Educational attainment, Doctoral or equivalent, population 25+, total (%) (cumulative) - Country Ranking

Definition: The percentage of population ages 25 and over that attained or completed Doctoral or equivalent.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Switzerland 2.93 2018
2 Slovenia 2.76 2017
3 United States 2.03 2018
4 Israel 1.44 2015
5 Germany 1.25 2018
6 Sweden 1.24 2017
7 Finland 1.14 2017
8 Australia 1.14 2018
9 Latvia 1.11 2018
10 Norway 1.02 2017
11 United Kingdom 1.00 2017
12 Ireland 0.99 2017
13 New Zealand 0.94 2016
14 Austria 0.94 2017
15 Puerto Rico 0.93 2017
16 France 0.84 2017
17 Cayman Islands 0.81 2015
18 Denmark 0.78 2018
19 Korea 0.77 2015
20 Cyprus 0.76 2018
21 Hungary 0.71 2016
22 United Arab Emirates 0.68 2017
23 Saudi Arabia 0.68 2017
24 Spain 0.66 2018
25 Russia 0.65 2010
26 Belgium 0.65 2017
27 Slovak Republic 0.63 2017
28 Netherlands 0.63 2018
29 Lithuania 0.62 2017
30 Czech Republic 0.62 2017
31 Portugal 0.59 2018
32 Georgia 0.51 2017
33 Greece 0.51 2016
34 Pakistan 0.49 2017
35 Malta 0.49 2018
36 The Bahamas 0.46 2010
37 Qatar 0.44 2017
38 Poland 0.44 2016
39 Turkey 0.42 2017
40 Serbia 0.39 2017
41 Kuwait 0.39 2013
42 Iran 0.37 2016
43 Cuba 0.35 2012
44 Costa Rica 0.31 2018
45 Armenia 0.31 2017
46 South Africa 0.31 2017
47 Egypt 0.31 2017
48 Oman 0.30 2015
49 Côte d'Ivoire 0.27 2014
50 Mongolia 0.26 2010
51 Malaysia 0.26 2016
52 Brazil 0.26 2018
53 Panama 0.26 2010
54 Bahrain 0.24 2018
55 Trinidad and Tobago 0.24 2011
56 St. Lucia 0.23 2010
57 Niger 0.22 2012
58 Bolivia 0.22 2015
59 Bhutan 0.20 2017
60 Bangladesh 0.19 2018
61 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.19 2018
62 Moldova 0.15 2018
63 Mauritius 0.13 2018
64 Mali 0.11 2018
65 Greenland 0.10 2015
66 Albania 0.09 2012
67 Cambodia 0.09 2015
68 Mexico 0.08 2018
69 Romania 0.08 2014
70 Fiji 0.07 2017
71 Senegal 0.07 2017
72 Uruguay 0.06 2013
73 Paraguay 0.06 2018
74 Indonesia 0.05 2018
75 Philippines 0.05 2017
76 Chad 0.05 2009
77 Cabo Verde 0.04 2015
78 Guatemala 0.04 2014
79 El Salvador 0.04 2013
80 Mozambique 0.04 2017
81 Zimbabwe 0.04 2017
82 Kyrgyz Republic 0.03 2009
83 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.02 2016
84 Rwanda 0.02 2018
85 Burkina Faso 0.00 2014
85 São Tomé and Principe 0.00 2012
85 Azerbaijan 0.00 2015

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Development Relevance: A relative high concentration of the adult population in a given level of education reflects the capacity of the educational system in the corresponding level of education. Educational attainment is closely related to the skills and competencies of a country's population, and could be seen as a proxy of both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the stock of human capital.

Limitations and Exceptions: Caution is required when using this indicator for cross-country comparison, since the countries do not always classify degrees and qualifications at the same International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels, even if they are received at roughly the same age or after a similar number of years of schooling. Also, certain educational programmes and study courses cannot be easily classified according to ISCED. This indicator only measures educational attainment in terms of level of education attained, i.e. years of schooling, and do not necessarily reveal the quality of the education (learning achievement and other impacts).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: It is calculated by dividing the number of population ages 25 and older who attained or completed Doctoral or equivalent by the total population of the same age group and multiplying by 100. The number 0 means zero or small enough that the number would round to zero. Data are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics mainly from national population census, household survey, and labour force survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011.

Periodicity: Annual