People using safely managed sanitation services, urban  (% of urban population) - Country Ranking

Definition: The percentage of people using improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated offsite. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines: ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (washdata.org).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Singapore 100.00 2015
1 Andorra 100.00 2015
1 Monaco 100.00 2015
4 Switzerland 99.90 2015
5 Austria 99.16 2015
6 United Kingdom 98.92 2015
7 Estonia 98.56 2015
8 Finland 97.62 2015
9 Netherlands 97.50 2015
10 Spain 97.43 2015
11 Germany 96.77 2015
12 Italy 96.21 2015
13 United Arab Emirates 95.45 2015
14 United States 95.04 2015
15 Luxembourg 94.42 2015
16 Israel 93.43 2015
17 Sweden 93.13 2015
18 Malta 93.03 2015
19 Poland 90.74 2015
20 Tunisia 88.68 2015
21 Slovak Republic 87.82 2015
22 Ireland 87.73 2015
23 Cyprus 86.38 2015
24 Czech Republic 84.67 2015
25 Latvia 84.51 2015
26 Hungary 82.56 2015
27 Jordan 82.40 2015
28 Chile 81.31 2015
29 Greece 81.03 2015
30 Belarus 77.75 2015
31 China 73.43 2015
32 Azerbaijan 73.37 2015
33 Iceland 70.05 2015
34 Egypt 69.65 2015
35 Kazakhstan 67.34 2015
36 Yemen 67.26 2015
37 Albania 65.47 2015
38 Portugal 65.15 2015
39 Croatia 64.59 2015
40 Uruguay 64.36 2015
41 Lithuania 64.12 2015
42 Bulgaria 50.58 2015
43 Turkey 48.00 2015
44 Mexico 46.35 2015
45 Brazil 40.35 2015
46 Morocco 38.84 2015
47 Montenegro 36.32 2015
48 Peru 34.95 2015
49 Iraq 34.93 2015
50 Ecuador 34.37 2015
51 Panama 28.85 2015
52 Cuba 28.15 2015
53 Argentina 25.13 2015
54 Somalia 24.32 2015
55 Senegal 24.01 2015
56 Niger 23.96 2015
57 Bolivia 22.10 2015
58 Venezuela 17.47 2015
59 Georgia 16.98 2015
60 Algeria 16.89 2015
61 Hong Kong SAR, China 16.19 2015
62 Palau 16.00 2015
63 Colombia 15.98 2015
64 Honduras 14.51 2015
65 Serbia 13.65 2015
66 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.41 2015
67 Tuvalu 5.58 2015

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Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on people's health. Basic and safely managed sanitation services can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and make them more susceptible to malnutrition and opportunistic infections like pneumonia, measles and malaria. The combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply and poor personal hygiene are responsible for many of childhood deaths. Every year, the failure to tackle these deficits results in severe welfare losses - wasted time, reduced productivity, ill health, impaired learning, environmental degradation and lost opportunities. Fundamental behavior changes are required before the use of improved facilities and services can be integrated into daily life. Many hygiene behaviors and habits are formed in childhood and, therefore, school health and hygiene education programs are an important part of water and sanitation improvements. Most basic sanitation technologies are not expensive to implement. However, those facing the problems of inadequate sanitation may not be aware of either the origin of their ills, or the true costs of poor sanitation and hygiene. As a result, in most of the developing countries those without sanitation are hard to convince of the need to invest scarce resources in sanitation facilities, or of the critical importance of changing long-held habits and unhygienic behaviors. Consequently, the people's representatives - governments and elected political leaders - rarely give sanitation or hygiene improvements the priority that is needed in order to tackle the massive sanitation deficit faced by the developing world. Children bear the brunt of sanitation-related impacts - their health, nutrition, growth, education, self-respect, and life opportunities suffer as a result of inadequate sanitation. Without improved sanitation, many of the current generation of children in developing countries are unlikely to develop to their full potential. Countries that don't take urgent action to redress sanitation deficiencies will find their future development and prosperity impaired.

Limitations and Exceptions: There are three main ways to meet the criteria for having a safely managed sanitation service (People should use improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households, and the excreta produced should either be: treated and disposed of in situ; stored temporality and then emptied, transported and treated off-site, or transported through a sewer with wastewater and then treated off-site). Many countries lack information on either wastewater treatment or the management of on-site sanitation. A national estimate is produced if information is available for the dominant type of sanitation system. If no information is available, it is assumed that 50 percent is safely managed. Regional and income group estimates are made when data are available for at least 30 percent of the population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene are produced by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on administrative sources, national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. WHO/UNICEF defines safely managed sanitation facilities as improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or transported and treated offsite. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines: ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual