People using at least basic sanitation services, rural (% of rural population) - Country Ranking

Definition: The percentage of people using at least basic sanitation services, that is, improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households. This indicator encompasses both people using basic sanitation services as well as those using safely managed sanitation services. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines; ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (washdata.org).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Malta 100.00 2017
1 Spain 100.00 2017
1 Palau 100.00 2017
1 Andorra 100.00 2017
1 Israel 100.00 2017
1 Iceland 100.00 2017
1 Uzbekistan 100.00 2017
1 Oman 100.00 2017
1 New Zealand 100.00 2017
1 Austria 100.00 2017
1 Chile 100.00 2017
12 Netherlands 99.89 2017
13 United States 99.88 2017
14 Switzerland 99.86 2017
15 Portugal 99.80 2017
16 Sweden 99.64 2017
17 Greenland 99.60 2017
17 Denmark 99.60 2017
19 Belgium 99.48 2017
20 United Kingdom 99.47 2017
21 Turkmenistan 99.46 2017
22 Finland 99.45 2017
23 Estonia 99.38 2017
24 Czech Republic 99.25 2017
25 Poland 99.24 2017
26 Kyrgyz Republic 99.17 2017
27 Slovenia 99.08 2017
28 Kazakhstan 99.00 2017
29 Germany 98.99 2017
30 France 98.89 2017
31 Luxembourg 98.75 2017
32 Canada 98.74 2017
33 Malaysia 98.68 2017
34 Italy 98.64 2017
35 Hungary 98.57 2017
36 Cyprus 98.39 2017
37 Thailand 98.32 2017
38 Norway 98.30 2017
39 Greece 98.14 2017
40 Samoa 98.10 2017
41 North Macedonia 97.93 2017
42 Tajikistan 97.79 2017
43 Uruguay 97.08 2017
44 Albania 96.89 2017
45 Slovak Republic 96.82 2017
46 Belarus 96.26 2017
47 Jordan 96.26 2017
48 Sri Lanka 96.00 2017
49 Costa Rica 95.78 2017
50 Mauritius 95.18 2017
51 Serbia 95.08 2017
52 Croatia 94.82 2017
53 Cuba 94.79 2017
54 Fiji 94.75 2017
55 Ireland 94.30 2017
56 Montenegro 93.88 2017
57 Ukraine 93.59 2017
58 Tonga 92.49 2017
59 Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.14 2017
60 Egypt 91.13 2017
61 Syrian Arab Republic 90.97 2017
62 St. Lucia 90.77 2017
63 Turkey 89.86 2017
64 Jamaica 89.53 2017
65 Iraq 88.05 2017
66 Azerbaijan 87.64 2017
67 Tuvalu 86.19 2017
68 Lithuania 85.13 2017
69 Bulgaria 83.71 2017
70 Guyana 83.69 2017
71 Belize 83.50 2017
72 Latvia 83.44 2017
73 Armenia 83.22 2017
74 Ecuador 82.96 2017
75 Paraguay 82.80 2017
76 Georgia 82.74 2017
77 Mexico 82.44 2017
78 Algeria 82.21 2017
79 Tunisia 81.35 2017
80 Morocco 78.99 2017
81 Iran 78.78 2017
82 El Salvador 78.59 2017
83 Russia 78.12 2017
84 Vietnam 77.68 2017
85 Argentina 76.77 2016
86 China 76.44 2017
87 Colombia 76.18 2017
88 Honduras 76.04 2017
89 Philippines 74.82 2017
90 Suriname 74.82 2017
91 South Africa 74.67 2017
92 Dominican Republic 73.58 2017
93 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 72.28 2017
94 Romania 71.46 2017
95 Rwanda 69.60 2017
96 Moldova 68.94 2017
97 Bhutan 67.01 2017
98 Panama 64.84 2017
99 Indonesia 64.54 2017
100 Lao PDR 63.51 2017
101 Cabo Verde 62.35 2017
102 Nicaragua 61.52 2017
103 Nepal 60.81 2017
104 Eswatini 60.66 2017
105 Brazil 60.15 2017
106 Myanmar 59.25 2017
107 Equatorial Guinea 57.25 2017
108 Peru 56.13 2017
109 India 53.23 2017
110 Botswana 50.60 2017
111 Guatemala 50.51 2017
112 Pakistan 50.27 2017
113 Cambodia 48.30 2017
114 Bangladesh 46.86 2017
115 Burundi 46.42 2017
116 Timor-Leste 43.82 2017
117 Yemen 42.84 2017
118 Lesotho 42.77 2017
119 Mongolia 41.52 2017
120 Senegal 39.61 2017
121 Gabon 37.41 2017
122 Afghanistan 37.05 2017
123 Bolivia 36.08 2017
124 Comoros 32.07 2017
125 Zimbabwe 31.47 2017
126 São Tomé and Principe 31.04 2017
127 Nigeria 30.66 2017
128 The Gambia 29.61 2017
129 Mali 29.43 2017
130 Vanuatu 29.28 2017
131 Kenya 27.01 2017
132 Malawi 24.65 2017
133 Sudan 24.23 2017
134 Haiti 23.90 2017
135 Tanzania 23.66 2017
136 Angola 23.23 2017
137 Somalia 20.16 2017
138 Solomon Islands 20.06 2017
139 Djibouti 19.42 2017
140 Zambia 18.93 2017
141 Mauritania 18.92 2017
142 Namibia 18.22 2017
143 Dem. Rep. Congo 18.17 2017
144 Côte d'Ivoire 18.02 2017
145 Cameroon 17.80 2017
146 Mozambique 16.76 2017
147 Guinea 16.56 2017
148 Uganda 16.17 2017
149 Ghana 11.93 2017
150 Burkina Faso 11.34 2017
151 Central African Republic 9.05 2016
152 Sierra Leone 8.52 2017
153 Guinea-Bissau 8.19 2017
154 Papua New Guinea 7.69 2017
155 Niger 7.65 2017
156 Benin 7.62 2017
157 Togo 7.40 2017
158 Madagascar 6.33 2017
159 Congo 6.26 2017
160 Liberia 5.89 2017
161 Eritrea 5.56 2016
162 Ethiopia 4.19 2017
163 Chad 1.89 2017

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Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on people's health. Basic and safely managed sanitation services can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and make them more susceptible to malnutrition and opportunistic infections like pneumonia, measles and malaria. The combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply and poor personal hygiene are responsible for many of childhood deaths. Every year, the failure to tackle these deficits results in severe welfare losses - wasted time, reduced productivity, ill health, impaired learning, environmental degradation and lost opportunities. Fundamental behavior changes are required before the use of improved facilities and services can be integrated into daily life. Many hygiene behaviors and habits are formed in childhood and, therefore, school health and hygiene education programs are an important part of water and sanitation improvements. Most basic sanitation technologies are not expensive to implement. However, those facing the problems of inadequate sanitation may not be aware of either the origin of their ills, or the true costs of poor sanitation and hygiene. As a result, in most of the developing countries those without sanitation are hard to convince of the need to invest scarce resources in sanitation facilities, or of the critical importance of changing long-held habits and unhygienic behaviors. Consequently, the people's representatives - governments and elected political leaders - rarely give sanitation or hygiene improvements the priority that is needed in order to tackle the massive sanitation deficit faced by the developing world. Children bear the brunt of sanitation-related impacts - their health, nutrition, growth, education, self-respect, and life opportunities suffer as a result of inadequate sanitation. Without improved sanitation, many of the current generation of children in developing countries are unlikely to develop to their full potential. Countries that don't take urgent action to redress sanitation deficiencies will find their future development and prosperity impaired.

Limitations and Exceptions: National, regional and income group estimates are made when data are available for at least 50 percent of the population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene are produced by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) based on administrative sources, national censuses and nationally representative household surveys. WHO/UNICEF defines basic sanitation facilities as improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines; ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual