School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to programs at the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and to provide a bridge between home and school.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Andorra 163.77 1983
2 Liberia 158.82 2015
3 Australia 126.67 2015
4 Ghana 116.99 2016
5 Belgium 116.67 2015
6 Germany 111.54 2015
7 Israel 111.16 2015
8 Hong Kong SAR, China 110.36 2011
9 Malta 109.11 2015
10 France 108.91 2014
11 Czech Republic 107.35 2015
12 San Marino 105.96 2012
13 Belarus 105.60 2015
14 Switzerland 105.37 2015
15 Vanuatu 103.04 2015
16 Mauritius 102.63 2015
17 Austria 102.56 2015
18 Liechtenstein 101.86 2015
19 Papua New Guinea 101.59 2008
20 Cuba 101.51 2015
21 Italy 99.86 2015
22 Solomon Islands 99.61 2015
23 Iceland 97.30 2013
24 Norway 97.26 2015
25 Spain 96.85 2015
26 Antigua and Barbuda 96.76 2015
27 Tuvalu 96.38 2015
28 Jamaica 96.36 2015
29 Denmark 95.83 2015
30 Guyana 95.35 2012
31 Ireland 94.98 2015
32 Netherlands 94.66 2015
33 Slovenia 94.59 2014
34 Slovak Republic 94.58 2015
35 Portugal 94.44 2015
36 Luxembourg 94.42 2014
37 Sweden 93.97 2015
38 Korea 93.65 2015
39 Sri Lanka 93.45 2015
40 New Zealand 93.10 2015
41 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 92.88 2015
42 Brazil 92.80 2015
43 Malaysia 92.39 2015
44 Lithuania 92.08 2015
45 Macao SAR, China 91.97 2015
46 St. Kitts and Nevis 90.95 2015
47 Romania 90.94 2015
48 Suriname 90.08 2015
49 Albania 89.72 2015
50 Estonia 89.53 2012
51 Grenada 88.81 2015
52 Latvia 88.69 2015
53 United Kingdom 88.36 2014
54 Seychelles 88.22 2015
55 Peru 88.17 2015
56 Chile 88.05 2015
57 Uruguay 88.01 2014
58 Russia 87.72 2015
59 Dominica 86.65 2015
60 Ukraine 85.72 2013
61 Mongolia 85.42 2012
62 Nepal 85.33 2016
63 Nauru 85.26 2014
64 Colombia 84.77 2015
65 Moldova 84.34 2015
66 Vietnam 84.12 2015
67 Bulgaria 83.59 2015
68 China 83.35 2015
69 United Arab Emirates 83.10 2015
70 Trinidad and Tobago 83.02 2007
71 Barbados 82.79 2014
72 Japan 82.64 1999
73 Kuwait 81.55 2011
74 Malawi 81.26 2015
75 Cyprus 80.81 2015
76 Hungary 80.44 2015
77 Lebanon 79.90 2015
78 Finland 79.46 2015
79 Puerto Rico 79.45 2013
80 Poland 79.41 2014
81 Algeria 78.96 2011
82 Pakistan 77.03 2015
83 Kenya 76.80 2015
84 South Africa 76.58 2014
85 Venezuela 75.04 2015
86 Cabo Verde 74.09 2015
87 Canada 73.92 2013
88 Thailand 73.73 2015
89 Argentina 72.25 2014
90 United States 71.51 2015
91 El Salvador 71.33 2015
92 Brunei 71.25 2015
93 Palau 70.94 2014
94 Bolivia 70.60 2015
95 Ecuador 69.97 2016
96 Mexico 68.18 2014
97 Angola 64.21 2011
98 Croatia 63.89 2015
99 Turkmenistan 63.77 2014
100 Morocco 62.74 2015
101 Kazakhstan 59.31 2016
102 Serbia 58.52 2015
103 Qatar 58.07 2015
104 Equatorial Guinea 57.55 2015
105 Nicaragua 57.45 2010
106 Indonesia 57.23 2014
107 Montenegro 57.02 2015
108 Bahrain 56.34 2015
109 St. Lucia 55.62 2015
110 Georgia 54.89 2007
111 Oman 54.80 2015
112 Philippines 53.29 2009
113 Costa Rica 52.60 2015
114 São Tomé and Principe 51.89 2016
115 Armenia 51.67 2015
116 Iran 51.37 2015
117 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 50.58 2015
118 Greece 49.30 2014
119 Belize 49.05 2015
120 Panama 47.94 2014
121 Honduras 45.09 2015
122 Guatemala 44.50 2015
123 Tunisia 43.95 2015
124 Dominican Republic 42.93 2015
125 Nigeria 42.01 2010
126 Zimbabwe 42.00 2013
127 Samoa 39.49 2015
128 Tonga 38.83 2014
129 Paraguay 37.65 2012
130 Cameroon 37.60 2015
131 The Gambia 37.05 2015
132 Macedonia 36.44 2015
133 Gabon 36.43 2011
134 Sudan 35.95 2013
135 Lao PDR 34.63 2015
136 Lesotho 33.32 2015
137 The Bahamas 33.24 2002
138 Jordan 32.83 2015
139 Tanzania 31.41 2015
140 Ethiopia 31.17 2015
141 Bangladesh 30.97 2015
142 Egypt 30.60 2014
143 Turkey 29.73 2015
144 Kyrgyz Republic 27.54 2015
145 Uzbekistan 26.42 2016
146 Swaziland 25.10 2011
147 Bhutan 24.98 2016
148 Azerbaijan 23.72 2015
149 Benin 23.65 2015
150 Myanmar 23.03 2014
151 Namibia 21.07 2013
152 Comoros 19.80 2014
153 Botswana 18.45 2013
154 Timor-Leste 18.22 2015
155 Rwanda 17.64 2015
156 Madagascar 17.40 2015
157 Cambodia 17.38 2015
158 Togo 17.29 2015
159 Fiji 17.25 2009
160 Saudi Arabia 16.90 2015
161 Guinea 15.45 2011
162 Senegal 14.05 2015
163 Congo 13.99 2012
164 Eritrea 13.35 2015
165 India 12.58 2015
166 Burundi 12.51 2015
167 Mozambique 11.85 1986
168 Tajikistan 11.76 2016
169 Uganda 11.41 2015
170 Libya 10.00 2006
171 Sierra Leone 9.63 2015
172 Mauritania 9.39 2015
173 Niger 7.15 2015
174 Côte d'Ivoire 7.13 2015
175 Iraq 6.60 2007
176 Guinea-Bissau 6.31 2010
177 Syrian Arab Republic 5.98 2013
178 Central African Republic 5.54 2011
179 Djibouti 5.40 2016
180 Burkina Faso 4.15 2015
181 Dem. Rep. Congo 4.03 2014
182 Mali 3.94 2015
183 Yemen 1.43 2013
184 Chad 0.85 2013
185 Afghanistan 0.85 2003
186 Somalia 0.35 1986

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for pre-primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in pre-primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to pre-primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual