Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24) - Country Ranking

Definition: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Uzbekistan 100.00 2016
1 San Marino 100.00 2018
3 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 100.00 2008
4 Ukraine 99.97 2012
5 Estonia 99.95 2011
6 Azerbaijan 99.94 2017
7 Italy 99.93 2018
8 Singapore 99.93 2018
9 Tajikistan 99.90 2014
9 Barbados 99.90 2014
11 Kazakhstan 99.90 2010
12 Cuba 99.87 2012
13 Lithuania 99.86 2011
14 Belarus 99.85 2018
15 Armenia 99.85 2017
16 Latvia 99.84 2011
17 Cyprus 99.82 2011
18 Moldova 99.81 2014
19 Turkmenistan 99.80 2014
19 Slovenia 99.80 2014
21 Macao SAR, China 99.80 2016
22 Poland 99.80 2008
23 China 99.78 2018
24 Lebanon 99.75 2018
25 Turkey 99.75 2017
26 Kyrgyz Republic 99.75 2018
27 Fiji 99.74 2017
28 Croatia 99.72 2011
29 Spain 99.72 2018
30 Brunei 99.71 2018
31 Indonesia 99.71 2018
32 Russia 99.70 2018
33 Bahrain 99.69 2018
34 Portugal 99.66 2018
35 Bosnia and Herzegovina 99.66 2013
36 Georgia 99.64 2017
37 Trinidad and Tobago 99.60 2010
37 Libya 99.60 2004
39 Argentina 99.51 2018
40 Tonga 99.44 2018
41 Costa Rica 99.43 2018
42 Romania 99.43 2018
43 Bolivia 99.40 2015
44 Jordan 99.34 2018
45 Albania 99.33 2018
46 Mexico 99.32 2018
47 Saudi Arabia 99.30 2017
48 Malta 99.30 2018
49 Ecuador 99.26 2017
50 Brazil 99.20 2018
51 Grenada 99.20 2014
51 New Caledonia 99.20 2014
53 Samoa 99.12 2018
54 Montenegro 99.11 2018
55 Panama 99.10 2018
56 Philippines 99.08 2015
57 Kuwait 99.08 2018
58 Seychelles 99.07 2018
59 Mauritius 99.04 2018
60 Peru 99.02 2018
61 Chile 99.01 2017
62 Cayman Islands 98.91 2007
63 Uruguay 98.88 2018
64 Sri Lanka 98.86 2017
65 Colombia 98.85 2018
66 Dominican Republic 98.84 2016
67 Greece 98.81 2011
68 Hungary 98.80 2014
69 Venezuela 98.76 2016
70 Palau 98.66 2015
71 Suriname 98.65 2018
72 Mongolia 98.63 2018
73 Oman 98.62 2018
74 North Macedonia 98.60 2014
75 Israel 98.56 1983
76 Vietnam 98.41 2018
77 Serbia 98.30 2018
78 Paraguay 98.28 2018
79 Equatorial Guinea 98.20 2014
80 Thailand 98.15 2015
81 Cabo Verde 98.11 2015
82 Iran 98.10 2016
83 El Salvador 97.98 2017
84 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 97.96 1970
85 Bulgaria 97.87 2011
86 São Tomé and Principe 97.78 2018
87 Morocco 97.73 2018
88 Botswana 97.70 2014
89 Malaysia 97.61 2016
90 Algeria 97.43 2018
91 Guyana 96.69 2014
92 Honduras 96.52 2018
93 Jamaica 96.30 2014
94 Vanuatu 96.28 2018
95 Tunisia 96.21 2014
96 Eswatini 95.47 2018
97 South Africa 95.32 2017
98 United Arab Emirates 95.01 2005
99 Qatar 94.64 2017
100 Guatemala 94.35 2014
101 Bangladesh 93.30 2018
102 Eritrea 93.27 2018
103 Bhutan 93.09 2017
104 Ghana 92.49 2018
105 Lao PDR 92.46 2015
106 Syrian Arab Republic 92.45 2004
107 Nepal 92.39 2018
108 Puerto Rico 92.39 2017
109 Cambodia 92.21 2015
110 Zambia 92.09 2018
111 India 91.66 2018
112 Nicaragua 91.57 2015
113 Zimbabwe 90.43 2014
114 Gabon 89.78 2018
115 Uganda 89.40 2018
116 Burundi 88.22 2017
117 Egypt 88.19 2017
118 Kenya 87.83 2018
119 Lesotho 86.63 2014
120 Rwanda 86.49 2018
121 Tanzania 85.76 2015
122 Cameroon 85.08 2018
123 Dem. Rep. Congo 84.99 2016
124 Myanmar 84.75 2016
125 Togo 84.29 2015
126 Timor-Leste 83.54 2018
127 Haiti 82.99 2016
128 Congo 82.05 2018
129 Madagascar 81.20 2018
130 Comoros 78.27 2018
131 Belize 77.64 1991
132 Angola 77.43 2014
133 Yemen 77.00 2004
134 Nigeria 75.03 2018
135 Pakistan 74.53 2017
136 Sudan 73.00 2018
137 Malawi 72.94 2015
138 Ethiopia 72.75 2017
139 Mozambique 70.91 2017
140 Senegal 69.48 2017
141 Papua New Guinea 67.90 2010
142 The Gambia 67.16 2015
143 Sierra Leone 66.65 2018
144 Afghanistan 65.42 2018
145 Mauritania 63.95 2017
146 Benin 60.95 2018
147 Guinea-Bissau 60.40 2014
148 Côte d'Ivoire 58.42 2018
149 Burkina Faso 58.29 2018
150 Iraq 56.34 2018
151 Liberia 55.40 2017
152 Mali 50.13 2018
153 Guinea 46.30 2014
154 Niger 39.79 2012
155 Central African Republic 38.27 2018
156 Chad 30.79 2016
157 Somalia 13.14 1972

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Development Relevance: Literacy rate is an outcome indicator to evaluate educational attainment. This data can predict the quality of future labor force and can be used in ensuring policies for life skills for men and women. It can be also used as a proxy instrument to see the effectiveness of education system; a high literacy rate suggests the capacity of an education system to provide a large population with opportunities to acquire literacy skills. The accumulated achievement of education is fundamental for further intellectual growth and social and economic development, although it doesn't necessarily ensure the quality of education. Literate women implies that they can seek and use information for the betterment of the health, nutrition and education of their household members. Literate women are also empowered to play a meaningful role.

Limitations and Exceptions: In practice, literacy is difficult to measure. Estimating literacy rates requires census or survey measurements under controlled conditions. Many countries report the number of literate people from self-reported data. Some use educational attainment data as a proxy but apply different lengths of school attendance or levels of completion. Ant there is a trend among recent national and international surveys toward using a direct reading test of literacy skills. Because definitions and methods of data collection differ across countries, data should be used cautiously.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Literacy statistics for most countries cover the population ages 15 and older, but some include younger ages or are confined to age ranges that tend to inflate literacy rates. The youth literacy rate for ages 15-24 reflects recent progress in education. It measures the accumulated outcomes of primary education over the previous 10 years or so by indicating the proportion of the population who have passed through the primary education system and acquired basic literacy and numeracy skills. Generally, literacy also encompasses numeracy, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. Data on literacy are compiled by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics based on national censuses and household surveys and, for countries without recent literacy data, using the Global Age-Specific Literacy Projection Model (GALP). For detailed information, see www.uis.unesco.org.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual