People using at least basic sanitation services (% of population) - Country Ranking

Definition: The percentage of people using at least basic sanitation services, that is, improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households. This indicator encompasses both people using basic sanitation services as well as those using safely managed sanitation services. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines; ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (washdata.org).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 100.00 2017
1 Singapore 100.00 2017
1 Andorra 100.00 2017
1 Israel 100.00 2017
1 Monaco 100.00 2017
1 Palau 100.00 2017
1 Bahrain 100.00 2017
1 San Marino 100.00 2017
1 Chile 100.00 2017
1 New Caledonia 100.00 2017
1 Libya 100.00 2017
1 Oman 100.00 2017
1 Korea 100.00 2017
1 Kuwait 100.00 2017
1 Uzbekistan 100.00 2017
1 New Zealand 100.00 2017
1 Saudi Arabia 100.00 2017
1 Seychelles 100.00 2017
19 Australia 99.99 2017
20 Austria 99.97 2017
21 United States 99.97 2017
22 Malta 99.96 2017
23 Liechtenstein 99.95 2017
24 Spain 99.90 2017
25 Japan 99.89 2017
26 Switzerland 99.89 2017
27 Portugal 99.61 2017
28 Greenland 99.60 2017
28 Denmark 99.60 2017
30 Malaysia 99.57 2017
31 Belgium 99.49 2017
32 Finland 99.45 2017
33 Sweden 99.30 2017
34 Canada 99.29 2017
35 Germany 99.23 2017
36 Cyprus 99.15 2017
37 Estonia 99.15 2017
38 Czech Republic 99.13 2017
39 North Macedonia 99.12 2017
40 United Kingdom 99.11 2017
41 Slovenia 99.11 2017
42 Greece 98.98 2017
43 Poland 98.80 2017
44 Iceland 98.78 2017
45 Italy 98.77 2017
46 Thailand 98.75 2017
47 Turkmenistan 98.70 2017
48 France 98.65 2017
49 United Arab Emirates 98.59 2017
50 Lebanon 98.48 2017
51 Samoa 98.17 2017
52 Norway 98.05 2017
53 Hungary 97.99 2017
54 Slovak Republic 97.94 2017
55 Kazakhstan 97.87 2017
56 Costa Rica 97.82 2017
57 Belarus 97.79 2017
58 Montenegro 97.77 2017
59 Albania 97.72 2017
60 Netherlands 97.71 2017
61 Luxembourg 97.60 2017
62 Serbia 97.57 2017
63 Jordan 97.34 2017
64 Turkey 97.30 2017
65 Barbados 97.28 2017
66 Puerto Rico 97.17 2017
67 Tajikistan 97.02 2017
68 Uruguay 96.60 2017
69 Croatia 96.54 2017
70 Kyrgyz Republic 96.51 2017
71 Hong Kong SAR, China 96.44 2017
72 Brunei 96.35 2015
73 Ukraine 96.22 2017
74 Sri Lanka 95.78 2017
75 Mauritius 95.50 2017
76 Bosnia and Herzegovina 95.36 2017
77 Fiji 95.07 2017
78 The Bahamas 94.93 2017
79 Argentina 94.26 2016
80 Egypt 94.19 2017
81 Iraq 94.12 2017
82 Venezuela 93.94 2017
83 Armenia 93.64 2017
84 Tonga 93.45 2017
85 Trinidad and Tobago 93.40 2017
86 Lithuania 93.35 2017
87 Cuba 92.81 2017
88 Azerbaijan 92.51 2017
89 Latvia 92.15 2017
90 St. Kitts and Nevis 91.61 2013
91 Grenada 91.49 2017
92 Ireland 91.25 2017
93 Syrian Arab Republic 91.22 2017
94 Mexico 91.18 2017
95 Tunisia 90.92 2017
96 Russia 90.48 2017
97 Georgia 90.02 2017
98 Paraguay 89.78 2017
99 Colombia 89.63 2017
100 Morocco 88.50 2017
101 Iran 88.42 2017
102 St. Lucia 88.35 2017
103 Brazil 88.29 2017
104 Ecuador 87.99 2017
105 Belize 87.86 2017
106 Algeria 87.59 2017
107 Antigua and Barbuda 87.50 2017
108 El Salvador 87.43 2017
109 Jamaica 87.31 2017
110 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 87.18 2017
111 Bulgaria 86.00 2017
112 Guyana 85.76 2017
113 China 84.76 2017
114 Suriname 84.46 2017
115 Romania 84.31 2017
116 Tuvalu 84.08 2017
117 Dominican Republic 83.89 2017
118 Cayman Islands 83.65 2016
119 Vietnam 83.52 2017
120 Panama 83.32 2017
121 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 83.16 2017
122 Honduras 81.25 2017
123 Dominica 77.89 2015
124 Botswana 77.27 2017
125 Philippines 76.53 2017
126 Moldova 76.31 2017
127 South Africa 75.75 2017
128 Lao PDR 74.46 2017
129 Nicaragua 74.43 2017
130 Peru 74.34 2017
131 Cabo Verde 73.85 2017
132 Indonesia 73.13 2017
133 Bhutan 69.25 2017
134 Rwanda 66.57 2017
135 Equatorial Guinea 66.31 2017
136 Nauru 65.60 2017
137 Guatemala 65.06 2017
138 Myanmar 64.33 2017
139 Djibouti 63.61 2017
140 Nepal 62.05 2017
141 Bolivia 60.72 2017
142 Pakistan 59.87 2017
143 India 59.54 2017
144 Cambodia 59.23 2017
145 Yemen 59.05 2017
146 Mongolia 58.48 2017
147 Eswatini 58.35 2017
148 Timor-Leste 53.52 2017
149 Senegal 51.47 2017
150 Angola 49.88 2017
151 Mauritania 48.44 2017
152 Bangladesh 48.23 2017
153 Kiribati 47.80 2017
154 Gabon 47.41 2017
155 Burundi 45.82 2017
156 Afghanistan 43.42 2017
157 São Tomé and Principe 42.97 2017
158 Lesotho 42.75 2017
159 Mali 39.34 2017
160 The Gambia 39.23 2017
161 Nigeria 39.17 2017
162 Cameroon 39.08 2017
163 Somalia 38.34 2017
164 Sudan 36.58 2017
165 Zimbabwe 36.22 2017
166 Comoros 35.86 2017
167 Haiti 34.70 2017
168 Namibia 34.50 2017
169 Vanuatu 34.07 2017
170 Solomon Islands 33.53 2017
171 Côte d'Ivoire 32.13 2017
172 Tanzania 29.91 2017
173 Mozambique 29.36 2017
174 Kenya 29.05 2017
175 Zambia 26.37 2017
176 Malawi 26.23 2017
177 Central African Republic 25.32 2016
178 Guinea 22.72 2017
179 Guinea-Bissau 20.54 2017
180 Dem. Rep. Congo 20.46 2017
181 Congo 20.17 2017
182 Burkina Faso 19.40 2017
183 Uganda 18.47 2017
184 Ghana 18.47 2017
185 Liberia 16.97 2017
186 Benin 16.45 2017
187 Togo 16.13 2017
188 Sierra Leone 15.65 2017
189 Niger 13.57 2017
190 Papua New Guinea 12.95 2017
191 Eritrea 11.94 2016
192 Madagascar 10.51 2017
193 Chad 8.34 2017
194 Ethiopia 7.32 2017

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Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on people's health. Basic and safely managed sanitation services can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and make them more susceptible to malnutrition and opportunistic infections like pneumonia, measles and malaria. The combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply and poor personal hygiene are responsible for many of childhood deaths. Every year, the failure to tackle these deficits results in severe welfare losses - wasted time, reduced productivity, ill health, impaired learning, environmental degradation and lost opportunities. Fundamental behavior changes are required before the use of improved facilities and services can be integrated into daily life. Many hygiene behaviors and habits are formed in childhood and, therefore, school health and hygiene education programs are an important part of water and sanitation improvements. Most basic sanitation technologies are not expensive to implement. However, those facing the problems of inadequate sanitation may not be aware of either the origin of their ills, or the true costs of poor sanitation and hygiene. As a result, in most of the developing countries those without sanitation are hard to convince of the need to invest scarce resources in sanitation facilities, or of the critical importance of changing long-held habits and unhygienic behaviors. Consequently, the people's representatives - governments and elected political leaders - rarely give sanitation or hygiene improvements the priority that is needed in order to tackle the massive sanitation deficit faced by the developing world. Children bear the brunt of sanitation-related impacts - their health, nutrition, growth, education, self-respect, and life opportunities suffer as a result of inadequate sanitation. Without improved sanitation, many of the current generation of children in developing countries are unlikely to develop to their full potential. Countries that don't take urgent action to redress sanitation deficiencies will find their future development and prosperity impaired.

Limitations and Exceptions: National, regional and income group estimates are made when data are available for at least 50 percent of the population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene are produced by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on administrative sources, national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. WHO/UNICEF defines basic sanitation facilities as improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines; ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual