Educational attainment, Doctoral or equivalent, population 25+, male (%) (cumulative) - Country Ranking

Definition: The percentage of population ages 25 and over that attained or completed Doctoral or equivalent.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Switzerland 3.85 2018
2 Slovenia 2.65 2017
3 United States 2.45 2018
4 Israel 1.75 2015
5 Germany 1.65 2018
6 Sweden 1.53 2017
7 Finland 1.31 2017
8 Latvia 1.29 2018
9 Austria 1.27 2017
10 Australia 1.20 2018
11 Norway 1.20 2017
12 United Kingdom 1.19 2017
13 Korea 1.17 2015
14 Ireland 1.13 2017
15 New Zealand 1.10 2016
16 France 1.06 2017
17 Pakistan 0.95 2017
18 Denmark 0.94 2018
19 Belgium 0.86 2017
20 Hungary 0.84 2016
21 Saudi Arabia 0.84 2017
22 United Arab Emirates 0.84 2017
23 Czech Republic 0.83 2017
24 Netherlands 0.82 2018
25 Puerto Rico 0.82 2017
26 Cyprus 0.77 2018
27 Spain 0.74 2018
28 Malta 0.71 2018
29 Cayman Islands 0.71 2015
30 Greece 0.69 2016
31 Russia 0.66 2010
32 Lithuania 0.65 2017
33 Portugal 0.64 2018
34 Slovak Republic 0.63 2017
35 Poland 0.60 2016
36 The Bahamas 0.53 2010
37 Turkey 0.51 2017
38 Serbia 0.49 2017
39 Georgia 0.47 2017
40 Kuwait 0.47 2013
41 Armenia 0.43 2017
42 Iran 0.43 2016
43 Qatar 0.42 2017
44 Côte d'Ivoire 0.41 2014
45 South Africa 0.36 2017
46 Egypt 0.36 2017
47 Niger 0.34 2012
48 Cuba 0.33 2012
49 Costa Rica 0.32 2018
50 Mongolia 0.32 2010
51 Brazil 0.31 2018
52 Panama 0.31 2010
53 Malaysia 0.30 2016
54 Trinidad and Tobago 0.29 2011
55 Bolivia 0.28 2015
56 Oman 0.27 2015
57 Bahrain 0.27 2018
58 Bhutan 0.27 2017
59 Bangladesh 0.26 2018
60 St. Lucia 0.25 2010
61 Mali 0.22 2018
62 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.21 2018
63 Cambodia 0.20 2015
64 Mauritius 0.17 2018
65 Moldova 0.11 2018
66 Mexico 0.11 2018
67 Fiji 0.10 2017
68 Senegal 0.10 2017
69 Greenland 0.09 2015
70 Chad 0.09 2009
71 Guatemala 0.08 2014
72 Romania 0.08 2014
73 Indonesia 0.07 2018
74 Albania 0.07 2012
75 Paraguay 0.06 2018
76 Uruguay 0.06 2013
77 Mozambique 0.06 2017
78 Philippines 0.05 2017
79 Zimbabwe 0.05 2017
80 El Salvador 0.04 2013
81 Kyrgyz Republic 0.04 2009
82 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.03 2016
83 Rwanda 0.03 2018
84 Burkina Faso 0.00 2014
84 São Tomé and Principe 0.00 2012
84 Cabo Verde 0.00 2015
84 Azerbaijan 0.00 2015

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Development Relevance: A relative high concentration of the adult population in a given level of education reflects the capacity of the educational system in the corresponding level of education. Educational attainment is closely related to the skills and competencies of a country's population, and could be seen as a proxy of both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of the stock of human capital.

Limitations and Exceptions: Caution is required when using this indicator for cross-country comparison, since the countries do not always classify degrees and qualifications at the same International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) levels, even if they are received at roughly the same age or after a similar number of years of schooling. Also, certain educational programmes and study courses cannot be easily classified according to ISCED. This indicator only measures educational attainment in terms of level of education attained, i.e. years of schooling, and do not necessarily reveal the quality of the education (learning achievement and other impacts).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: It is calculated by dividing the number of population ages 25 and older who attained or completed Doctoral or equivalent by the total population of the same age group and multiplying by 100. The number 0 means zero or small enough that the number would round to zero. Data are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics mainly from national population census, household survey, and labour force survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011.

Periodicity: Annual