Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution, age-standardized, female (per 100,000 female population) - Country Ranking

Definition: Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution is the number of deaths attributable to the joint effects of household and ambient air pollution in a year per 100,000 population. The rates are age-standardized. Following diseases are taken into account: acute respiratory infections (estimated for all ages); cerebrovascular diseases in adults (estimated above 25 years); ischaemic heart diseases in adults (estimated above 25 years); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in adults (estimated above 25 years); and lung cancer in adults (estimated above 25 years).

Source: World Health Organization, Global Health Observatory Data Repository (http://apps.who.int/ghodata/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Sierra Leone 333.00 2016
2 Nigeria 313.00 2016
3 Chad 262.00 2016
4 Côte d'Ivoire 259.00 2016
5 Niger 237.00 2016
5 Guinea 237.00 2016
7 Togo 234.00 2016
8 The Gambia 220.00 2016
9 Mali 216.00 2016
10 Guinea-Bissau 206.00 2016
11 Somalia 204.00 2016
11 Ghana 204.00 2016
11 Central African Republic 204.00 2016
14 Afghanistan 195.00 2016
15 Burkina Faso 194.00 2016
16 Benin 193.00 2016
17 Cameroon 190.00 2016
18 Lao PDR 182.00 2016
19 Yemen 179.00 2016
20 Sudan 175.00 2016
21 Equatorial Guinea 174.00 2016
22 Burundi 173.00 2016
22 Nepal 173.00 2016
24 Haiti 172.00 2016
24 Liberia 172.00 2016
26 Lesotho 166.00 2016
26 India 166.00 2016
26 Dem. Rep. Congo 166.00 2016
29 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 158.00 2016
29 São Tomé and Principe 158.00 2016
31 Mauritania 157.00 2016
32 Uganda 155.00 2016
33 Comoros 154.00 2016
34 Madagascar 153.00 2016
35 Senegal 152.00 2016
36 Philippines 151.00 2016
37 Eritrea 150.00 2016
38 Pakistan 149.00 2016
39 Djibouti 143.00 2016
40 Cambodia 140.00 2016
41 Congo 138.00 2016
42 Bangladesh 137.00 2016
43 Tanzania 135.00 2016
44 Myanmar 133.00 2016
44 Zimbabwe 133.00 2016
46 Ethiopia 132.00 2016
47 Timor-Leste 130.00 2016
47 Bhutan 130.00 2016
49 Namibia 129.00 2016
50 Papua New Guinea 125.00 2016
51 Eswatini 124.00 2016
52 Zambia 121.00 2016
53 Mongolia 119.00 2016
54 Rwanda 118.00 2016
55 Angola 117.00 2016
56 Solomon Islands 116.00 2016
57 Tajikistan 115.00 2016
58 Vanuatu 111.00 2016
59 Kiribati 107.00 2016
60 Mozambique 106.00 2016
61 Malawi 104.00 2016
62 China 100.00 2016
63 Guyana 98.00 2016
64 Indonesia 94.00 2016
65 Egypt 90.00 2016
66 Kuwait 89.00 2016
67 Botswana 88.00 2016
68 Kyrgyz Republic 87.00 2016
69 Cabo Verde 85.00 2016
70 Kenya 75.00 2016
71 Gabon 73.00 2016
71 Georgia 73.00 2016
73 Saudi Arabia 72.00 2016
74 Fiji 70.00 2016
75 Guatemala 68.00 2016
76 South Africa 66.00 2016
76 Uzbekistan 66.00 2016
78 North Macedonia 64.00 2016
78 Iraq 64.00 2016
80 Turkmenistan 63.00 2016
80 Sri Lanka 63.00 2016
82 Bosnia and Herzegovina 62.00 2016
82 Syrian Arab Republic 62.00 2016
82 Montenegro 62.00 2016
85 Moldova 61.00 2016
86 Samoa 58.00 2016
87 Bolivia 56.00 2016
88 Belize 55.00 2016
88 Albania 55.00 2016
88 Peru 55.00 2016
91 Libya 54.00 2016
92 Azerbaijan 51.00 2016
92 Ukraine 51.00 2016
94 Nicaragua 50.00 2016
95 Paraguay 49.00 2016
96 Honduras 48.00 2016
96 Tonga 48.00 2016
98 Kazakhstan 47.00 2016
98 Thailand 47.00 2016
98 Serbia 47.00 2016
101 Iran 46.00 2016
102 United Arab Emirates 45.00 2016
102 Bulgaria 45.00 2016
104 Romania 44.00 2016
104 Algeria 44.00 2016
106 Oman 43.00 2016
106 Vietnam 43.00 2016
108 Suriname 42.00 2016
108 Morocco 42.00 2016
108 Cuba 42.00 2016
108 Tunisia 42.00 2016
112 Lebanon 41.00 2016
113 Belarus 40.00 2016
113 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 40.00 2016
115 Grenada 39.00 2016
115 Malaysia 39.00 2016
115 Jordan 39.00 2016
118 Armenia 38.00 2016
119 Qatar 37.00 2016
120 Dominican Republic 36.00 2016
121 Bahrain 35.00 2016
121 El Salvador 35.00 2016
123 Russia 33.00 2016
124 Seychelles 31.00 2016
125 Trinidad and Tobago 30.00 2016
125 Colombia 30.00 2016
125 Mexico 30.00 2016
128 Turkey 29.00 2016
129 Hungary 28.00 2016
129 Mauritius 28.00 2016
129 Latvia 28.00 2016
132 Poland 26.00 2016
132 Venezuela 26.00 2016
134 Croatia 25.00 2016
134 Barbados 25.00 2016
134 St. Lucia 25.00 2016
137 Antigua and Barbuda 24.00 2016
137 Slovak Republic 24.00 2016
137 Brazil 24.00 2016
140 Lithuania 23.00 2016
141 Czech Republic 21.00 2016
141 Ecuador 21.00 2016
141 Jamaica 21.00 2016
141 Panama 21.00 2016
145 Argentina 20.00 2016
145 Greece 20.00 2016
147 Singapore 19.00 2016
147 Chile 19.00 2016
149 Costa Rica 18.00 2016
150 Estonia 17.00 2016
150 Slovenia 17.00 2016
152 Malta 15.00 2016
152 The Bahamas 15.00 2016
154 Korea 14.00 2016
155 Cyprus 13.00 2016
156 Germany 12.00 2016
156 Belgium 12.00 2016
156 Austria 12.00 2016
156 Uruguay 12.00 2016
160 Israel 11.00 2016
160 Italy 11.00 2016
160 Brunei 11.00 2016
160 Netherlands 11.00 2016
160 Denmark 11.00 2016
160 United Kingdom 11.00 2016
166 United States 10.00 2016
167 Ireland 9.00 2016
168 Switzerland 8.00 2016
168 Luxembourg 8.00 2016
168 Japan 8.00 2016
171 Australia 7.00 2016
171 Norway 7.00 2016
171 Portugal 7.00 2016
171 Iceland 7.00 2016
171 France 7.00 2016
176 New Zealand 6.00 2016
176 Sweden 6.00 2016
176 Spain 6.00 2016
179 Canada 5.00 2016
179 Finland 5.00 2016

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Development Relevance: Air pollution is one of the biggest environmental risks to health. According to the World Health Organization, the combined effects of ambient (outdoor) and household air pollution cause about 7 million premature deaths every year. Most deaths occur due to increased mortality from stroke, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and acute respiratory infections. The majority of the burden is borne by populations in low and middle income countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Estimates of the joint effects of air pollution are constrained by limited knowledge on the distribution of the population exposed to both household and ambient air pollution, correlation of exposures at individual level as household air pollution is a contributor to ambient air pollution, and non-linear interactions

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual