Literacy rate, adult male (% of males ages 15 and above) - Country Ranking

Definition: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 100.00 2008
2 Uzbekistan 99.99 2016
3 Ukraine 99.99 2012
4 San Marino 99.93 2018
5 Latvia 99.88 2011
6 Azerbaijan 99.86 2017
7 Estonia 99.86 2011
8 Kazakhstan 99.83 2010
9 Tajikistan 99.82 2014
10 Armenia 99.81 2017
11 Lithuania 99.79 2011
12 Belarus 99.79 2018
13 Turkmenistan 99.75 2014
14 Russia 99.73 2018
15 Cuba 99.71 2012
16 Slovenia 99.69 2014
17 Kyrgyz Republic 99.68 2018
18 Croatia 99.63 2011
19 Moldova 99.60 2014
20 Barbados 99.60 2014
21 Montenegro 99.45 2018
22 Georgia 99.44 2017
23 Italy 99.35 2018
24 Tonga 99.35 2018
25 Cyprus 99.29 2011
26 Poland 99.28 2008
27 Bosnia and Herzegovina 99.18 2013
28 Hungary 99.16 2014
29 Trinidad and Tobago 99.14 2010
30 Romania 99.11 2018
31 Fiji 99.08 2017
32 Serbia 99.08 2018
33 Samoa 98.96 2018
34 Argentina 98.94 2018
35 Spain 98.93 2018
36 Singapore 98.85 2018
37 Turkey 98.82 2017
38 North Macedonia 98.81 2014
39 Bahrain 98.76 2018
40 Bulgaria 98.75 2011
41 Cayman Islands 98.72 2007
42 Jordan 98.61 2018
43 Grenada 98.58 2014
44 Albania 98.51 2018
45 China 98.47 2018
46 Antigua and Barbuda 98.40 2015
47 Uruguay 98.37 2018
48 Greece 98.28 2011
49 Mongolia 98.19 2018
50 Macao SAR, China 98.19 2016
51 New Caledonia 98.14 2014
52 Philippines 98.12 2015
53 Brunei 98.05 2018
54 Costa Rica 97.80 2018
55 Portugal 97.35 2018
56 Indonesia 97.33 2018
57 Equatorial Guinea 97.29 2014
58 Peru 97.12 2018
59 Saudi Arabia 97.10 2017
60 Venezuela 97.04 2016
61 Oman 96.99 2018
62 Lebanon 96.85 2018
63 Palau 96.81 2015
64 Kuwait 96.67 2018
65 Bolivia 96.52 2015
66 Chile 96.48 2017
67 Vietnam 96.46 2018
68 Malaysia 96.30 2016
69 Mexico 96.23 2018
70 São Tomé and Principe 96.16 2018
71 Suriname 96.07 2018
72 Panama 95.97 2018
73 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 95.80 1970
74 Seychelles 95.41 2018
75 Israel 94.96 1983
76 Colombia 94.85 2018
77 Thailand 94.66 2015
78 Paraguay 94.51 2018
79 Libya 93.85 2004
80 Dominican Republic 93.79 2016
81 Ecuador 93.78 2017
82 Mauritius 93.36 2018
83 Qatar 93.14 2017
84 Malta 93.01 2018
85 Brazil 93.01 2018
86 Sri Lanka 92.98 2017
87 Puerto Rico 92.39 2017
88 Cabo Verde 91.69 2015
89 El Salvador 90.63 2017
90 Zambia 90.60 2018
91 Iran 90.35 2016
92 Lao PDR 89.96 2015
93 United Arab Emirates 89.48 2005
94 Zimbabwe 89.19 2014
95 Dem. Rep. Congo 88.52 2016
96 Vanuatu 88.31 2018
97 Eswatini 88.29 2018
98 Syrian Arab Republic 87.76 2004
99 South Africa 87.68 2017
100 Algeria 87.42 2018
101 Honduras 87.14 2018
102 Guatemala 86.76 2014
103 Botswana 86.74 2014
104 Cambodia 86.53 2015
105 Guyana 86.31 2014
106 Congo 86.08 2018
107 Tunisia 86.06 2014
108 Gabon 85.85 2018
109 Kenya 84.99 2018
110 Eritrea 84.37 2018
111 Solomon Islands 83.70 2009
112 Ghana 83.52 2018
113 Jamaica 83.44 2014
114 Morocco 83.30 2018
115 Tanzania 83.20 2015
116 Uganda 82.66 2018
117 Cameroon 82.63 2018
118 Nicaragua 82.44 2015
119 India 82.37 2018
120 Myanmar 80.01 2016
121 Angola 79.97 2014
122 Nepal 78.59 2018
123 Rwanda 77.56 2018
124 Madagascar 77.28 2018
125 Togo 77.26 2015
126 Bangladesh 76.67 2018
127 Egypt 76.50 2017
128 Burundi 76.30 2017
129 Bhutan 75.02 2017
130 Yemen 73.16 2004
131 Mozambique 72.60 2017
132 Timor-Leste 71.87 2018
133 Nigeria 71.26 2018
134 Pakistan 71.12 2017
135 Belize 70.27 1991
136 Malawi 69.75 2015
137 Lesotho 67.75 2014
138 Sudan 65.44 2018
139 Papua New Guinea 65.29 2010
140 Haiti 65.28 2016
141 Senegal 64.81 2017
142 Comoros 64.64 2018
143 Mauritania 63.75 2017
144 Liberia 62.70 2017
145 Guinea-Bissau 62.16 2014
146 The Gambia 61.77 2015
147 Ethiopia 59.24 2017
148 Iraq 56.24 2018
149 Afghanistan 55.48 2018
150 Benin 53.98 2018
151 Côte d'Ivoire 53.66 2018
152 Sierra Leone 51.65 2018
153 Burkina Faso 50.07 2018
154 Central African Republic 49.51 2018
155 Mali 46.18 2018
156 Guinea 43.64 2014
157 Niger 39.06 2012
158 Chad 31.33 2016
159 Somalia 7.20 1972

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Literacy rate is an outcome indicator to evaluate educational attainment. This data can predict the quality of future labor force and can be used in ensuring policies for life skills for men and women. It can be also used as a proxy instrument to see the effectiveness of education system; a high literacy rate suggests the capacity of an education system to provide a large population with opportunities to acquire literacy skills. The accumulated achievement of education is fundamental for further intellectual growth and social and economic development, although it doesn't necessarily ensure the quality of education. Literate women implies that they can seek and use information for the betterment of the health, nutrition and education of their household members. Literate women are also empowered to play a meaningful role.

Limitations and Exceptions: In practice, literacy is difficult to measure. Estimating literacy rates requires census or survey measurements under controlled conditions. Many countries report the number of literate people from self-reported data. Some use educational attainment data as a proxy but apply different lengths of school attendance or levels of completion. Ant there is a trend among recent national and international surveys toward using a direct reading test of literacy skills. Because definitions and methods of data collection differ across countries, data should be used cautiously.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Literacy statistics for most countries cover the population ages 15 and older, but some include younger ages or are confined to age ranges that tend to inflate literacy rates. The youth literacy rate for ages 15-24 reflects recent progress in education. It measures the accumulated outcomes of primary education over the previous 10 years or so by indicating the proportion of the population who have passed through the primary education system and acquired basic literacy and numeracy skills. Generally, literacy also encompasses numeracy, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. Data on literacy are compiled by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics based on national censuses and household surveys and, for countries without recent literacy data, using the Global Age-Specific Literacy Projection Model (GALP). For detailed information, see www.uis.unesco.org.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual