Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24) - Country Ranking

Definition: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Greenland 100.00 2015
1 Uzbekistan 100.00 2015
1 Andorra 100.00 2016
4 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 100.00 2008
5 Ukraine 99.97 2012
6 Estonia 99.95 2011
7 Azerbaijan 99.94 2016
8 Singapore 99.93 2016
9 Kazakhstan 99.90 2010
10 Cuba 99.87 2012
11 Italy 99.86 2011
12 Lithuania 99.86 2011
13 Armenia 99.85 2011
14 Tajikistan 99.85 2000
15 Latvia 99.84 2011
16 Belarus 99.82 2009
17 Cyprus 99.82 2011
18 Turkmenistan 99.81 1995
19 Macao SAR, China 99.80 2016
20 Poland 99.80 1978
21 Slovenia 99.76 1991
22 Barbados 99.76 1970
23 Kyrgyz Republic 99.75 2009
24 Croatia 99.72 2011
25 Serbia 99.72 2016
26 Russia 99.71 2010
27 Georgia 99.70 2014
28 Indonesia 99.67 2016
29 Bosnia and Herzegovina 99.66 2013
30 China 99.64 2010
31 Spain 99.62 2016
32 Turkey 99.49 2015
33 Moldova 99.46 2012
34 Tonga 99.44 2011
35 Portugal 99.44 2011
36 Bolivia 99.40 2015
37 Hungary 99.37 1980
38 Brunei 99.37 2011
39 Trinidad and Tobago 99.30 1990
39 Argentina 99.30 2015
41 Kuwait 99.26 2015
42 Lebanon 99.24 2009
43 Samoa 99.24 2011
44 Albania 99.23 2012
45 Saudi Arabia 99.22 2013
46 Montenegro 99.21 2011
47 Costa Rica 99.13 2011
48 Jordan 99.11 2012
49 Ecuador 99.06 2016
50 Chile 99.05 2013
51 Romania 99.00 2011
52 Seychelles 98.97 2010
53 Grenada 98.96 1970
54 South Africa 98.96 2015
55 Mexico 98.94 2015
56 Uruguay 98.93 2015
57 Cayman Islands 98.91 2007
58 Peru 98.88 2016
59 Malta 98.88 2011
60 Brazil 98.85 2014
61 Puerto Rico 98.83 2010
62 Venezuela 98.76 2016
63 Macedonia 98.74 2002
64 Qatar 98.71 2014
65 Oman 98.70 2016
66 Greece 98.69 2011
67 Palau 98.66 2015
68 Israel 98.56 1983
69 Colombia 98.53 2015
70 Mongolia 98.46 2010
71 Malaysia 98.42 2010
72 Paraguay 98.33 2015
73 Bahrain 98.16 2010
74 Sri Lanka 98.16 2010
75 Thailand 98.15 2015
76 Mauritius 98.13 2011
77 Cabo Verde 98.11 2015
78 Philippines 98.11 2013
79 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 97.96 1970
80 El Salvador 97.95 2015
81 Iran 97.94 2014
82 Bulgaria 97.87 2011
83 Suriname 97.67 2012
84 Panama 97.64 2010
85 Dominican Republic 97.61 2015
86 Equatorial Guinea 97.13 2000
87 Vietnam 97.09 2009
88 São Tomé and Principe 96.74 2012
89 Guyana 96.69 2014
90 Tunisia 96.21 2014
91 Honduras 96.13 2016
92 United Arab Emirates 95.01 2005
93 Namibia 94.42 2011
94 Guatemala 94.35 2014
95 Botswana 93.96 2003
96 Algeria 93.77 2008
97 Swaziland 93.50 2010
98 Syrian Arab Republic 92.45 2004
99 Bangladesh 92.24 2016
100 Egypt 92.02 2013
101 Jamaica 91.60 1999
102 Morocco 91.22 2012
103 Zimbabwe 90.43 2014
104 Libya 89.34 1984
105 Zambia 88.71 2010
106 Gabon 88.50 2012
107 Bhutan 87.32 2012
108 Cambodia 87.13 2009
109 Nicaragua 87.01 2005
110 Eritrea 86.97 2008
111 Lesotho 86.63 2014
112 Kenya 86.53 2014
113 India 86.14 2011
114 Tanzania 85.76 2015
115 Ghana 85.72 2010
116 Dem. Rep. Congo 84.99 2016
117 Nepal 84.76 2011
118 Myanmar 84.75 2016
119 Togo 84.29 2015
120 Uganda 83.66 2012
121 Rwanda 82.33 2012
122 Congo 80.91 2011
123 Cameroon 80.57 2010
124 Burundi 79.56 2014
125 Timor-Leste 79.53 2010
126 Belize 77.64 1991
127 Angola 77.43 2014
128 Madagascar 76.83 2012
129 Malawi 72.94 2015
130 Pakistan 72.80 2014
131 Haiti 72.35 2006
132 Lao PDR 72.06 2011
133 Vanuatu 71.83 1979
134 Comoros 71.58 2012
135 Mozambique 67.15 2009
136 Papua New Guinea 66.68 2000
137 Nigeria 66.38 2008
138 Sudan 65.81 2008
139 The Gambia 60.78 2013
140 Guinea-Bissau 60.40 2014
141 Yemen 60.22 1994
142 Sierra Leone 57.02 2013
143 Mauritania 56.12 2007
144 Senegal 55.90 2013
145 Ethiopia 54.98 2007
146 Côte d'Ivoire 53.02 2014
147 Benin 52.49 2012
148 Iraq 52.32 2013
149 Burkina Faso 50.10 2014
150 Mali 49.37 2015
151 Liberia 49.07 2007
152 Afghanistan 46.99 2011
153 Guinea 46.30 2014
154 Central African Republic 36.36 2010
155 Chad 30.79 2016
156 Niger 23.52 2012

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Development Relevance: Literacy rate is an outcome indicator to evaluate educational attainment. This data can predict the quality of future labor force and can be used in ensuring policies for life skills for men and women. It can be also used as a proxy instrument to see the effectiveness of education system; a high literacy rate suggests the capacity of an education system to provide a large population with opportunities to acquire literacy skills. The accumulated achievement of education is fundamental for further intellectual growth and social and economic development, although it doesn't necessarily ensure the quality of education. Literate women implies that they can seek and use information for the betterment of the health, nutrition and education of their household members. Literate women are also empowered to play a meaningful role.

Limitations and Exceptions: In practice, literacy is difficult to measure. Estimating literacy rates requires census or survey measurements under controlled conditions. Many countries report the number of literate people from self-reported data. Some use educational attainment data as a proxy but apply different lengths of school attendance or levels of completion. Ant there is a trend among recent national and international surveys toward using a direct reading test of literacy skills. Because definitions and methods of data collection differ across countries, data should be used cautiously.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Literacy statistics for most countries cover the population ages 15 and older, but some include younger ages or are confined to age ranges that tend to inflate literacy rates. The youth literacy rate for ages 15-24 reflects recent progress in education. It measures the accumulated outcomes of primary education over the previous 10 years or so by indicating the proportion of the population who have passed through the primary education system and acquired basic literacy and numeracy skills. Generally, literacy also encompasses numeracy, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. Data on literacy are compiled by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics based on national censuses and household surveys and, for countries without recent literacy data, using the Global Age-Specific Literacy Projection Model (GALP). For detailed information, see www.uis.unesco.org.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual