Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, female (% of 24 hour day) - Country Ranking

Definition: The average time women spend on household provision of services for own consumption. Domestic and care work includes food preparation, dishwashing, cleaning and upkeep of a dwelling, laundry, ironing, gardening, caring for pets, shopping, installation, servicing and repair of personal and household goods, childcare, and care of the sick, elderly or disabled household members, among others.

Source: National statistical offices or national database and publications compiled by United Nations Statistics Division

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Mexico 27.99 2014
2 Guatemala 27.43 2011
3 El Salvador 26.43 2010
4 Azerbaijan 25.42 2008
5 Iraq 24.10 2007
6 Argentina 23.68 2013
7 Peru 22.57 2010
8 Chile 22.15 2015
9 Ethiopia 22.08 2013
9 Algeria 22.08 2012
11 Tunisia 21.94 2006
12 Albania 21.74 2011
13 Armenia 21.67 2008
14 Iran 21.04 2009
15 Australia 20.83 2006
15 Bolivia 20.83 2001
15 Morocco 20.83 2012
18 Ireland 20.56 2005
18 Slovenia 20.56 2001
20 Mali 20.42 2008
20 Romania 20.42 2012
22 Serbia 20.21 2011
23 Uruguay 20.14 2013
24 Mongolia 19.86 2011
24 Pakistan 19.86 2007
24 Italy 19.86 2009
27 Hungary 19.79 2010
28 Macedonia 19.51 2009
29 Belarus 19.17 2015
29 Turkey 19.17 2015
29 Greece 19.17 2014
32 Malaysia 19.10 2003
33 Moldova 19.03 2012
33 Oman 19.03 2008
35 Mauritius 18.96 2003
35 Spain 18.96 2010
37 Costa Rica 18.82 2011
38 Malta 18.75 2002
39 Lithuania 18.68 2003
40 Bulgaria 18.47 2010
41 Poland 18.33 2013
42 Colombia 18.13 2012
43 New Zealand 18.06 2010
44 Ecuador 17.92 2012
45 Switzerland 17.64 2013
46 Estonia 17.22 2010
47 Kazakhstan 17.08 2012
48 Austria 16.94 2009
49 Kyrgyz Republic 16.81 2015
50 Tanzania 16.53 2014
51 France 16.39 2010
52 Cuba 16.32 2001
53 China 16.25 2008
54 Canada 16.18 2010
55 Sweden 15.97 2011
56 United States 15.90 2015
56 South Africa 15.90 2010
56 Belgium 15.90 2013
56 Germany 15.90 2013
60 Denmark 15.63 2009
60 Latvia 15.63 2003
60 Madagascar 15.63 2001
63 Lesotho 15.56 2003
63 Finland 15.56 2010
65 Ghana 15.49 2009
66 Japan 14.93 2011
67 United Kingdom 14.72 2005
67 Netherlands 14.72 2012
69 Luxembourg 14.44 2014
69 Korea 14.44 2014
71 Qatar 13.82 2013
71 Panama 13.82 2011
73 Norway 13.75 2011
74 Honduras 13.54 2009
75 Brazil 13.33 2012
76 Bhutan 13.26 2007
77 Thailand 12.78 2009
78 Cambodia 12.50 2004
79 Hong Kong SAR, China 10.83 2013
80 Lao PDR 10.42 2013
81 Malawi 8.68 2005

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Development Relevance: Women often spend disproportionately more time on unpaid domestic and care work than men. This unequal division of responsibilities is correlated with gender differences in economic opportunities, includign low female labor force participation, occupational sex segregation, and earnings diffrentials. The need for a gender balance in the distribution of unpaid domestic and care work has been increasingly recognized and the Sustainable Development Goals address the issue in the target 5.4.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work is calculated by dividing the daily average number of hours spent on unpaid domestic and care work by 24 hours. Data presented for this indicator are expressed as a proportion of time in a day. Weekly data is averaged over seven days of the week to obtain the daily average time.

Periodicity: Annual