School enrollment, tertiary, male (% gross) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Libya 58.08 2003
2 Egypt 36.87 2015
3 Mauritius 31.73 2015
4 Algeria 28.95 2015
5 Morocco 28.74 2015
6 Tunisia 26.20 2015
7 Benin 22.37 2013
8 Cameroon 19.70 2015
9 Botswana 19.25 2016
10 Ghana 19.12 2015
11 Cabo Verde 18.10 2015
12 Sudan 15.83 2014
13 South Africa 15.70 2014
14 Guinea 14.94 2014
15 Togo 14.89 2015
16 Liberia 14.23 2012
17 São Tomé and Principe 13.18 2015
18 Senegal 12.94 2015
19 Nigeria 11.76 2011
20 Congo 11.10 2013
21 Côte d'Ivoire 11.00 2015
22 Ethiopia 10.94 2014
23 Gabon 10.60 2003
24 Angola 10.39 2015
25 Comoros 9.84 2014
26 Mali 9.55 2012
27 Seychelles 9.28 2015
28 Dem. Rep. Congo 9.12 2013
29 Rwanda 9.06 2016
30 Zimbabwe 8.90 2015
31 Namibia 8.18 2008
32 Lesotho 8.04 2014
33 Burundi 7.68 2014
34 Mozambique 7.39 2015
35 Burkina Faso 7.32 2016
36 Mauritania 7.05 2016
37 Djibouti 5.94 2011
38 Chad 5.74 2014
39 Uganda 5.36 2014
40 Swaziland 5.19 2013
41 Madagascar 4.98 2014
42 Tanzania 4.87 2013
43 Kenya 4.75 2009
44 Zambia 4.52 2012
45 Somalia 4.49 1987
46 Equatorial Guinea 4.45 2000
47 Central African Republic 4.10 2012
48 The Gambia 3.71 2012
49 Eritrea 3.42 2014
50 Sierra Leone 3.11 2002
51 Niger 2.62 2012
52 Malawi 0.98 2011
53 Guinea-Bissau 0.88 1989

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for tertiary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in tertiary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to tertiary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual