School enrollment, preprimary, male (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to programs at the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and to provide a bridge between home and school.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Australia 167.75 2017
2 Ireland 164.39 2017
3 Andorra 162.15 1983
4 Liberia 124.64 2017
5 Belgium 115.26 2017
6 Ghana 113.58 2018
7 Malta 111.34 2016
8 Israel 110.83 2017
9 Germany 109.64 2017
10 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 109.59 2018
11 Czech Republic 108.02 2017
12 United Kingdom 106.49 2017
13 France 105.96 2017
14 Austria 104.91 2017
15 Switzerland 104.05 2017
16 Hong Kong SAR, China 103.85 2018
17 Peru 103.56 2018
18 Vietnam 100.73 2018
19 Belarus 100.61 2018
20 St. Kitts and Nevis 100.57 2016
21 Liechtenstein 100.00 2016
22 Malaysia 98.08 2018
23 Cuba 98.06 2018
24 Costa Rica 97.62 2018
25 Mauritius 97.52 2018
26 Guyana 97.42 2012
27 Macao SAR, China 97.07 2018
28 Sweden 96.57 2017
29 Denmark 96.44 2017
30 Slovak Republic 96.01 2017
31 Brazil 95.91 2017
32 Latvia 95.90 2017
33 Grenada 95.70 2017
34 Norway 95.20 2017
35 Italy 95.02 2017
36 Korea 94.85 2017
37 Portugal 94.56 2017
38 San Marino 94.50 2018
39 Seychelles 94.31 2018
40 Dominica 94.24 2016
41 Netherlands 94.20 2017
42 Nepal 93.31 2017
43 Uruguay 93.20 2017
44 Luxembourg 92.93 2017
45 Estonia 92.75 2017
46 Iceland 92.68 2017
47 Slovenia 92.55 2017
48 Spain 92.30 2017
49 Sri Lanka 91.90 2015
50 Vanuatu 91.58 2015
51 New Zealand 90.96 2016
52 Lithuania 88.63 2017
53 Pakistan 88.36 2018
54 China 87.85 2018
55 Russia 87.71 2017
56 Moldova 86.84 2018
57 Mongolia 86.75 2018
58 Suriname 85.96 2018
59 Barbados 85.93 2018
60 Tuvalu 85.78 2018
61 Ukraine 84.92 2013
62 Nauru 84.75 2016
63 Hungary 83.73 2017
64 Finland 83.73 2017
65 Solomon Islands 83.33 2018
66 Malawi 83.15 2015
67 Trinidad and Tobago 83.03 2007
68 Romania 82.74 2016
69 Chile 82.50 2017
70 Philippines 82.34 2017
71 Poland 81.66 2017
72 Cyprus 80.81 2015
73 Albania 80.23 2018
74 Algeria 78.47 2011
75 Colombia 78.45 2018
76 Bulgaria 77.74 2016
77 Kenya 76.76 2016
78 United Arab Emirates 75.82 2016
79 Argentina 75.56 2017
80 Greece 73.87 2017
81 Thailand 73.77 2017
82 Bolivia 73.61 2017
83 Cabo Verde 72.96 2018
84 Mexico 72.74 2017
85 United States 72.73 2017
86 Jamaica 71.91 2018
87 St. Lucia 70.44 2018
88 Venezuela 69.05 2017
89 Ecuador 68.77 2017
90 Antigua and Barbuda 66.60 2018
91 Palau 66.22 2014
92 Croatia 65.73 2016
93 Indonesia 65.41 2018
94 Canada 64.58 1996
95 El Salvador 64.51 2017
96 Brunei 64.49 2018
97 Serbia 62.47 2018
98 Montenegro 62.34 2017
99 Panama 61.51 2017
100 Kuwait 60.88 2018
101 Qatar 59.91 2018
102 Turkmenistan 58.87 2014
103 Kazakhstan 58.20 2018
104 Nicaragua 54.76 2010
105 Morocco 54.70 2018
106 Lebanon 54.60 1985
107 Iran 53.05 2016
108 Bahrain 52.79 2018
109 Georgia 51.83 2007
110 Oman 50.88 2018
111 Dominican Republic 50.41 2017
112 Guatemala 50.37 2018
113 São Tomé and Principe 48.09 2016
114 Zimbabwe 46.40 2013
115 Belize 46.23 2018
116 Sudan 46.17 2017
117 Lao PDR 46.09 2018
118 Samoa 45.24 2018
119 Tonga 44.43 2015
120 Tunisia 44.23 2016
121 Paraguay 43.54 2016
122 Papua New Guinea 43.46 2016
123 Equatorial Guinea 42.95 2015
124 Nigeria 42.16 2010
125 Angola 41.89 2016
126 Tanzania 41.42 2018
127 Honduras 40.81 2017
128 The Gambia 40.46 2018
129 Bangladesh 40.04 2018
130 Azerbaijan 39.90 2018
131 Kyrgyz Republic 39.90 2018
132 Lesotho 38.12 2016
133 Madagascar 37.82 2018
134 Armenia 36.58 2018
135 North Macedonia 35.71 2015
136 Gabon 34.60 2011
137 Bhutan 34.26 2018
138 Cameroon 34.14 2018
139 Turkey 33.48 2017
140 The Bahamas 30.88 2016
141 Ethiopia 30.21 2015
142 Puerto Rico 29.06 2016
143 Egypt 28.77 2018
144 Uzbekistan 28.43 2018
145 Jordan 27.24 2018
146 Eswatini 27.24 2011
147 Benin 25.04 2018
148 South Africa 24.56 2017
149 Cambodia 23.35 2018
150 Timor-Leste 22.62 2018
151 Togo 22.50 2018
152 Rwanda 22.12 2018
153 Eritrea 21.61 2017
154 Botswana 21.08 2015
155 Saudi Arabia 20.73 2018
156 Comoros 20.08 2017
157 Fiji 17.22 2009
158 Guinea 15.79 2011
159 Senegal 15.57 2018
160 Burundi 15.07 2018
161 India 14.28 2017
162 Uganda 14.13 2017
163 Congo 13.37 2012
164 Sierra Leone 13.13 2018
165 Mozambique 12.54 1986
166 Tajikistan 10.61 2017
167 Libya 9.94 2006
168 Myanmar 9.70 2017
169 Djibouti 9.43 2019
170 Mauritania 9.30 2015
171 Côte d'Ivoire 8.13 2018
172 Niger 7.77 2018
173 Zambia 7.28 2016
174 Mali 6.84 2018
175 Iraq 6.64 2007
176 Guinea-Bissau 6.49 2010
177 Syrian Arab Republic 5.66 2013
178 Burkina Faso 4.38 2018
179 Dem. Rep. Congo 4.29 2015
180 Afghanistan 3.44 2003
181 Central African Republic 2.86 2017
182 Yemen 1.68 2016
183 Chad 1.00 2016
184 Somalia 0.33 1986

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for pre-primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in pre-primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to pre-primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual