Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) - Country Ranking

Definition: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births. The data are estimated with a regression model using information on the proportion of maternal deaths among non-AIDS deaths in women ages 15-49, fertility, birth attendants, and GDP.

Source: WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and the United Nations Population Division. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2015. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2015

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Sierra Leone 1,360.00 2015
2 Central African Republic 882.00 2015
3 Chad 856.00 2015
4 Nigeria 814.00 2015
5 Somalia 732.00 2015
6 Liberia 725.00 2015
7 Burundi 712.00 2015
8 The Gambia 706.00 2015
9 Dem. Rep. Congo 693.00 2015
10 Guinea 679.00 2015
11 Côte d'Ivoire 645.00 2015
12 Malawi 634.00 2015
13 Mauritania 602.00 2015
14 Cameroon 596.00 2015
15 Mali 587.00 2015
16 Niger 553.00 2015
17 Guinea-Bissau 549.00 2015
18 Kenya 510.00 2015
19 Eritrea 501.00 2015
20 Mozambique 489.00 2015
21 Lesotho 487.00 2015
22 Angola 477.00 2015
23 Zimbabwe 443.00 2015
24 Congo 442.00 2015
25 Benin 405.00 2015
26 Tanzania 398.00 2015
27 Afghanistan 396.00 2015
28 Swaziland 389.00 2015
29 Yemen 385.00 2015
30 Burkina Faso 371.00 2015
31 Togo 368.00 2015
32 Haiti 359.00 2015
33 Ethiopia 353.00 2015
33 Madagascar 353.00 2015
35 Uganda 343.00 2015
36 Equatorial Guinea 342.00 2015
37 Comoros 335.00 2015
38 Ghana 319.00 2015
39 Senegal 315.00 2015
40 Sudan 311.00 2015
41 Gabon 291.00 2015
42 Rwanda 290.00 2015
43 Namibia 265.00 2015
44 Nepal 258.00 2015
45 Guyana 229.00 2015
45 Djibouti 229.00 2015
47 Zambia 224.00 2015
48 Papua New Guinea 215.00 2015
48 Timor-Leste 215.00 2015
50 Bolivia 206.00 2015
51 Lao PDR 197.00 2015
52 Pakistan 178.00 2015
52 Myanmar 178.00 2015
54 Bangladesh 176.00 2015
55 India 174.00 2015
56 Cambodia 161.00 2015
57 São Tomé and Principe 156.00 2015
58 Suriname 155.00 2015
59 Nicaragua 150.00 2015
60 Bhutan 148.00 2015
61 Algeria 140.00 2015
62 South Africa 138.00 2015
63 Paraguay 132.00 2015
64 Honduras 129.00 2015
64 Botswana 129.00 2015
66 Indonesia 126.00 2015
67 Tonga 124.00 2015
68 Morocco 121.00 2015
69 Philippines 114.00 2015
69 Solomon Islands 114.00 2015
71 Venezuela 95.00 2015
72 Panama 94.00 2015
73 Dominican Republic 92.00 2015
74 Kiribati 90.00 2015
75 Jamaica 89.00 2015
76 Guatemala 88.00 2015
77 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 82.00 2015
78 The Bahamas 80.00 2015
79 Vanuatu 78.00 2015
80 Kyrgyz Republic 76.00 2015
81 Syrian Arab Republic 68.00 2015
81 Peru 68.00 2015
83 Colombia 64.00 2015
83 Ecuador 64.00 2015
85 Trinidad and Tobago 63.00 2015
86 Tunisia 62.00 2015
87 Jordan 58.00 2015
88 El Salvador 54.00 2015
88 Vietnam 54.00 2015
90 Mauritius 53.00 2015
91 Argentina 52.00 2015
92 Samoa 51.00 2015
93 Iraq 50.00 2015
94 St. Lucia 48.00 2015
95 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 45.00 2015
96 Mongolia 44.00 2015
96 Brazil 44.00 2015
98 Cabo Verde 42.00 2015
98 Turkmenistan 42.00 2015
100 Malaysia 40.00 2015
101 Cuba 39.00 2015
102 Mexico 38.00 2015
103 Georgia 36.00 2015
103 Uzbekistan 36.00 2015
105 Egypt 33.00 2015
106 Tajikistan 32.00 2015
107 Romania 31.00 2015
108 Fiji 30.00 2015
108 Sri Lanka 30.00 2015
110 Albania 29.00 2015
111 Belize 28.00 2015
112 Grenada 27.00 2015
112 China 27.00 2015
112 Barbados 27.00 2015
115 Iran 25.00 2015
115 Costa Rica 25.00 2015
115 Russia 25.00 2015
115 Armenia 25.00 2015
115 Azerbaijan 25.00 2015
120 Ukraine 24.00 2015
121 Moldova 23.00 2015
121 Brunei 23.00 2015
123 Chile 22.00 2015
124 Thailand 20.00 2015
125 Latvia 18.00 2015
126 Hungary 17.00 2015
126 Serbia 17.00 2015
126 Oman 17.00 2015
129 Turkey 16.00 2015
130 Uruguay 15.00 2015
130 Lebanon 15.00 2015
130 Bahrain 15.00 2015
133 Puerto Rico 14.00 2015
133 United States 14.00 2015
135 Qatar 13.00 2015
136 Kazakhstan 12.00 2015
136 Saudi Arabia 12.00 2015
138 Bulgaria 11.00 2015
138 New Zealand 11.00 2015
138 Korea 11.00 2015
138 Bosnia and Herzegovina 11.00 2015
142 Lithuania 10.00 2015
142 Portugal 10.00 2015
142 Luxembourg 10.00 2015
142 Singapore 10.00 2015
146 Malta 9.00 2015
146 Estonia 9.00 2015
146 Libya 9.00 2015
146 Slovenia 9.00 2015
146 United Kingdom 9.00 2015
151 France 8.00 2015
151 Ireland 8.00 2015
151 Croatia 8.00 2015
151 Macedonia 8.00 2015
155 Netherlands 7.00 2015
155 Canada 7.00 2015
155 Cyprus 7.00 2015
155 Belgium 7.00 2015
155 Montenegro 7.00 2015
160 Denmark 6.00 2015
160 Slovak Republic 6.00 2015
160 United Arab Emirates 6.00 2015
160 Germany 6.00 2015
160 Australia 6.00 2015
165 Spain 5.00 2015
165 Japan 5.00 2015
165 Norway 5.00 2015
165 Israel 5.00 2015
165 Switzerland 5.00 2015
170 Italy 4.00 2015
170 Sweden 4.00 2015
170 Kuwait 4.00 2015
170 Czech Republic 4.00 2015
170 Austria 4.00 2015
170 Belarus 4.00 2015
176 Iceland 3.00 2015
176 Finland 3.00 2015
176 Poland 3.00 2015
176 Greece 3.00 2015

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Limitations and Exceptions: The methodology differs from that used for previous estimates, so data should not be compared historically. Maternal mortality ratios are generally of unknown reliability, as are many other cause-specific mortality indicators. The ratios cannot be assumed to provide an exact estimate of maternal mortality.

Original Source Notes: Estimates of maternal mortality are presented along with upper and lower limits of intervals (see footnote) designed to depict the uncertainty of estimates. The intervals are the product of a detailed probabilistic evaluation of the uncertainty attributa

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Reproductive health is a state of physical and mental well-being in relation to the reproductive system and its functions and processes. Means of achieving reproductive health include education and services during pregnancy and childbirth, safe and effective contraception, and prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries. Maternal mortality is generally of unknown reliability, as are many other cause-specific mortality indicators. Household surveys such as Demographic and Health Surveys attempt to measure maternal mortality by asking respondents about survivorship of sisters. The main disadvantage of this method is that the estimates of maternal mortality that it produces pertain to any time within the past few years before the survey, making them unsuitable for monitoring recent changes or observing the impact of interventions. In addition, measurement of maternal mortality is subject to many types of errors. Even in high-income countries with reliable vital registration systems, misclassification of maternal deaths has been found to lead to serious underestimation. The estimates are based on an exercise by the Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group (MMEIG) which consists of World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), World Bank, and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and include country-level time series data. For countries without complete registration data but with other types of data and for countries with no data, maternal mortality is estimated with a regression model using available national maternal mortality data and socioeconomic information.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: This indicator represents the risk associated with each pregnancy and is also a Sustainable Development Goal Indicator for monitoring maternal health.