Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in: rate varies by country) - Country Ranking

Definition: Life time risk of maternal death is the probability that a 15-year-old female will die eventually from a maternal cause assuming that current levels of fertility and mortality (including maternal mortality) do not change in the future, taking into account competing causes of death.

Source: WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and the United Nations Population Division. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2015. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2015

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Greece 23,700.00 2015
2 Poland 22,100.00 2015
3 Finland 21,700.00 2015
4 Italy 19,700.00 2015
5 Austria 18,200.00 2015
6 Czech Republic 14,800.00 2015
7 Spain 14,700.00 2015
8 Iceland 14,600.00 2015
9 Belarus 13,800.00 2015
10 Japan 13,400.00 2015
11 Sweden 12,900.00 2015
12 Switzerland 12,400.00 2015
13 Slovak Republic 12,100.00 2015
14 Germany 11,700.00 2015
15 Norway 11,500.00 2015
16 Kuwait 10,300.00 2015
17 Denmark 9,500.00 2015
18 Cyprus 9,400.00 2015
19 Canada 8,800.00 2015
20 Netherlands 8,700.00 2015
20 Australia 8,700.00 2015
22 Macedonia 8,500.00 2015
23 Montenegro 8,300.00 2015
23 Malta 8,300.00 2015
25 Singapore 8,200.00 2015
25 Portugal 8,200.00 2015
27 Belgium 8,000.00 2015
28 Croatia 7,900.00 2015
28 United Arab Emirates 7,900.00 2015
30 Korea 7,200.00 2015
31 Slovenia 7,000.00 2015
32 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,800.00 2015
33 Luxembourg 6,500.00 2015
34 Estonia 6,300.00 2015
34 Lithuania 6,300.00 2015
36 Israel 6,200.00 2015
36 Bulgaria 6,200.00 2015
38 Ireland 6,100.00 2015
38 France 6,100.00 2015
40 United Kingdom 5,800.00 2015
41 New Zealand 4,500.00 2015
42 Hungary 4,400.00 2015
43 Puerto Rico 4,300.00 2015
44 Libya 4,200.00 2015
45 Serbia 3,900.00 2015
46 United States 3,800.00 2015
47 Lebanon 3,700.00 2015
48 Thailand 3,600.00 2015
49 Qatar 3,500.00 2015
49 Latvia 3,500.00 2015
51 Uruguay 3,300.00 2015
52 Moldova 3,200.00 2015
53 Saudi Arabia 3,100.00 2015
54 Bahrain 3,000.00 2015
54 Kazakhstan 3,000.00 2015
54 Turkey 3,000.00 2015
57 Chile 2,600.00 2015
57 Ukraine 2,600.00 2015
59 China 2,400.00 2015
60 Brunei 2,300.00 2015
60 Armenia 2,300.00 2015
60 Russia 2,300.00 2015
60 Romania 2,300.00 2015
64 Barbados 2,100.00 2015
64 Costa Rica 2,100.00 2015
66 Iran 2,000.00 2015
67 Oman 1,900.00 2015
67 Albania 1,900.00 2015
69 Cuba 1,800.00 2015
70 Sri Lanka 1,600.00 2015
70 Azerbaijan 1,600.00 2015
72 Georgia 1,500.00 2015
72 Grenada 1,500.00 2015
74 Mauritius 1,300.00 2015
74 Belize 1,300.00 2015
76 Malaysia 1,200.00 2015
76 Brazil 1,200.00 2015
76 Fiji 1,200.00 2015
79 St. Lucia 1,100.00 2015
79 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1,100.00 2015
79 Mexico 1,100.00 2015
82 Uzbekistan 1,000.00 2015
83 Turkmenistan 940.00 2015
84 Cabo Verde 900.00 2015
85 El Salvador 890.00 2015
86 Vietnam 870.00 2015
87 Trinidad and Tobago 860.00 2015
88 Egypt 810.00 2015
89 Colombia 800.00 2015
89 Mongolia 800.00 2015
91 Argentina 790.00 2015
91 Tajikistan 790.00 2015
93 Tunisia 710.00 2015
94 The Bahamas 660.00 2015
94 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 660.00 2015
96 Ecuador 580.00 2015
97 Peru 570.00 2015
98 Jamaica 520.00 2015
99 Samoa 500.00 2015
100 Jordan 490.00 2015
101 Syrian Arab Republic 440.00 2015
102 Iraq 420.00 2015
102 Panama 420.00 2015
102 Venezuela 420.00 2015
105 Dominican Republic 400.00 2015
106 Kyrgyz Republic 390.00 2015
107 Vanuatu 360.00 2015
108 Guatemala 330.00 2015
109 Indonesia 320.00 2015
109 Morocco 320.00 2015
111 Bhutan 310.00 2015
112 Honduras 300.00 2015
112 South Africa 300.00 2015
112 Kiribati 300.00 2015
115 Philippines 280.00 2015
116 Botswana 270.00 2015
116 Nicaragua 270.00 2015
116 Paraguay 270.00 2015
116 Suriname 270.00 2015
120 Myanmar 260.00 2015
121 Bangladesh 240.00 2015
121 Algeria 240.00 2015
123 Tonga 230.00 2015
124 Solomon Islands 220.00 2015
124 India 220.00 2015
126 Cambodia 210.00 2015
127 Guyana 170.00 2015
128 Bolivia 160.00 2015
129 Nepal 150.00 2015
129 Lao PDR 150.00 2015
131 Pakistan 140.00 2015
131 São Tomé and Principe 140.00 2015
131 Djibouti 140.00 2015
134 Papua New Guinea 120.00 2015
135 Namibia 100.00 2015
136 Haiti 90.00 2015
137 Gabon 85.00 2015
137 Rwanda 85.00 2015
139 Timor-Leste 82.00 2015
140 Zambia 79.00 2015
141 Swaziland 76.00 2015
142 Ghana 74.00 2015
143 Sudan 72.00 2015
144 Comoros 66.00 2015
145 Ethiopia 64.00 2015
146 Senegal 61.00 2015
146 Lesotho 61.00 2015
146 Equatorial Guinea 61.00 2015
149 Yemen 60.00 2015
149 Madagascar 60.00 2015
151 Togo 58.00 2015
152 Zimbabwe 52.00 2015
152 Afghanistan 52.00 2015
154 Benin 51.00 2015
155 Burkina Faso 48.00 2015
156 Uganda 47.00 2015
157 Congo 45.00 2015
157 Tanzania 45.00 2015
159 Eritrea 43.00 2015
160 Kenya 42.00 2015
161 Mozambique 40.00 2015
162 Guinea-Bissau 38.00 2015
163 Mauritania 36.00 2015
164 Cameroon 35.00 2015
165 Angola 32.00 2015
165 Côte d'Ivoire 32.00 2015
167 Guinea 29.00 2015
167 Malawi 29.00 2015
169 Liberia 28.00 2015
170 Central African Republic 27.00 2015
170 Mali 27.00 2015
172 Dem. Rep. Congo 24.00 2015
172 The Gambia 24.00 2015
174 Niger 23.00 2015
174 Burundi 23.00 2015
176 Somalia 22.00 2015
176 Nigeria 22.00 2015
178 Chad 18.00 2015
179 Sierra Leone 17.00 2015

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Limitations and Exceptions: The methodology differs from that used for previous estimates, so data should not be compared historically. Maternal mortality ratios are generally of unknown reliability, as are many other cause-specific mortality indicators. The probability cannot be assumed to provide an exact estimate of risk of maternal death.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Reproductive health is a state of physical and mental well-being in relation to the reproductive system and its functions and processes. Means of achieving reproductive health include education and services during pregnancy and childbirth, safe and effective contraception, and prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries. Maternal mortality is generally of unknown reliability, as are many other cause-specific mortality indicators. Household surveys such as Demographic and Health Surveys attempt to measure maternal mortality by asking respondents about survivorship of sisters. The main disadvantage of this method is that the estimates of maternal mortality that it produces pertain to any time within the past few years before the survey, making them unsuitable for monitoring recent changes or observing the impact of interventions. In addition, measurement of maternal mortality is subject to many types of errors. Even in high-income countries with reliable vital registration systems, misclassification of maternal deaths has been found to lead to serious underestimation. The estimates are based on an exercise by the Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group (MMEIG) which consists of World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), World Bank, and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and include country-level time series data. For countries without complete registration data but with other types of data and for countries with no data, maternal mortality is estimated with a regression model using available national maternal mortality data and socioeconomic information. In countries with a high risk of maternal death, many girls die before reaching reproductive age. Lifetime risk of maternal mortality refers to the probability that a 15-year-old girl will eventually die due to a maternal cause.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual