumption shares by quintile. Otherwise, shares have been estimated from the best available grouped data. The distribution data have been adjusted for household size, providing a more consistent measure of per capita income or consumption. No adjustment has been made for spatial differences in cost of living within countries, because the data needed for such calculations are generally unavailable. For further details on the estimation method for low- and middle-income economies, see Ravallion and Chen (1996). Survey year is the year in which the underlying household survey data were collected or, when the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the year in which most of the data were collected. Percentage shares by quintile may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

Unit of Measure: %

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The World Bank’s internationally comparable poverty monitoring database now draws on income or detailed consumption data from more than one thousand six hundred household surveys across 164 countries in six regions and 25 other high income countries (indu