Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene (per 100,000 population) - Country Ranking

Definition: Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene is deaths attributable to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene focusing on inadequate WASH services per 100,000 population. Death rates are calculated by dividing the number of deaths by the total population. In this estimate, only the impact of diarrhoeal diseases, intestinal nematode infections, and protein-energy malnutrition are taken into account.

Source: World Health Organization, Global Health Observatory Data Repository (http://apps.who.int/ghodata/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Chad 101.00 2016
2 Somalia 86.60 2016
3 Central African Republic 82.10 2016
4 Sierra Leone 81.30 2016
5 Niger 70.80 2016
6 Mali 70.70 2016
7 Nigeria 68.60 2016
8 Burundi 65.40 2016
9 Dem. Rep. Congo 59.80 2016
10 Benin 59.70 2016
11 Kenya 51.20 2016
12 Comoros 50.70 2016
13 Burkina Faso 49.60 2016
14 Angola 48.80 2016
15 Côte d'Ivoire 47.20 2016
16 Eritrea 45.60 2016
17 Cameroon 45.20 2016
18 Guinea 44.60 2016
19 Lesotho 44.40 2016
20 Ethiopia 43.70 2016
21 Togo 41.60 2016
22 Liberia 41.50 2016
23 Congo 38.70 2016
24 Mauritania 38.60 2016
25 Tanzania 38.40 2016
26 Guinea-Bissau 35.30 2016
27 Zambia 34.90 2016
28 Uganda 31.60 2016
29 Djibouti 31.30 2016
30 Madagascar 30.20 2016
31 The Gambia 29.70 2016
32 Malawi 28.30 2016
33 Eswatini 27.90 2016
34 Mozambique 27.60 2016
35 Zimbabwe 24.60 2016
36 Senegal 23.90 2016
37 Haiti 23.80 2016
38 Equatorial Guinea 22.30 2016
39 Gabon 20.60 2016
40 Nepal 19.80 2016
41 Pakistan 19.60 2016
42 Rwanda 19.30 2016
43 Ghana 18.80 2016
44 India 18.60 2016
45 Namibia 18.30 2016
46 Sudan 17.30 2016
47 Kiribati 16.70 2016
48 Papua New Guinea 16.30 2016
49 Afghanistan 13.90 2016
50 South Africa 13.70 2016
51 Myanmar 12.60 2016
52 Bangladesh 11.90 2016
53 Botswana 11.80 2016
54 São Tomé and Principe 11.40 2016
55 Lao PDR 11.30 2016
56 Vanuatu 10.40 2016
57 Yemen 10.20 2016
58 Timor-Leste 9.90 2016
59 Indonesia 7.10 2016
60 Cambodia 6.50 2016
61 Guatemala 6.30 2016
62 Solomon Islands 6.20 2016
63 Bolivia 5.60 2016
64 Philippines 4.20 2016
65 Cabo Verde 4.10 2016
66 Turkmenistan 4.00 2016
67 Bhutan 3.90 2016
68 Syrian Arab Republic 3.70 2016
69 Honduras 3.60 2016
69 Guyana 3.60 2016
71 Thailand 3.50 2016
72 Iraq 3.00 2016
73 Fiji 2.90 2016
74 Tajikistan 2.70 2016
75 Nicaragua 2.20 2016
75 Dominican Republic 2.20 2016
77 Egypt 2.00 2016
77 El Salvador 2.00 2016
77 Suriname 2.00 2016
80 Morocco 1.90 2016
80 Panama 1.90 2016
80 Algeria 1.90 2016
83 Korea 1.80 2016
84 Vietnam 1.60 2016
85 Paraguay 1.50 2016
85 Samoa 1.50 2016
87 Venezuela 1.40 2016
87 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 1.40 2016
87 Tonga 1.40 2016
90 Peru 1.30 2016
90 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.30 2016
90 Mongolia 1.30 2016
93 Sri Lanka 1.20 2016
94 Mexico 1.10 2016
94 Azerbaijan 1.10 2016
96 Belize 1.00 2016
96 Tunisia 1.00 2016
96 Cuba 1.00 2016
96 Iran 1.00 2016
96 Brazil 1.00 2016
101 Costa Rica 0.90 2016
102 Colombia 0.80 2016
102 Kyrgyz Republic 0.80 2016
102 Lebanon 0.80 2016
105 Serbia 0.70 2016
106 Jordan 0.60 2016
106 St. Lucia 0.60 2016
106 China 0.60 2016
106 Jamaica 0.60 2016
106 Mauritius 0.60 2016
106 Germany 0.60 2016
106 Libya 0.60 2016
106 Ecuador 0.60 2016
114 Argentina 0.40 2016
114 Canada 0.40 2016
114 Uruguay 0.40 2016
114 Romania 0.40 2016
114 Uzbekistan 0.40 2016
114 Kazakhstan 0.40 2016
114 Malaysia 0.40 2016
121 Turkey 0.30 2016
121 France 0.30 2016
121 Cyprus 0.30 2016
121 Grenada 0.30 2016
121 Denmark 0.30 2016
121 Ukraine 0.30 2016
121 Belgium 0.30 2016
128 Armenia 0.20 2016
128 Seychelles 0.20 2016
128 Netherlands 0.20 2016
128 Norway 0.20 2016
128 United Kingdom 0.20 2016
128 Portugal 0.20 2016
128 United States 0.20 2016
128 Sweden 0.20 2016
128 Spain 0.20 2016
128 Japan 0.20 2016
128 Barbados 0.20 2016
128 Chile 0.20 2016
128 Hungary 0.20 2016
128 Israel 0.20 2016
128 Albania 0.20 2016
128 Georgia 0.20 2016
128 Czech Republic 0.20 2016
145 Bahrain 0.10 2016
145 Lithuania 0.10 2016
145 Austria 0.10 2016
145 Greece 0.10 2016
145 Italy 0.10 2016
145 Bulgaria 0.10 2016
145 Luxembourg 0.10 2016
145 Moldova 0.10 2016
145 North Macedonia 0.10 2016
145 New Zealand 0.10 2016
145 Poland 0.10 2016
145 Saudi Arabia 0.10 2016
145 Antigua and Barbuda 0.10 2016
145 Ireland 0.10 2016
145 Iceland 0.10 2016
145 Latvia 0.10 2016
145 Montenegro 0.10 2016
145 Australia 0.10 2016
145 The Bahamas 0.10 2016
145 Qatar 0.10 2016
145 Singapore 0.10 2016
145 Kuwait 0.10 2016
145 Russia 0.10 2016
145 Estonia 0.10 2016
145 United Arab Emirates 0.10 2016
145 Slovenia 0.10 2016
145 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.10 2016
145 Switzerland 0.10 2016
145 Finland 0.10 2016
145 Slovak Republic 0.10 2016
145 Trinidad and Tobago 0.10 2016
145 Croatia 0.10 2016
145 Malta 0.10 2016
145 Oman 0.10 2016
145 Belarus 0.10 2016
145 Brunei 0.10 2016

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Development Relevance: Unsafe drinking water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene are important causes of death. Most diarrheal deaths in the world are caused by unsafe water, sanitation or hygiene. According to the World Health Organization, in addition to diarrea, the following diseases could be prevented if adequate WASH services are provided: malnutrition, intestinal nematode infections, lymphatic filariasis, trachoma, schistosomiasis and malaria.

Limitations and Exceptions: Some countries do not have death registration data or sample registration systems. The estimates on this indicator need to be completed with other type of information for these countries.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual