Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution, age-standardized (per 100,000 population) - Country Ranking

Definition: Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution is the number of deaths attributable to the joint effects of household and ambient air pollution in a year per 100,000 population. The rates are age-standardized. Following diseases are taken into account: acute respiratory infections (estimated for all ages); cerebrovascular diseases in adults (estimated above 25 years); ischaemic heart diseases in adults (estimated above 25 years); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults (estimated above 25 years); and lung cancer in adults (estimated above 25 years).

Source: World Health Organization, Global Health Observatory Data Repository (http://apps.who.int/ghodata/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Sierra Leone 324.10 2016
2 Nigeria 307.40 2016
3 Chad 280.10 2016
4 Côte d'Ivoire 269.10 2016
5 Niger 251.80 2016
6 Togo 249.60 2016
7 Guinea 243.30 2016
8 The Gambia 237.00 2016
9 Guinea-Bissau 214.70 2016
10 Somalia 212.80 2016
11 Central African Republic 211.90 2016
12 Afghanistan 211.10 2016
13 Mali 209.10 2016
14 Cameroon 208.10 2016
15 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 207.20 2016
16 Burkina Faso 206.20 2016
17 Benin 205.00 2016
18 Ghana 203.80 2016
19 Yemen 194.20 2016
20 Nepal 193.80 2016
21 Lao PDR 188.50 2016
22 Philippines 185.20 2016
23 Sudan 184.90 2016
24 India 184.30 2016
24 Haiti 184.30 2016
26 Burundi 179.90 2016
27 Equatorial Guinea 177.70 2016
28 Lesotho 177.60 2016
29 Eritrea 173.70 2016
30 Pakistan 173.60 2016
31 Comoros 172.40 2016
32 Liberia 170.20 2016
33 Mauritania 169.50 2016
34 Dem. Rep. Congo 163.90 2016
35 São Tomé and Principe 162.40 2016
36 Senegal 160.70 2016
37 Madagascar 159.60 2016
38 Djibouti 159.00 2016
39 Myanmar 156.40 2016
40 Mongolia 155.90 2016
41 Uganda 155.70 2016
42 Papua New Guinea 152.00 2016
43 Cambodia 149.80 2016
44 Bangladesh 149.00 2016
45 Namibia 145.00 2016
46 Ethiopia 144.40 2016
47 Kiribati 140.20 2016
48 Timor-Leste 139.80 2016
49 Tanzania 139.00 2016
50 Solomon Islands 137.00 2016
50 Eswatini 137.00 2016
52 Vanuatu 135.60 2016
53 Zimbabwe 133.00 2016
54 Congo 130.70 2016
55 Tajikistan 129.30 2016
56 Zambia 127.20 2016
57 Bhutan 124.50 2016
58 Rwanda 121.40 2016
59 Angola 118.50 2016
60 Malawi 115.00 2016
61 China 112.70 2016
62 Indonesia 112.40 2016
63 Kyrgyz Republic 110.70 2016
64 Mozambique 110.00 2016
65 Egypt 108.90 2016
66 Guyana 107.80 2016
67 Kuwait 103.80 2016
68 Georgia 101.80 2016
69 Botswana 101.30 2016
70 Cabo Verde 99.50 2016
71 Fiji 99.00 2016
72 South Africa 86.70 2016
73 Samoa 85.00 2016
74 Saudi Arabia 83.70 2016
75 North Macedonia 82.20 2016
76 Uzbekistan 81.10 2016
77 Sri Lanka 79.80 2016
77 Bosnia and Herzegovina 79.80 2016
79 Turkmenistan 79.30 2016
80 Montenegro 78.60 2016
81 Moldova 78.30 2016
82 Kenya 78.10 2016
83 Gabon 76.00 2016
84 Syrian Arab Republic 75.20 2016
85 Iraq 75.10 2016
86 Guatemala 73.80 2016
87 Tonga 73.30 2016
88 Libya 71.90 2016
89 Ukraine 70.70 2016
90 Belize 68.60 2016
91 Albania 68.00 2016
92 Vietnam 64.50 2016
93 Peru 63.90 2016
93 Azerbaijan 63.90 2016
95 Bolivia 63.70 2016
96 Kazakhstan 62.70 2016
97 Serbia 62.50 2016
98 Bulgaria 61.80 2016
99 Thailand 61.50 2016
100 Belarus 60.70 2016
100 Honduras 60.70 2016
102 Romania 59.30 2016
103 Paraguay 57.50 2016
104 Suriname 56.70 2016
105 Tunisia 56.10 2016
106 Nicaragua 55.70 2016
107 Armenia 54.80 2016
108 United Arab Emirates 54.70 2016
109 Oman 53.90 2016
110 Lebanon 51.40 2016
111 Jordan 51.20 2016
112 Iran 50.90 2016
113 Algeria 49.70 2016
114 Cuba 49.50 2016
115 Russia 49.40 2016
116 Seychelles 49.30 2016
117 Morocco 49.10 2016
118 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 47.60 2016
119 Malaysia 47.40 2016
119 Qatar 47.40 2016
121 Turkey 46.60 2016
122 Grenada 45.30 2016
123 Dominican Republic 43.00 2016
124 El Salvador 41.90 2016
125 Latvia 41.30 2016
126 Bahrain 40.10 2016
127 Hungary 38.80 2016
128 Trinidad and Tobago 38.60 2016
129 Mauritius 38.30 2016
130 Poland 37.90 2016
131 Colombia 37.00 2016
132 Mexico 36.70 2016
133 Croatia 35.50 2016
134 Venezuela 34.60 2016
135 Lithuania 34.00 2016
136 Slovak Republic 33.50 2016
137 Barbados 31.10 2016
138 St. Lucia 30.00 2016
139 Antigua and Barbuda 29.90 2016
139 Brazil 29.90 2016
141 Czech Republic 29.60 2016
142 Greece 27.60 2016
143 Argentina 26.60 2016
144 Singapore 25.90 2016
145 Panama 25.80 2016
146 Jamaica 25.40 2016
147 Chile 25.30 2016
148 Estonia 25.00 2016
149 Ecuador 24.50 2016
150 Costa Rica 23.30 2016
151 Slovenia 22.60 2016
152 Korea 20.50 2016
153 Malta 20.20 2016
154 Cyprus 20.10 2016
155 The Bahamas 19.90 2016
156 Uruguay 17.50 2016
157 Germany 16.00 2016
158 Belgium 15.70 2016
159 Israel 15.40 2016
160 Austria 15.30 2016
161 Italy 15.00 2016
162 United Kingdom 13.80 2016
163 Netherlands 13.70 2016
164 Brunei 13.30 2016
164 United States 13.30 2016
166 Denmark 13.20 2016
167 Japan 11.90 2016
167 Ireland 11.90 2016
169 Luxembourg 11.60 2016
170 Switzerland 10.10 2016
171 Spain 9.90 2016
172 Portugal 9.80 2016
173 France 9.70 2016
174 Iceland 8.70 2016
175 Norway 8.60 2016
176 Australia 8.40 2016
177 Sweden 7.20 2016
177 Finland 7.20 2016
177 New Zealand 7.20 2016
180 Canada 7.00 2016

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Development Relevance: Air pollution is one of the biggest environmental risks to health. According to the World Health Organization, the combined effects of ambient (outdoor) and household air pollution cause about 7 million premature deaths every year. Most deaths occur due to increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and acute respiratory infections. The majority of the burden is borne by populations in low and middle income countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Estimates of the joint effects of air pollution are constrained by limited knowledge on the distribution of the population exposed to both household and ambient air pollution, correlation of exposures at individual level as household air pollution is a contributor to ambient air pollution, and non-linear interactions

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual