Physicians (per 1,000 people) - Country Ranking

Definition: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.

Source: World Health Organization's Global Health Workforce Statistics, OECD, supplemented by country data.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Cuba 7.52 2014
2 Monaco 6.65 2014
3 San Marino 6.36 2014
4 Greece 6.26 2014
5 Austria 5.15 2015
6 Georgia 4.78 2014
7 Portugal 4.43 2014
8 Norway 4.42 2014
9 Lithuania 4.33 2014
10 Germany 4.13 2014
11 Switzerland 4.11 2014
12 Sweden 4.11 2013
13 Belarus 4.07 2014
14 Bulgaria 4.00 2014
15 Italy 3.95 2014
16 Malta 3.91 2015
17 Spain 3.82 2014
18 Iceland 3.79 2015
19 Argentina 3.76 2013
20 Uruguay 3.74 2010
21 Andorra 3.69 2015
22 Czech Republic 3.68 2013
23 Denmark 3.65 2013
24 Israel 3.62 2014
25 Azerbaijan 3.40 2014
26 Slovak Republic 3.39 2013
27 Australia 3.37 2013
28 Netherlands 3.35 2014
29 Hungary 3.32 2014
29 Estonia 3.32 2014
31 Russia 3.31 2014
32 Kazakhstan 3.27 2014
33 France 3.23 2015
34 Latvia 3.22 2014
35 Croatia 3.13 2014
36 Sudan 3.06 2014
37 Finland 3.01 2013
38 Ukraine 3.00 2014
39 Belgium 2.97 2014
40 Luxembourg 2.92 2015
41 Mongolia 2.88 2011
42 New Zealand 2.85 2014
43 United Kingdom 2.81 2015
44 Armenia 2.80 2014
45 Macedonia 2.80 2013
46 Ireland 2.79 2015
47 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 2.78 2011
48 Slovenia 2.77 2014
49 The Bahamas 2.72 2008
50 Romania 2.67 2013
51 Jordan 2.65 2014
52 Saudi Arabia 2.57 2014
53 United States 2.55 2013
54 Moldova 2.54 2014
55 Cyprus 2.50 2014
56 Canada 2.48 2012
57 Serbia 2.46 2014
58 Uzbekistan 2.45 2014
59 Lebanon 2.38 2014
60 Montenegro 2.34 2015
61 Japan 2.30 2012
62 Turkmenistan 2.29 2014
63 Poland 2.27 2014
64 Korea 2.23 2014
65 Libya 2.09 2014
66 Mexico 2.07 2013
67 New Caledonia 1.98 1999
68 Qatar 1.96 2014
69 Kuwait 1.95 2014
70 China 1.94 2012
71 Cayman Islands 1.94 1997
72 Venezuela 1.93 2001
73 Singapore 1.91 2013
74 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.89 2013
75 Kyrgyz Republic 1.85 2014
76 Brazil 1.85 2013
77 Barbados 1.81 2010
78 Dominica 1.78 2001
79 Puerto Rico 1.75 1995
80 Turkey 1.75 2014
81 Tajikistan 1.71 2014
82 Ecuador 1.67 2011
83 Tunisia 1.65 2014
84 El Salvador 1.60 2010
85 Panama 1.59 2013
86 Colombia 1.57 2010
87 Macao SAR, China 1.56 1987
88 United Arab Emirates 1.56 2014
89 Syrian Arab Republic 1.55 2014
90 Oman 1.54 2014
91 Dominican Republic 1.49 2011
92 Iran 1.49 2014
93 Brunei 1.47 2012
94 Palau 1.42 2010
95 Hong Kong SAR, China 1.32 1995
96 Albania 1.29 2013
96 Paraguay 1.29 2012
98 Malaysia 1.28 2011
99 Algeria 1.21 2010
100 Vietnam 1.18 2013
101 Trinidad and Tobago 1.18 2010
102 Costa Rica 1.15 2013
103 Greenland 1.14 1980
104 Peru 1.12 2012
105 Philippines 1.11 2004
106 Tuvalu 1.09 2010
107 Mauritius 1.07 2004
108 St. Kitts and Nevis 1.06 2001
109 Chile 1.03 2009
110 Nauru 1.00 2010
111 Seychelles 0.98 2012
112 Bahrain 0.94 2014
113 Nicaragua 0.91 2014
114 Guatemala 0.90 2009
115 Iraq 0.85 2014
116 Belize 0.83 2010
117 Suriname 0.82 2004
118 Egypt 0.81 2014
119 Pakistan 0.81 2014
120 South Africa 0.77 2015
121 Sri Lanka 0.73 2010
122 India 0.73 2014
123 Grenada 0.67 2006
124 Morocco 0.62 2014
125 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.57 2001
126 Myanmar 0.57 2012
127 Tonga 0.56 2010
128 São Tomé and Principe 0.54 2004
129 Samoa 0.48 2010
130 Bolivia 0.47 2011
131 Fiji 0.43 2010
132 Jamaica 0.41 2008
133 Nigeria 0.40 2010
134 Thailand 0.39 2010
135 Honduras 0.39 2005
136 Bangladesh 0.39 2012
137 Botswana 0.38 2012
138 Namibia 0.37 2010
139 Yemen 0.31 2014
140 Cabo Verde 0.31 2011
141 Afghanistan 0.30 2014
142 Gabon 0.29 2004
143 Bhutan 0.26 2014
144 Equatorial Guinea 0.25 2004
145 Haiti 0.24 1998
146 Djibouti 0.23 2014
147 Guyana 0.21 2010
147 Nepal 0.21 2004
149 Solomon Islands 0.20 2011
149 Kiribati 0.20 2013
151 Indonesia 0.20 2012
152 Kenya 0.20 2013
153 Comoros 0.19 2004
154 Vanuatu 0.19 2012
155 Lao PDR 0.18 2012
156 Cambodia 0.17 2013
157 Zambia 0.16 2012
158 Antigua and Barbuda 0.16 1999
159 Swaziland 0.15 2009
160 Benin 0.15 2013
161 Côte d'Ivoire 0.14 2010
161 Angola 0.14 2009
163 Madagascar 0.14 2012
164 Uganda 0.12 2010
165 St. Lucia 0.10 2009
166 Guinea 0.10 2010
167 Ghana 0.10 2010
168 Congo 0.10 2010
169 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.09 2009
170 Mali 0.09 2010
171 Cameroon 0.08 2010
172 Timor-Leste 0.08 2011
173 Zimbabwe 0.07 2011
174 Mauritania 0.07 2013
175 Senegal 0.06 2010
176 Papua New Guinea 0.06 2010
176 Rwanda 0.06 2010
176 Mozambique 0.06 2013
179 Togo 0.05 2010
179 Eritrea 0.05 2004
181 Burkina Faso 0.05 2012
181 Lesotho 0.05 2003
181 Central African Republic 0.05 2009
184 Guinea-Bissau 0.05 2010
185 Chad 0.04 2013
186 The Gambia 0.04 2010
187 Tanzania 0.03 2012
188 Somalia 0.03 2014
189 Burundi 0.03 2004
190 Sierra Leone 0.02 2010
191 Ethiopia 0.02 2010
192 Niger 0.02 2010
192 Malawi 0.02 2010
194 Liberia 0.01 2010

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Development Relevance: The WHO estimates that at least 2.5 medical staff (physicians, nurses and midwives) per 1,000 people are needed to provide adequate coverage with primary care interventions (WHO, World Health Report 2006).

Limitations and Exceptions: The WHO compiles data from household and labor force surveys, censuses, and administrative records. Data comparability is limited by differences in definitions and training of medical personnel varies. In addition, human resources tend to be concentrated in urban areas, so that average densities do not provide a full picture of health personnel available to the entire population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Health systems - the combined arrangements of institutions and actions whose primary purpose is to promote, restore, or maintain health (World Health Organization, World Health Report 2000) - are increasingly being recognized as key to combating disease and improving the health status of populations. The World Bank's Healthy Development: Strategy for Health, Nutrition, and Population Results emphasizes the need to strengthen health systems, which are weak in many countries, in order to increase the effectiveness of programs aimed at reducing specific diseases and further reduce morbidity and mortality. To evaluate health systems, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that key components - such as financing, service delivery, workforce, governance, and information - be monitored using several key indicators. The data are a subset of the key indicators. Monitoring health systems allows the effectiveness, efficiency, and equity of different health system models to be compared. Health system data also help identify weaknesses and strengths and areas that need investment, such as additional health facilities, better health information systems, or better trained human resources. Data on health worker (physicians, nurses and midwives, and community health workers) density show the availability of medical personnel.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual