Literacy rate, adult male (% of males ages 15 and above) - Country Ranking

Definition: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Andorra 100.00 2016
1 Greenland 100.00 2015
3 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 100.00 2008
4 Ukraine 99.99 2012
5 Uzbekistan 99.99 2015
6 Latvia 99.88 2011
7 Azerbaijan 99.86 2016
8 Estonia 99.86 2011
9 Kazakhstan 99.83 2010
10 Armenia 99.81 2011
11 Lithuania 99.79 2011
12 Belarus 99.76 2009
13 Russia 99.73 2010
14 Cuba 99.71 2012
15 Tajikistan 99.68 2000
16 Georgia 99.67 2014
17 Croatia 99.63 2011
18 Slovenia 99.60 1991
19 Kyrgyz Republic 99.52 2009
20 Serbia 99.50 2016
21 Montenegro 99.43 2011
22 Moldova 99.37 2012
23 Tonga 99.34 2011
24 Turkmenistan 99.32 1995
25 Hungary 99.30 1980
26 Barbados 99.29 1970
27 Cyprus 99.29 2011
28 Poland 99.28 1978
29 Bosnia and Herzegovina 99.18 2013
30 Italy 99.14 2011
31 Romania 99.03 2011
32 Samoa 98.88 2011
33 Spain 98.84 2016
34 Bulgaria 98.75 2011
35 Singapore 98.73 2016
36 Cayman Islands 98.72 2007
37 Turkey 98.58 2015
38 Jordan 98.44 2012
39 Antigua and Barbuda 98.40 2001
40 Albania 98.35 2012
41 Macedonia 98.21 2002
42 Macao SAR, China 98.19 2016
43 Mongolia 98.17 2010
44 Uruguay 98.15 2015
45 Greece 98.08 2011
46 Grenada 98.05 1970
47 Argentina 98.04 2015
48 Trinidad and Tobago 98.01 1990
49 Qatar 97.79 2014
50 China 97.48 2010
51 Brunei 97.43 2011
52 Costa Rica 97.31 2011
53 Peru 97.19 2016
54 Indonesia 97.17 2016
55 Venezuela 97.04 2016
56 Palau 96.81 2015
57 Oman 96.63 2015
58 Saudi Arabia 96.53 2013
59 Bolivia 96.52 2015
60 Kuwait 96.39 2015
61 Chile 96.39 2013
62 Portugal 96.29 2011
63 Bahrain 96.14 2010
64 Philippines 96.01 2013
65 Paraguay 95.85 2015
66 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 95.80 1970
67 Vietnam 95.79 2009
68 Mexico 95.55 2015
69 Ecuador 95.45 2016
70 Malaysia 95.43 2010
71 South Africa 95.40 2015
72 Israel 94.96 1983
73 São Tomé and Principe 94.96 2012
74 Suriname 94.87 2012
75 Mauritius 94.86 2015
76 Equatorial Guinea 94.84 2000
77 Panama 94.71 2010
78 Thailand 94.66 2015
79 Lebanon 94.27 2009
80 Colombia 94.06 2015
81 Seychelles 93.46 2010
82 Sri Lanka 92.58 2010
83 Malta 91.79 2011
84 Cabo Verde 91.69 2015
85 Dominican Republic 91.65 2015
86 Brazil 91.37 2014
87 Puerto Rico 91.33 2010
88 El Salvador 90.01 2015
89 Iran 89.64 2014
90 United Arab Emirates 89.48 2005
91 Zimbabwe 89.19 2014
92 Honduras 89.05 2016
93 Zambia 88.68 2010
94 Namibia 88.63 2011
95 Dem. Rep. Congo 88.52 2016
96 Syrian Arab Republic 87.76 2004
97 Guatemala 86.76 2014
98 Congo 86.43 2011
99 Guyana 86.31 2014
100 Tunisia 86.06 2014
101 Gabon 84.87 2012
102 Swaziland 83.90 2010
103 Kenya 83.78 2014
104 Solomon Islands 83.70 1999
105 Tanzania 83.20 2015
106 Cambodia 82.75 2009
107 Egypt 82.63 2013
108 Algeria 82.62 2008
109 Botswana 80.43 2003
110 Morocco 80.38 2012
111 Myanmar 80.01 2016
112 Angola 79.97 2014
113 Uganda 79.12 2012
114 India 78.88 2011
115 Ghana 78.35 2010
116 Cameroon 78.33 2010
117 Nicaragua 78.10 2005
118 Togo 77.26 2015
119 Libya 76.99 1984
120 Bangladesh 75.62 2016
121 Eritrea 75.07 2008
122 Madagascar 75.03 2012
123 Jamaica 74.08 1999
124 Rwanda 72.45 2012
125 Nepal 71.71 2011
126 Belize 70.27 1991
127 Malawi 69.75 2015
128 Burundi 69.69 2014
129 Pakistan 69.07 2014
130 Lesotho 67.75 2014
131 Lao PDR 67.36 2011
132 Mozambique 67.35 2009
133 Bhutan 66.00 2012
134 Timor-Leste 63.59 2010
135 Papua New Guinea 63.45 2000
136 Guinea-Bissau 62.16 2014
137 Nigeria 61.25 2008
138 Liberia 60.77 2007
139 Sudan 59.80 2008
140 Mauritania 57.40 2007
141 Vanuatu 57.34 1979
142 Yemen 56.72 1994
143 Comoros 56.48 2012
144 Haiti 53.36 2006
145 Iraq 53.01 2013
146 Senegal 52.80 2013
147 The Gambia 51.42 2013
148 Central African Republic 50.71 2010
149 Côte d'Ivoire 50.70 2014
150 Ethiopia 49.13 2007
151 Afghanistan 45.42 2011
152 Mali 45.07 2015
153 Benin 44.96 2012
154 Burkina Faso 44.38 2014
155 Guinea 43.64 2014
156 Sierra Leone 41.33 2013
157 Chad 31.33 2016
158 Niger 23.25 2012

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Development Relevance: Literacy rate is an outcome indicator to evaluate educational attainment. This data can predict the quality of future labor force and can be used in ensuring policies for life skills for men and women. It can be also used as a proxy instrument to see the effectiveness of education system; a high literacy rate suggests the capacity of an education system to provide a large population with opportunities to acquire literacy skills. The accumulated achievement of education is fundamental for further intellectual growth and social and economic development, although it doesn't necessarily ensure the quality of education. Literate women implies that they can seek and use information for the betterment of the health, nutrition and education of their household members. Literate women are also empowered to play a meaningful role.

Limitations and Exceptions: In practice, literacy is difficult to measure. Estimating literacy rates requires census or survey measurements under controlled conditions. Many countries report the number of literate people from self-reported data. Some use educational attainment data as a proxy but apply different lengths of school attendance or levels of completion. Ant there is a trend among recent national and international surveys toward using a direct reading test of literacy skills. Because definitions and methods of data collection differ across countries, data should be used cautiously.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Literacy statistics for most countries cover the population ages 15 and older, but some include younger ages or are confined to age ranges that tend to inflate literacy rates. The youth literacy rate for ages 15-24 reflects recent progress in education. It measures the accumulated outcomes of primary education over the previous 10 years or so by indicating the proportion of the population who have passed through the primary education system and acquired basic literacy and numeracy skills. Generally, literacy also encompasses numeracy, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. Data on literacy are compiled by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics based on national censuses and household surveys and, for countries without recent literacy data, using the Global Age-Specific Literacy Projection Model (GALP). For detailed information, see www.uis.unesco.org.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual