Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births) - Country Ranking

Definition: Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.

Source: UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, and Demographic and Health Surveys.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Afghanistan 1,291.00 2015
2 Sierra Leone 1,200.00 2013
3 Liberia 1,100.00 2013
4 Lesotho 1,024.00 2014
5 Somalia 1,000.00 2006
6 Guinea-Bissau 900.00 2014
7 Chad 860.00 2015
8 Dem. Rep. Congo 850.00 2014
9 Cameroon 782.00 2011
10 Papua New Guinea 730.00 2006
11 Guinea 724.00 2012
12 Ethiopia 676.00 2011
13 Zimbabwe 651.00 2015
14 Haiti 630.00 2006
14 Mauritania 630.00 2011
16 Côte d'Ivoire 614.00 2012
17 Swaziland 589.00 2007
18 Nigeria 576.00 2013
19 Malawi 570.00 2014
20 Timor-Leste 557.00 2010
21 Central African Republic 540.00 2006
22 Niger 535.00 2012
23 Tanzania 530.00 2016
24 Burundi 500.00 2010
25 Eritrea 490.00 2010
26 Madagascar 480.00 2013
27 Ghana 450.00 2007
28 Mozambique 443.00 2011
29 The Gambia 433.00 2013
30 Uganda 432.00 2011
31 Senegal 430.00 2013
32 Congo 426.00 2012
33 Togo 401.00 2014
34 Zambia 398.00 2014
35 Djibouti 380.00 2012
36 Mali 368.00 2013
37 Kenya 362.00 2014
38 Lao PDR 360.00 2012
39 Namibia 358.00 2013
40 Benin 350.00 2014
41 Burkina Faso 341.00 2010
42 Myanmar 320.00 2005
43 Gabon 316.00 2012
44 Indonesia 313.00 2012
45 St. Kitts and Nevis 310.00 2012
45 Equatorial Guinea 310.00 2011
47 Nepal 281.00 2006
48 Bolivia 268.00 2008
49 Rwanda 253.00 2015
50 Pakistan 250.00 2007
51 Sudan 220.00 2010
51 Philippines 220.00 2011
53 Bangladesh 210.00 2011
54 South Africa 200.00 2013
55 Comoros 172.00 2012
56 India 170.00 2013
56 Cambodia 170.00 2014
58 Botswana 160.00 2010
59 Peru 157.00 2011
60 Yemen 150.00 2013
60 Solomon Islands 150.00 2009
62 Guatemala 140.00 2015
63 Algeria 117.40 1999
64 Morocco 110.00 2010
64 Dominica 110.00 2012
64 Dominican Republic 110.00 2014
67 Lebanon 104.00 1990
68 Paraguay 96.30 2013
69 Guyana 86.20 2008
70 Vanuatu 86.00 2007
70 Bhutan 86.00 2012
72 Suriname 82.50 2011
73 Jamaica 81.30 2012
74 Panama 80.50 2011
75 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 77.00 2008
75 Libya 77.00 1995
77 São Tomé and Principe 74.00 2014
78 Honduras 73.00 2010
79 Venezuela 72.20 2011
80 Colombia 71.22 2011
81 Tunisia 69.00 1994
82 Vietnam 67.00 2011
83 Syrian Arab Republic 65.00 2001
84 Grenada 60.30 2012
85 Barbados 60.20 2011
86 Fiji 59.47 2012
87 Brazil 58.20 2012
88 Seychelles 57.00 2004
89 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.50 2012
90 Egypt 52.00 2013
91 Nicaragua 50.80 2013
91 Mongolia 50.80 2012
93 Kyrgyz Republic 49.10 2012
94 Ecuador 45.70 2013
95 Belize 45.00 2013
95 Trinidad and Tobago 45.00 1998
97 The Bahamas 40.00 2011
98 Mexico 38.20 2013
99 El Salvador 38.00 2013
100 Tonga 36.40 2010
101 Cuba 35.10 2014
102 Iraq 35.00 2013
103 Tajikistan 33.30 2012
104 Kiribati 33.00 2011
105 Argentina 32.40 2013
106 Sri Lanka 31.10 2010
107 Moldova 30.40 2012
108 Turkey 29.00 2005
108 Samoa 29.00 2001
110 United States 28.00 2013
111 Malaysia 25.20 2013
112 Iran 25.00 2005
113 China 23.20 2013
114 Costa Rica 23.10 2011
115 Georgia 22.90 2013
116 Mauritius 22.00 2003
117 Uzbekistan 20.20 2012
118 Latvia 20.10 2012
119 Korea 20.00 1996
120 Armenia 19.00 2012
120 Jordan 19.00 2009
122 Chile 17.20 2012
123 Bahrain 16.90 2009
124 New Zealand 15.00 1994
125 Azerbaijan 14.90 2012
126 Saudi Arabia 14.00 2009
127 Serbia 13.70 2013
128 Qatar 12.90 2010
129 Kazakhstan 12.60 2013
130 Ukraine 12.50 2012
131 Oman 12.30 2013
132 Bulgaria 12.00 2013
132 Thailand 12.00 2005
134 Russia 11.50 2012
135 Romania 11.40 2012
136 Canada 11.00 2013
137 France 10.00 1994
137 Hungary 10.00 2012
137 Denmark 10.00 1995
137 Uruguay 10.00 2012
141 Lithuania 9.80 2012
142 Cabo Verde 9.60 2012
143 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.20 2012
144 Japan 8.00 1994
145 Portugal 7.50 1995
145 Germany 7.50 1995
147 Estonia 7.10 2012
148 United Kingdom 7.00 1995
148 Italy 7.00 1992
148 Netherlands 7.00 1995
151 Turkmenistan 6.90 2010
152 Ireland 6.00 1992
152 Norway 6.00 1993
154 Albania 5.80 2011
155 Spain 5.50 1992
155 Czech Republic 5.50 2012
155 Finland 5.50 1995
155 Singapore 5.50 1995
159 Croatia 5.00 2013
159 Switzerland 5.00 1994
161 Slovenia 4.60 2009
162 Israel 4.50 1995
162 Sweden 4.50 1995
164 Macedonia 4.20 2012
165 Slovak Republic 3.60 2012
166 Poland 2.30 2011
167 Kuwait 1.70 2012
168 Greece 1.00 1995
169 Palau 0.00 2010
169 Belarus 0.00 2013
169 Tuvalu 0.00 2009
169 Nauru 0.00 2011
169 St. Lucia 0.00 2005
169 Cyprus 0.00 1993
169 United Arab Emirates 0.00 2007
169 Montenegro 0.00 2009
169 Antigua and Barbuda 0.00 2007
169 Brunei 0.00 1994
169 Luxembourg 0.00 1994

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Limitations and Exceptions: Maternal mortality ratios are generally of unknown reliability, as are many other cause-specific mortality indicators. The ratios cannot be assumed to provide an exact estimate of maternal mortality.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Reproductive health is a state of physical and mental well-being in relation to the reproductive system and its functions and processes. Means of achieving reproductive health include education and services during pregnancy and childbirth, safe and effective contraception, and prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries. Maternal mortality ratios are generally of unknown reliability, as are many other cause-specific mortality indicators. Household surveys such as Demographic and Health Surveys attempt to measure maternal mortality by asking respondents about survivorship of sisters. The main disadvantage of this method is that the estimates of maternal mortality that it produces pertain to any time within the past few years before the survey, making them unsuitable for monitoring recent changes or observing the impact of interventions. In addition, measurement of maternal mortality is subject to many types of errors. Even in high-income countries with reliable vital registration systems, misclassification of maternal deaths has been found to lead to serious underestimation. The national estimates of maternal mortality ratios are based on national surveys, vital registration records, and surveillance data or are derived from community and hospital records.

Periodicity: Annual