Physicians (per 1,000 people) - Country Ranking

Definition: Physicians include generalist and specialist medical practitioners.

Source: World Health Organization's Global Health Workforce Statistics, OECD, supplemented by country data.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Cuba 8.19 2017
2 Monaco 6.56 2014
3 San Marino 6.15 2014
4 Sweden 5.40 2016
5 Austria 5.14 2016
6 Georgia 5.10 2015
7 Uruguay 5.05 2017
8 Norway 4.63 2017
9 Greece 4.59 2016
10 Denmark 4.46 2016
11 Lithuania 4.34 2016
12 Czech Republic 4.31 2016
13 Switzerland 4.24 2016
14 Germany 4.21 2016
15 Italy 4.09 2017
16 Belarus 4.08 2014
17 Spain 4.07 2016
18 Russia 4.01 2016
19 Bulgaria 3.99 2014
20 Iceland 3.97 2017
21 Argentina 3.96 2017
22 Malta 3.83 2015
23 Finland 3.81 2016
24 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 3.67 2017
25 Australia 3.59 2016
26 Netherlands 3.51 2016
27 Estonia 3.47 2016
28 Azerbaijan 3.45 2014
29 Portugal 3.34 2016
30 Andorra 3.33 2015
31 Belgium 3.32 2016
32 Kazakhstan 3.25 2014
33 France 3.23 2016
34 Hungary 3.23 2016
35 Israel 3.22 2016
36 Moldova 3.20 2015
37 Latvia 3.19 2016
38 Serbia 3.13 2016
39 Ireland 3.09 2017
40 Luxembourg 3.03 2017
41 New Zealand 3.03 2016
42 Ukraine 3.01 2014
43 Croatia 3.00 2016
44 Slovenia 3.00 2016
45 Armenia 2.90 2014
46 Mongolia 2.89 2016
47 North Macedonia 2.87 2015
48 United Kingdom 2.81 2017
49 Antigua and Barbuda 2.76 2017
50 Trinidad and Tobago 2.67 2015
51 Canada 2.61 2017
52 United States 2.59 2016
53 Kuwait 2.58 2015
54 St. Kitts and Nevis 2.52 2015
55 Barbados 2.49 2017
56 Slovak Republic 2.46 2016
57 Japan 2.41 2016
58 Poland 2.40 2016
59 United Arab Emirates 2.39 2016
60 Saudi Arabia 2.39 2016
61 Uzbekistan 2.37 2014
62 Korea 2.37 2017
63 Jordan 2.34 2017
64 Montenegro 2.33 2015
65 Singapore 2.31 2016
66 Lebanon 2.27 2017
67 Romania 2.26 2016
68 Mexico 2.25 2016
69 Turkmenistan 2.22 2014
70 Libya 2.16 2017
71 Brazil 2.15 2018
72 Colombia 2.08 2017
73 Ecuador 2.05 2016
74 Mauritius 2.02 2015
75 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.00 2013
76 New Caledonia 1.98 1999
77 Oman 1.97 2017
78 Cyprus 1.95 2016
79 Cayman Islands 1.94 1997
80 The Bahamas 1.94 2017
81 Venezuela 1.92 2001
82 Kyrgyz Republic 1.88 2014
83 Algeria 1.83 2016
84 China 1.79 2015
85 Brunei 1.77 2015
86 Turkey 1.76 2014
87 Puerto Rico 1.75 1995
88 Tajikistan 1.70 2014
89 Bolivia 1.61 2016
90 Panama 1.57 2016
91 El Salvador 1.57 2016
92 Macao SAR, China 1.56 1987
93 Dominican Republic 1.56 2017
94 Malaysia 1.51 2015
95 Grenada 1.45 2017
96 Paraguay 1.37 2018
97 Jamaica 1.32 2017
98 Hong Kong SAR, China 1.32 1995
99 Philippines 1.28 2010
100 Tunisia 1.27 2016
101 Peru 1.27 2016
102 Nauru 1.24 2015
103 Suriname 1.23 2018
104 Syrian Arab Republic 1.22 2016
105 Albania 1.20 2016
106 Palau 1.18 2014
107 Costa Rica 1.15 2013
108 Iran 1.14 2015
109 Greenland 1.14 1980
110 Belize 1.13 2017
111 Dominica 1.08 2017
112 Chile 1.08 2016
113 Nicaragua 1.01 2018
114 Pakistan 0.98 2015
115 Sri Lanka 0.96 2017
116 Seychelles 0.95 2016
117 Bahrain 0.93 2015
118 Tuvalu 0.92 2014
119 South Africa 0.91 2017
120 Myanmar 0.86 2017
121 Fiji 0.84 2015
122 Iraq 0.82 2017
123 Vietnam 0.82 2016
124 Thailand 0.81 2017
125 Guyana 0.80 2018
126 Egypt 0.79 2017
127 India 0.78 2017
128 Cabo Verde 0.77 2015
129 Morocco 0.73 2017
130 Timor-Leste 0.72 2017
131 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.66 2010
132 Nepal 0.65 2017
133 Bangladesh 0.53 2017
134 Tonga 0.52 2013
135 Lao PDR 0.50 2014
136 Sudan 0.41 2015
137 Equatorial Guinea 0.40 2017
138 Nigeria 0.38 2013
139 Indonesia 0.38 2017
140 Namibia 0.37 2010
141 Bhutan 0.37 2017
142 Botswana 0.37 2016
143 Gabon 0.36 2016
144 Guatemala 0.36 2018
145 Samoa 0.34 2016
146 São Tomé and Principe 0.32 2015
147 Honduras 0.31 2017
148 Yemen 0.31 2014
149 Afghanistan 0.28 2016
150 Haiti 0.23 2018
151 Côte d'Ivoire 0.23 2014
152 Djibouti 0.22 2014
153 Angola 0.21 2017
154 Kiribati 0.20 2013
155 Guinea-Bissau 0.20 2015
156 Solomon Islands 0.20 2016
157 Kenya 0.20 2014
158 Madagascar 0.18 2014
159 Ghana 0.18 2017
160 Mauritania 0.18 2017
161 Vanuatu 0.17 2016
162 Comoros 0.17 2012
163 Cambodia 0.17 2014
164 Benin 0.16 2016
165 Mali 0.14 2016
166 Rwanda 0.13 2017
167 Congo 0.12 2011
168 The Gambia 0.11 2015
169 St. Lucia 0.11 2009
170 Ethiopia 0.10 2017
171 Zambia 0.09 2016
172 Uganda 0.09 2015
173 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.09 2013
174 Cameroon 0.09 2011
175 Eswatini 0.08 2016
176 Guinea 0.08 2016
177 Zimbabwe 0.08 2014
178 Mozambique 0.07 2017
179 Senegal 0.07 2016
180 Lesotho 0.07 2010
181 Central African Republic 0.06 2015
182 Burkina Faso 0.06 2016
183 Eritrea 0.06 2004
184 Papua New Guinea 0.05 2010
185 Burundi 0.05 2016
185 Niger 0.05 2014
187 Togo 0.05 2015
188 Chad 0.05 2016
189 Tanzania 0.04 2014
190 Liberia 0.04 2015
191 Sierra Leone 0.03 2011
192 Somalia 0.02 2014
193 Malawi 0.02 2016
194 Qatar 0.00 2017

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Development Relevance: The WHO estimates that at least 2.5 medical staff (physicians, nurses and midwives) per 1,000 people are needed to provide adequate coverage with primary care interventions (WHO, World Health Report 2006).

Limitations and Exceptions: The WHO compiles data from household and labor force surveys, censuses, and administrative records. Data comparability is limited by differences in definitions and training of medical personnel varies. In addition, human resources tend to be concentrated in urban areas, so that average densities do not provide a full picture of health personnel available to the entire population.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Health systems - the combined arrangements of institutions and actions whose primary purpose is to promote, restore, or maintain health (World Health Organization, World Health Report 2000) - are increasingly being recognized as key to combating disease and improving the health status of populations. The World Bank's Healthy Development: Strategy for Health, Nutrition, and Population Results emphasizes the need to strengthen health systems, which are weak in many countries, in order to increase the effectiveness of programs aimed at reducing specific diseases and further reduce morbidity and mortality. To evaluate health systems, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that key components - such as financing, service delivery, workforce, governance, and information - be monitored using several key indicators. The data are a subset of the key indicators. Monitoring health systems allows the effectiveness, efficiency, and equity of different health system models to be compared. Health system data also help identify weaknesses and strengths and areas that need investment, such as additional health facilities, better health information systems, or better trained human resources. Data on health worker (physicians, nurses and midwives, and community health workers) density show the availability of medical personnel.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual